Earthquake Spectra

(The median citation count of Earthquake Spectra is 3. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 500 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2019-09-01 to 2023-09-01.)
The promise of implementing machine learning in earthquake engineering: A state-of-the-art review181
The 2018 update of the US National Seismic Hazard Model: Overview of model and implications120
Classifying earthquake damage to buildings using machine learning110
Current Challenges and Future Trends in Analytical Fragility and Vulnerability Modeling103
The GEM Global Active Faults Database90
Development of a global seismic risk model78
A global hybrid VS30 map with a topographic slope–based default and regional map insets64
Development of the 2017 national seismic hazard maps of Indonesia55
Exposure model for European seismic risk assessment52
Practical limitations of earthquake early warning44
An open-source framework for regional earthquake loss estimation using the city-scale nonlinear time history analysis44
The 2018 version of the Global Earthquake Model: Hazard component43
Ergodic site amplification model for central and eastern North America36
EQSIM—A multidisciplinary framework for fault-to-structure earthquake simulations on exascale computers part I: Computational models and workflow35
Building-damage detection method based on machine learning utilizing aerial photographs of the Kumamoto earthquake34
Shake-Table Testing of a Full-Scale Two-Story Precast Wall-Slab-Wall Structure34
Near-fault seismic risk assessment of simply supported bridges34
Large-scale experimental investigation of a low-cost PVC ‘sand-wich’ (PVC-s) seismic isolation for developing countries32
Repair costs of reinforced concrete building components: from actual data analysis to calibrated consequence functions32
NGA-subduction global ground motion models with regional adjustment factors29
Uncertainty and Correlation in Seismic Vulnerability Functions of Building Classes29
A machine learning damage prediction model for the 2017 Puebla-Morelos, Mexico, earthquake29
Self-centering seismic-resistant structures: Historical overview and state-of-the-art28
Next-generation liquefaction database26
Simplified seismic loss assessment for optimal structural retrofit of RC buildings25
κ0for soil sites: Observations from KiK-net sites and their use in constraining small-strain damping profiles for site response analysis25
Field assessment of liquefaction prediction models based on geotechnical versus geospatial data, with lessons for each25
PEER NGA-East database24
An open-source site database of strong-motion stations in Japan: K-NET and KiK-net (v1.0.0)24
Application of discrete wavelet transform in seismic nonlinear analysis of soil–structure interaction problems24
Overview of collapsed buildings in Mexico City after the 19 September 2017 (Mw7.1) earthquake24
NGA-East Ground-Motion Characterization model part I: Summary of products and model development23
A VS30 Map for New Zealand Based on Geologic and Terrain Proxy Variables and Field Measurements22
Comparison of macroseismic-intensity scales by considering empirical observations of structural seismic damage22
Earthquake ground motion and human behavior: Using DYFI data to assess behavioral response to earthquakes22
Database of rocking shallow foundation performance: Dynamic shaking22
Fragility curve modifiers for reinforced concrete dual buildings, including nonlinear site effects and soil–structure interaction21
ShakeMap operations, policies, and procedures20
EQSIM—A multidisciplinary framework for fault-to-structure earthquake simulations on exascale computers, part II: Regional simulations of building response20
Capturing epistemic uncertainty in site response20
Nonlinear site amplification model for ergodic seismic hazard analysis in Central and Eastern North America20
G-DIF: A geospatial data integration framework to rapidly estimate post-earthquake damage19
The 2018 national seismic hazard assessment of Australia: Quantifying hazard changes and model uncertainties19
CPT-based liquefaction case histories compiled from three earthquakes in Canterbury, New Zealand19
Agent-based model for post-earthquake housing recovery19
Fragility functions and behavior factors estimation of multi-story cross-laminated timber structures characterized by an energy-dependent hysteretic model19
Hybrid broadband ground motion simulation validation of small magnitude earthquakes in Canterbury, New Zealand19
Influence of intensity measure selection on simulation-based regional seismic risk assessment18
Multi-level conditional spectrum-based record selection for IDA18
Re-thinking site amplification in regional seismic risk assessment18
Rapid earthquake loss assessment based on machine learning and representative sampling17
An updated database for ground motion parameters for KiK-net records17
Assessment Supporting the Use of Outcropping Rock Evolutionary Intensity Measures for Prediction of Liquefaction Consequences17
An expert opinion survey on post-hazard restoration of roadways and bridges: Data and key insights17
NGA-Subduction research program16
A framework for operationalizing the assessment of post-earthquake functional recovery of buildings16
Exploring probabilistic seismic risk assessment accounting for seismicity clustering and damage accumulation: Part I. Hazard analysis16
A rational approach to the conversion of FEMA P-58 seismic repair costs to Europe16
A probabilistic seismic hazard model for Mainland China16
Post-earthquake hospital functionality evaluation: The case of Kumamoto Earthquake 201615
Quantification of the Influence of Deep Basin Effects on Structural Collapse Using SCEC CyberShake Earthquake Ground Motion Simulations15
How well can we predict earthquake site response so far? Site-specific approaches15
Probabilistic seismic risk assessment of India15
Two-stage nonlinear site amplification modeling for Japan withVS30and fundamental frequency dependency15
Potential impact of earthquakes during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic15
Ground motion prediction equations for significant duration using the KiK-net database15
A horizontal ground-motion model for crustal and subduction earthquakes in Taiwan15
INSSEPT: An open-source relational database of seismic performance estimation to aid with early design of buildings15
Exposure forecasting for seismic risk estimation: Application to Costa Rica14
An analytical framework to assess earthquake-induced downtime and model recovery of buildings14
An H/V geostatistical approach for building pseudo-3D Vs models to account for spatial variability in ground response analyses Part II: Application to 1D analyses at two downhole array sites14
Performance group weighting factors for rapid seismic loss estimation of buildings of different usage14
Response spectral matching of horizontal ground motion components to an orientation-independent spectrum (RotDnn)14
Damage assessment and seismic behavior of steel buildings during the Mexico earthquake of 19 September 201714
Effects of Business Recovery Strategies on Seismic Risk and Cost-Effectiveness of Structural Retrofitting for Business Enterprises14
Toward functional recovery performance in the seismic design of modern tall buildings13
A database of seismic designs, nonlinear models, and seismic responses for steel moment-resisting frame buildings13
Variable resolution probabilistic modeling of residential exposure and vulnerability for risk applications13
Incorporating societal expectations into seismic performance objectives in building codes13
Earthquake evacuation simulation of multi-story buildings during earthquakes13
Probabilistic seismic hazard assessment for Taiwan: TEM PSHA202013
Ground motion prediction equation for Taiwan subduction zone earthquakes13
Database of rocking shallow foundation performance: Slow-cyclic and monotonic loading13
Simulating the shake table response of unreinforced masonry cavity wall structures tested to collapse or near-collapse conditions13
Empirical damage and liquefaction fragility curves from 2012 Emilia earthquake data13
An H/V geostatistical approach for building pseudo-3D Vs models to account for spatial variability in ground response analyses Part I: Model development13
Seismic Fragilities of High-Voltage Substation Disconnect Switches13
The quest for resilience: The Chilean practice of seismic design for reinforced concrete buildings12
Story loss functions for seismic design and assessment: Development of tools and application12
The US Geological Survey ground failure product: Near-real-time estimates of earthquake-triggered landslides and liquefaction12
A domestic earthquake impact alert protocol based on the combined USGS PAGER and FEMA Hazus loss estimation systems12
Intensity-based demand and capacity factor design: A visual format for safety checking12
Correlations of spectral accelerations in the Chilean subduction zone12
Effect of skew on the minimum support length requirements of single-span bridges with seat-type abutments11
A database of test results from steel and reinforced concrete infilled frame experiments11
NGA-Sub source and path database11
Post-earthquake assessment of moderately damaged reinforced concrete plastic hinges11
Assessing post-disaster recovery using sentiment analysis: The case of L’Aquila, Italy11
Design strategies to achieve target collapse risks for reinforced concrete wall buildings in sedimentary basins11
Isolating the effect of ground-motion duration on structural damage and collapse of steel frame buildings10
Numerical implementation of variable friction sliding base isolators and preliminary experimental results10
Building Structural Systems in Christchurch's Post-Earthquake Reconstruction10
Significance of site natural period effects for linear site amplification in central and eastern North America: Empirical and simulation-based models10
Household adjustment to seismicity in Oklahoma10
The SAFER geodatabase for the Kathmandu valley: Bayesian kriging for data-scarce regions10
Ductile iron pipeline response to earthquake-induced ground rupture10
Comparison of traditional vs low-damage structural and non-structural building systems through a cost/performance-based evaluation10
Simulation-based site amplification model for shallow bedrock sites in Korea10
Modeling nonlinear site effects in physics-based ground motion simulations of the 2010–2011 Canterbury earthquake sequence10
Selecting, scaling, and orienting three components of ground motions for intensity-based assessments at far-field sites10
Statistical analysis of earthquake debris extent from wood-frame buildings and its use in road networks in Japan10
Seismic performance of squat thin reinforced concrete walls for low-rise constructions10
The SAFER geodatabase for the Kathmandu Valley: Geotechnical and geological variability10
Patterns of earthquake-related mortality at a whole-country level: New Zealand, 1840–20179
Multi-hazard parametric catastrophe bond trigger design for subduction earthquakes and tsunamis9
Exploring probabilistic seismic risk assessment accounting for seismicity clustering and damage accumulation: Part II. Risk analysis9
Response study of the tallest California building inferred from the Mw7.1 Ridgecrest, California earthquake of 5 July 2019 and ambient motions9
Intensity and damage statistics of the September 19, 2017 Mexico earthquake: Influence of soft story and corner asymmetry on the damage reported during the earthquake9
Data-driven seismic response prediction of structural components9
Implementing horizontal-to-vertical Fourier spectral ratios and spatial correlation in a ground-motion prediction equation to predict site effects9
A relational database to support post-earthquake building damage and recovery assessment9
Seismic risk assessment for the residential buildings of the major three cities in Colombia: Bogotá, Medellín, and Cali9
An exploration of the use of machine learning to predict lateral spreading8
Scaling relations between seismic moment and rupture area of earthquakes in stable continental regions8
Simulation Framework for Infilled RC Frames Subjected to Seismic Loads8
Efficiency of ground motion intensity measures with earthquake-induced earth dam deformations8
Influence of ground motion duration on the dynamic deformation capacity of reinforced concrete frame structures8
Ground motion prediction equation for crustal earthquakes in Taiwan8
Proposed methodology for estimating the magnitude at which subduction megathrust ground motions and source dimensions exhibit a break in magnitude scaling: Example for 79 global subduction zones8
Should we build better? The case for resilient earthquake design in the United States8
Efficient intensity measures and machine learning algorithms for collapse prediction of tall buildings informed by SCEC CyberShake ground motion simulations8
Response of Mid-Rise Reinforced Concrete Frame Buildings to the 2017 Puebla Earthquake8
Seismic gap between buildings founded on different soil types experiencing pounding during earthquakes8
The 2018 update of the US National Seismic Hazard Model: Ground motion models in the western US8
Data set from shake table tests of free-standing rocking bodies8
Site parameters applied in NGA-Sub database8
Multi-method site characterization to verify the hard rock (Site Class A) assumption at 25 seismograph stations across Eastern Canada7
California Ground Motion Vertical Array Database7
Numerical prediction of settlement due to the Pohang earthquake7
Summary of the Abrahamson and Gulerce NGA-SUB ground-motion model for subduction earthquakes7
Modulus reductions of dam embankment materials based on downhole array time series7
Correlation of spectral acceleration values of vertical and horizontal ground motion pairs7
Multi-criteria decision-making approach for optimal seismic/energy retrofitting of existing buildings7
The 1-D and 2-D Seismic Modeling of Deep Quaternary Basin (Downtown L'Aquila, Central Italy)7
An agent-based financing model for post-earthquake housing recovery: Quantifying recovery inequalities across income groups7
Forensic PSHA: Benchmarking Canada’s Fifth Generation seismic hazard model using the OpenQuake-engine7
Magnitude thresholds and spatial footprints of damage from induced earthquakes7
Ground motion prediction equations for Arias Intensity using the Kik-net database7
The search for hard-rock kappa (κ) in NGA-East: A semi-automated method for large, challenging datasets in stable continental regions7
Modeling spatial cross-correlation of multiple ground motion intensity measures (SAs, PGA, PGV, Ia, CAV, and significant durations) based on principal component and geostatistical analyses7
Probabilistic seismic hazard analysis model for the Philippines7
Strength resistance factors for seismic design of exposed based plate connections in special steel moment resisting frames7
Significance of Ground Motion Scaling Parameters on Amplitude of Scale Factors and Seismic Response of Short- and Long-Period Structures7
Modeling housing recovery after the 2018 Lombok earthquakes using a stochastic queuing model7
Three-dimensional nonlinear response history analyses for earthquake damage assessment: A reinforced concrete wall building case study7
A probabilistic design method to achieve targeted levels of reliability for seismically isolated structures7
A fragility-oriented approach for seismic retrofit design7
Time-dependent seismic hazard and risk due to wastewater injection in Oklahoma7
Ground-motion models for Vrancea intermediate-depth earthquakes7
A procedure for matching the near-fault ground motions based on spectral accelerations and instantaneous power6
Effect of bidirectional excitation on seismic performance of regular RC frame buildings designed for modern codes6
Seismic loss analysis of buildings with post-tensioned cross-laminated timber walls6
The disaster resilience value of shared rooftop solar systems in residential communities6
The total costs of seismic retrofits: State of the art6
From information to public preparedness in the Cascadia Subduction Zone: Examining risk communication outcomes in Metropolitan Portland, OR6
Probabilistic performance-based seismic assessment of an existing masonry building6
A mixed-mode data collection approach for building inventory development: Application to school buildings in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia6
Selection of random vibration theory procedures for the NGA-East project and ground-motion modeling6
Wellington’s earthquake resilience: Lessons from the 2016 Kaikōura earthquake6
A Neural Network for Automated Quality Screening of Ground Motion Records from Small Magnitude Earthquakes6
Cause and level of treatment of injuries from earthquake damage to commercial buildings in New Zealand6
Observations of Rayleigh waves in Mexico City Valley during the 19 September 2017 Puebla–Morelos, Mexico earthquake6
“q-NAVI”: A case of market-based implementation of structural health monitoring in Japan6
Constant-ductility energy factors of SDOF systems subjected to mainshock–aftershock sequences6
Steel flexure and shear yielding base-mechanism for enhanced seismic resilience of RC core wall high-rise structures6
The Estimated Carbon Cost of Concrete Building Demolitions following the Canterbury Earthquake Sequence6
An efficient algorithm to simulate hazard-targeted site-based synthetic ground motions6
Conducting 1D site response analyses to capture 2D VS spatial variability effects6
Testing machine learning models for seismic damage prediction at a regional scale using building-damage dataset compiled after the 2015 Gorkha Nepal earthquake6
Dataset from the shake table tests of a rocking podium structure6
Relational database used for ground-motion model development in the NGA-sub project6
Host-region parameters for an adjustable model for crustal earthquakes to facilitate the implementation of the backbone approach to building ground-motion logic trees in probabilistic seismic hazard a6
Ground motions in urban Los Angeles from the 2019 Ridgecrest earthquake sequence6
Adoption of seismic-resistant techniques in reconstructed housing in the aftermath of Nepal’s 2015 Gorkha earthquake5
Spectral matching RotD100 target spectra: Effect on records characteristics and seismic response5
Estimating lifeline resilience factors using post-disaster business recovery data5
Toward a uniform earthquake loss model across Central America5
Undrained seismic bearing capacity of strip footings horizontally embedded in two-layered slopes5
The Behavior of the Salesforce Tower, the Tallest Building in San Francisco, California Inferred from Earthquake and Ambient Shaking5
Performance of flexible frame building with horizontal and 3D seismic isolation when subjected to 3D ground shaking5
Observed damage in public school buildings during the 2017 Mexico earthquakes5
Merging data and experts’ knowledge-based weights for ranking GMPEs5
Probabilistic seismic hazard assessments for Northern Southeast Asia (Indochina): Smooth seismicity approach5
A Texas-specific VS30 map incorporating geology and VS30 observations5
A subset of CyberShake ground-motion time series for response-history analysis5
Simulation and analysis of a vertically irregular building subjected to near-fault ground motions5
Development of NGA-Sub ground-motion prediction equation of 5%-damped pseudo-spectral acceleration based on database of subduction earthquakes in Japan5
Can geotechnical liquefaction indices serve as predictors of foundation settlement?5
2021 US National Seismic Hazard Model for the State of Hawaii5
Seismic assessment of reinforced concrete columns with short lap splices5
ATC Mw7.1 Puebla-Morelos earthquake reconnaissance observations: Structural observations and instrumentation5
2D Geotechnical site-response analysis including soil heterogeneity and wave scattering5
A predictive modeling approach to estimating seismic retrofit costs5
Updated ground motion prediction model for Mexican intermediate-depth intraslab earthquakes includingV/Hratios5
Quantifying nuisance ground motion thresholds for induced earthquakes5
Assessment of the seismic safety of school buildings in Mexico: A first look5
An efficient Bayesian framework for updating PAGER loss estimates5
Seismic fragility of bridges: An approach coupling multiple-stripe analysis and Gaussian mixture for multicomponent structures5
The interpretation of cumulative damage from the building response observed in Mexico City during the 19 September 2017 earthquake5
Induced earthquake damage assessment methodology for potential hydraulic fracturing sites: Application to Manaus, Brazil5
A stochastic model for time series prediction of the number of post-earthquake fire ignitions in buildings based on the ignition record for the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake5
E-Cloud: Efficient seismic fragility assessment of structures based on enhanced cloud analysis5
Seismic performance improvement of ±800 kV UHV DC wall busing using friction ring spring dampers4
A mathematical form of probabilistic vulnerability model for loss and casualty ratios4
Site response of sedimentary basins and other geomorphic provinces in southern California4
Assessing the value of removing earthquake-hazard-related epistemic uncertainties, exemplified using average annual loss in California4
Seismic failure of an old pier during the 2014 Mw8.2, Pisagua, Chile earthquake4
New conditional, scenario-based, and non-conditional cumulative absolute velocity models for subduction tectonic settings4
On the feasibility of IoT-based smart meters for earthquake early warning4
Seismic collapse performance of steel special moment frames designed using different analysis methods4
A suite of ground motion prediction equations for cumulative absolute velocity in shallow crustal earthquakes including epistemic uncertainty4
An archive of data from resonant column and cyclic torsional shear tests performed on Italian clays4
Identification of optimal ground-motion intensity measures for assessing liquefaction triggering and lateral displacement of liquefiable sloping grounds4
A Geotechnical Database for Utah (GeoDU) enabling quantification of geotechnical properties of surficial geologic units for geohazard assessments4
Proposal of orientation-independent measure of intensity for earthquake-resistant design4
NGA-East ground-motion characterization model Part II: Implementation and hazard implications4
Impact of partially non-ergodic site-specific probabilistic seismic hazard on risk assessment of single buildings4
Probabilistic seismic risk assessment for the Eastern Himalayas, China4
The effect of spectral shape on damping modification factors4
Damping modification factors for the design of seismic isolation systems in Peru4
Testing of URM wall-to-diaphragm through-bolt plate anchor connections4
Impacts of the 2018 M7.1 Anchorage earthquake on schools4
Fragility-based methodology for evaluating the time-dependent seismic performance of post-tensioned timber frames4
Experimental testing on nonstructural continuous plasterboard suspended ceiling systems under shake table-generated motions4
RESPONSE TO Discussion of “What is the smallest earthquake magnitude that needs to be considered in assessing liquefaction hazard?” by Roger MW Musson4
Ground-motion model for subduction earthquakes in northern South America4
Improvement of the polyurethane spring isolation device for HV post insulators and its evaluation by fragility curves4
Risk-targeted alternatives to deterministic ground motion caps in U.S. seismic provisions3
Impact of ground-motion duration on nonlinear structural performance: Part I: spectrally equivalent records and inelastic single-degree-of-freedom systems3
A procedure to develop a backbone ground-motion model: A case study for its implementation3
Indicators of improvements in seismic performance possible through retrofit of reinforced concrete frame buildings3
Cyclic Pushover Method for Seismic Assessment under Multiple Earthquakes3
Effects of long-period processing on structural collapse predictions3
Post-earthquake cordons and their implications3
Study on normalization of residual displacements for single-degree-of-freedom systems3
Development of a companion questionnaire for “Did You Feel It?”: Assessing response in earthquakes where an earthquake early warning may have been received3
A ground-motion prediction model for small-to-moderate induced earthquakes for Central and Eastern United States3
The 2018 update of the US National Seismic Hazard Model: Additional period and site class data3
Observations about the seismic response of RC buildings in Mexico City3
Tunnel performance during the Puebla-Mexico 19 September 2017 earthquake3
Centrifuge testing of soil–structure interaction effects on cyclic failure potential of fine-grained soil3
Post-earthquake fast damage assessment using residual displacement and seismic energy: Application to Mexico City3
A comparative study of seismic analysis, design, and collapse safety margins of tall buildings in the United States and Japan: Part II: comparison of seismic capacity and collapse safety margin3
Monitoring of a rehabilitated building in soft soil in Mexico and structural response to September 2017 earthquakes: Part 2: Numerical simulation3
DISCUSSION OF “What is the smallest earthquake magnitude that needs to be considered in assessing liquefaction hazard?”: By R. A. Green and J. J. Bommer, Earthquake Spectra, vol. 35, no. 3 (Mar3
Seismic characterization of steel special moment frames subjected to megathrust earthquakes3
The 2018 update of the US National Seismic Hazard Model: Ground motion models in the central and eastern US3
Chilean liquefaction case history database3
The effect of soil nonlinearity on high-frequency spectral decay and implications for site response analysis3
Performance of externally bonded fiber-reinforced polymer retrofits in the 2018 Cook Inlet Earthquake in Anchorage, Alaska3
Comparisons of the NGA-Subduction ground motion models3
Estimating epistemic uncertainty in soil parameters for nonlinear site response analyses: Introducing the Latin Hypercube Sampling technique3
The role of risk measures in making seismic upgrading decisions3
Seismic performance of UHV composite post electrical equipment interconnected using a rigid bus with a sliding fitting3
Database on seismic response of instrumented flood control levees3
Spectral damping scaling factors for horizontal components of ground motions from subduction earthquakes using NGA-Subduction data3
Seismic rehabilitation of concrete buildings after the 1985 and 2017 earthquakes in Mexico City3
Rocking response of liquid-filled cylindrical tanks3
How well can we predict earthquake site response so far? Machine learning vs physics-based modeling3
Experimental study on seismic performance of strengthening masonry wall using hybrid fiber-reinforced reactive powder concrete3
Shear-wave velocity measurements and their uncertainties at six industrial sites3
Local residents’ immediate responses to the 2018 Indonesia earthquake and tsunami3
A database of ground motion recordings, site profiles, and amplification factors from the Groningen gas field in the Netherlands3
High-resolution post-earthquake recovery simulation: Impact of safety cordons3
The 2018 update of the US National Seismic Hazard Model: Where, why, and how much probabilistic ground motion maps changed3
Site-specific adjustment framework for incremental dynamic analysis (SAF-IDA)3
Shake table tests of seven-story reinforced concrete structures with torsional irregularities: Test program and datasets3
Vertical ground-motion prediction equation and the vertical-to-horizontal spectral ratio for crustal earthquakes in Taiwan3
Empirical Data about Direct Economic Consequences of Emilia-Romagna 2012 Earthquake on Long-Span-Beam Buildings3
Evolution of seismic design codes of highway bridges in Chile3
A near-real-time model for estimating probability of road obstruction due to earthquake-triggered landslides3
Surface Faulting and Ground Deformation: Considerations on Their Lower Detectable Limit and on FDHA for Nuclear Installations3
Geotechnical lessons from the Mw 7.1 2018 Anchorage Alaska earthquake3
Ergodic site response model for subduction zone regions3