Nature Ecology & Evolution

(The median citation count of Nature Ecology & Evolution is 4. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 250 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2020-02-01 to 2024-02-01.)
Multiple elements of soil biodiversity drive ecosystem functions across biomes505
COVID-19 lockdown allows researchers to quantify the effects of human activity on wildlife358
Species better track climate warming in the oceans than on land319
Impacts of multiple stressors on freshwater biota across spatial scales and ecosystems314
Strength of species interactions determines biodiversity and stability in microbial communities267
Deeply conserved synteny resolves early events in vertebrate evolution217
The Brazilian Amazon deforestation rate in 2020 is the greatest of the decade205
Impact of 2019–2020 mega-fires on Australian fauna habitat190
A meta-analysis of biological impacts of artificial light at night184
Decoloniality and anti-oppressive practices for a more ethical ecology174
Conserving Africa’s wildlife and wildlands through the COVID-19 crisis and beyond160
A global-scale expert assessment of drivers and risks associated with pollinator decline157
Short-range interactions govern the dynamics and functions of microbial communities156
The sterlet sturgeon genome sequence and the mechanisms of segmental rediploidization145
Temperature-related biodiversity change across temperate marine and terrestrial systems139
Thresholds for ecological responses to global change do not emerge from empirical data139
Mapping the deforestation footprint of nations reveals growing threat to tropical forests138
Ecological variables for developing a global deep-ocean monitoring and conservation strategy136
A hydrogen-dependent geochemical analogue of primordial carbon and energy metabolism132
Areas of global importance for conserving terrestrial biodiversity, carbon and water127
Complex long-term biodiversity change among invertebrates, bryophytes and lichens125
Polarization of microbial communities between competitive and cooperative metabolism123
Ensuring effective implementation of the post-2020 global biodiversity targets123
The delayed and geographically heterogeneous diversification of flowering plant families122
No net insect abundance and diversity declines across US Long Term Ecological Research sites121
Global forest restoration and the importance of prioritizing local communities120
Why conservation biology can benefit from sensory ecology120
Temporal trade-off between gymnosperm resistance and resilience increases forest sensitivity to extreme drought120
Open Science principles for accelerating trait-based science across the Tree of Life117
Microbial transmission in animal social networks and the social microbiome113
Impacts of hypoxic events surpass those of future ocean warming and acidification111
Global targets that reveal the social–ecological interdependencies of sustainable development108
Tropical and Mediterranean biodiversity is disproportionately sensitive to land-use and climate change106
A one-billion-year-old multicellular chlorophyte103
The long-term restoration of ecosystem complexity103
Behavioural plasticity is associated with reduced extinction risk in birds100
Plant traits alone are poor predictors of ecosystem properties and long-term ecosystem functioning100
Integrated ocean management for a sustainable ocean economy95
Impacts of wildlife trade on terrestrial biodiversity93
Metagenome-wide association analysis identifies microbial determinants of post-antibiotic ecological recovery in the gut93
Priority list of biodiversity metrics to observe from space92
Fish body sizes change with temperature but not all species shrink with warming90
Parallel selection on thermal physiology facilitates repeated adaptation of city lizards to urban heat islands88
Conserving intraspecific variation for nature’s contributions to people88
The spread of steppe and Iranian-related ancestry in the islands of the western Mediterranean86
A guide to ecosystem models and their environmental applications85
The results of biodiversity–ecosystem functioning experiments are realistic85
Widespread patterns of gene loss in the evolution of the animal kingdom84
Conservation needs to break free from global priority mapping83
A 14C chronology for the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition at Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria83
Eight problems with literature reviews and how to fix them83
Human disturbance causes widespread disruption of animal movement82
Palaeoclimate ocean conditions shaped the evolution of corals and their skeletons through deep time82
ACE2 receptor usage reveals variation in susceptibility to SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 infection among bat species80
Dairy pastoralism sustained eastern Eurasian steppe populations for 5,000 years80
Exacerbated drought impacts on global ecosystems due to structural overshoot80
Climatic and soil factors explain the two-dimensional spectrum of global plant trait variation78
Functional diversity effects on productivity increase with age in a forest biodiversity experiment78
Balancing selection maintains hyper-divergent haplotypes in Caenorhabditis elegans77
The global distribution and environmental drivers of aboveground versus belowground plant biomass77
Dissimilation of synonymous codon usage bias in virus–host coevolution due to translational selection75
The genome of Prasinoderma coloniale unveils the existence of a third phylum within green plants74
Global opportunities and challenges for transboundary conservation74
Biogeography of marine giant viruses reveals their interplay with eukaryotes and ecological functions73
Integrating remote sensing with ecology and evolution to advance biodiversity conservation72
Colonial history and global economics distort our understanding of deep-time biodiversity72
Phylogenetic analyses with systematic taxon sampling show that mitochondria branch within Alphaproteobacteria69
Drivers of seedling establishment success in dryland restoration efforts69
Using the IUCN Red List to map threats to terrestrial vertebrates at global scale68
An earlier start of the thermal growing season enhances tree growth in cold humid areas but not in dry areas68
Emergence of human-adapted Salmonella enterica is linked to the Neolithization process68
Heterogeneity–diversity relationships differ between and within trophic levels in temperate forests67
Dominant bee species and floral abundance drive parasite temporal dynamics in plant-pollinator communities67
A genome sequence from a modern human skull over 45,000 years old from Zlatý kůň in Czechia66
The evolution of oxygen-utilizing enzymes suggests early biosphere oxygenation66
On the causes of geographically heterogeneous parallel evolution in sticklebacks65
Mobilizing the past to shape a better Anthropocene65
Improve forest restoration initiatives to meet Sustainable Development Goal 1565
Phylotype diversity within soil fungal functional groups drives ecosystem stability65
Ecological scaffolding and the evolution of individuality64
The island rule explains consistent patterns of body size evolution in terrestrial vertebrates64
Recent Australian wildfires made worse by logging and associated forest management64
Safe fieldwork strategies for at-risk individuals, their supervisors and institutions64
Monolingual searches can limit and bias results in global literature reviews63
Scientific foundations for an ecosystem goal, milestones and indicators for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework63
Enhanced habitat loss of the Himalayan endemic flora driven by warming-forced upslope tree expansion62
Somatic genetic drift and multilevel selection in a clonal seagrass61
The emergence of the brain non-CpG methylation system in vertebrates61
Resource–diversity relationships in bacterial communities reflect the network structure of microbial metabolism60
Metamorphosis shapes cranial diversity and rate of evolution in salamanders58
The balance of interaction types determines the assembly and stability of ecological communities58
Fossil data support a pre-Cretaceous origin of flowering plants57
Shortfalls and opportunities in terrestrial vertebrate species discovery57
Timing the origin of eukaryotic cellular complexity with ancient duplications57
The evolution of niche overlap and competitive differences56
Root traits explain plant species distributions along climatic gradients yet challenge the nature of ecological trade-offs56
Replacements of small- by large-ranged species scale up to diversity loss in Europe’s temperate forest biome56
Biodiversity increases ecosystem functions despite multiple stressors on coral reefs55
The Y chromosome may contribute to sex-specific ageing in Drosophila55
Glacial ecosystems are essential to understanding biodiversity responses to glacier retreat55
A metric for spatially explicit contributions to science-based species targets55
A unifying framework for studying and managing climate-driven rates of ecological change55
The evolutionary genomics of species’ responses to climate change54
Gradual evolution of allopolyploidy in Arabidopsis suecica54
A forest loss report card for the world’s protected areas53
Coevolution of host–plasmid pairs facilitates the emergence of novel multidrug resistance53
The consequences of craniofacial integration for the adaptive radiations of Darwin’s finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers53
Global biogeography of marine dispersal potential52
Obligate cross-feeding expands the metabolic niche of bacteria52
Evolutionary origins of genomic adaptations in an invasive copepod51
Engineering complex communities by directed evolution51
Genome-wide analysis of the Firmicutes illuminates the diderm/monoderm transition51
Metabolomic signatures of coral bleaching history51
Agricultural management and pesticide use reduce the functioning of beneficial plant symbionts50
Refocusing multiple stressor research around the targets and scales of ecological impacts50
Integrating agroecological production in a robust post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework50
A policy-driven framework for conserving the best of Earth’s remaining moist tropical forests49
Ecological and evolutionary approaches to improving crop variety mixtures49
Ten recent insights for our understanding of cooperation49
Conservative route to genome compaction in a miniature annelid49
Soil-microorganism-mediated invasional meltdown in plants49
Correlational selection in the age of genomics48
A theoretical analysis of tumour containment48
A geometric basis for surface habitat complexity and biodiversity47
Climatic-niche evolution follows similar rules in plants and animals46
Adaptation to low parasite abundance affects immune investment and immunopathological responses of cavefish46
Eukaryogenesis and oxygen in Earth history46
Maximum levels of global phylogenetic diversity efficiently capture plant services for humankind46
Individual species provide multifaceted contributions to the stability of ecosystems45
Help restore Brazil’s governance of globally important ecosystem services45
Knockout of crustacean leg patterning genes suggests that insect wings and body walls evolved from ancient leg segments45
Ecological modelling approaches for predicting emergent properties in microbial communities45
Idiosyncratic epistasis creates universals in mutational effects and evolutionary trajectories44
Selection of metastasis competent subclones in the tumour interior44
Recreating Wakanda by promoting Black excellence in ecology and evolution44
Urban biodiversity management using evolutionary tools44
Site-and-branch-heterogeneous analyses of an expanded dataset favour mitochondria as sister to known Alphaproteobacteria44
Strengthening the evidence base for temperature-mediated phenological asynchrony and its impacts44
The evolutionary origin of visual and somatosensory representation in the vertebrate pallium43
A decade to study deep-sea life43
Limited protection and ongoing loss of tropical cloud forest biodiversity and ecosystems worldwide43
Temperature thresholds of ecosystem respiration at a global scale43
Anti-racist interventions to transform ecology, evolution and conservation biology departments42
Antagonistic pleiotropy conceals molecular adaptations in changing environments42
Chance and necessity in the pleiotropic consequences of adaptation for budding yeast42
Hybridization and introgression drive genome evolution of Dutch elm disease pathogens42
Divergent evolutionary trajectories of bryophytes and tracheophytes from a complex common ancestor of land plants42
Metabolic fitness landscapes predict the evolution of antibiotic resistance42
The severity and extent of the Australia 2019–20 Eucalyptus forest fires are not the legacy of forest management42
Facilitative priority effects drive parasite assembly under coinfection41
Determinants of genetic variation across eco-evolutionary scales in pinnipeds41
Biodiversity increases multitrophic energy use efficiency, flow and storage in grasslands41
Using ecological coexistence theory to understand antibiotic resistance and microbial competition41
Academic leaders must support inclusive scientific communities during COVID-1941
Commensal Pseudomonas strains facilitate protective response against pathogens in the host plant41
Coexistence of nestedness and modularity in host–pathogen infection networks40
Spatial structure governs the mode of tumour evolution40
Community rescue in experimental phytoplankton communities facing severe herbicide pollution40
Supergene origin and maintenance in Atlantic cod40
Empirical support for the biogeochemical niche hypothesis in forest trees40
Decadal changes in fire frequencies shift tree communities and functional traits39
Mutation load is the spectre of species conservation39
Ecological pest control fortifies agricultural growth in Asia–Pacific economies38
Retreat of large carnivores across the giant panda distribution range38
Species distribution models are inappropriate for COVID-1938
Chromosomal barcoding of E. coli populations reveals lineage diversity dynamics at high resolution38
A new ecosystem for evidence synthesis38
Conservation needs to integrate knowledge across scales37
A global horizon scan of the future impacts of robotics and autonomous systems on urban ecosystems37
Prolonged morphological expansion of spiny-rayed fishes following the end-Cretaceous37
Echolocation at high intensity imposes metabolic costs on flying bats37
Management implications of long transients in ecological systems37
Regionalization of the axial skeleton predates functional adaptation in the forerunners of mammals37
Spontaneous cell fusions as a mechanism of parasexual recombination in tumour cell populations37
The position of Australopithecus sediba within fossil hominin hand use diversity37
Heterogeneous relationships between rates of speciation and body size evolution across vertebrate clades37
Urgent need for an integrated policy framework for biodiversity loss and climate change36
Meta-analysis reveals that animal sexual signalling behaviour is honest and resource based36
Male swarming aggregation pheromones increase female attraction and mating success among multiple African malaria vector mosquito species35
Habitat loss and range shifts contribute to ecological generalization among reef fishes35
Fertilization mode drives sperm length evolution across the animal tree of life35
A farmland biodiversity strategy is needed for China35
Developmental cost theory predicts thermal environment and vulnerability to global warming35
Evolutionary transcriptomics of metazoan biphasic life cycle supports a single intercalation origin of metazoan larvae34
Detecting signatures of selection on gene expression34
Meta-analysis shows that plant mixtures increase soil phosphorus availability and plant productivity in diverse ecosystems34
Chaos is not rare in natural ecosystems34
Intercontinental genomic parallelism in multiple three-spined stickleback adaptive radiations34
Concerted genomic and epigenomic changes accompany stabilization of Arabidopsis allopolyploids34
Selection against archaic hominin genetic variation in regulatory regions34
Strategies and support for Black, Indigenous, and people of colour in ecology and evolutionary biology33
Speleothem record attests to stable environmental conditions during Neanderthal–modern human turnover in southern Italy33
The genome of Nautilus pompilius illuminates eye evolution and biomineralization33
Evolution of coastal forests based on a full set of mangrove genomes33
A 300,000-year-old throwing stick from Schöningen, northern Germany, documents the evolution of human hunting33
Algal origin of sponge sterane biomarkers negates the oldest evidence for animals in the rock record33
Endochondral bone in an Early Devonian ‘placoderm’ from Mongolia33
Higher temperatures generically favour slower-growing bacterial species in multispecies communities33
Changes in climate drive recent monarch butterfly dynamics33
Palaeoecological data indicates land-use changes across Europe linked to spatial heterogeneity in mortality during the Black Death pandemic32
Neanderthal introgression reintroduced functional ancestral alleles lost in Eurasian populations31
Bottleneck size and selection level reproducibly impact evolution of antibiotic resistance31
Host use diversification during range shifts shapes global variation in Lepidopteran dietary breadth31
Species richness is more important for ecosystem functioning than species turnover along an elevational gradient31
Vibrational modes of water predict spectral niches for photosynthesis in lakes and oceans31
Studies of insect temporal trends must account for the complex sampling histories inherent to many long-term monitoring efforts31
Rapid evolutionary dynamics of an expanding family of meiotic drive factors and their hpRNA suppressors31
Epimutations driven by small RNAs arise frequently but most have limited duration in Caenorhabditis elegans31
Mapping the planet’s critical natural assets31
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands at 5031
The need for an evolutionary approach to ecotoxicology31
Migratory strategy drives species-level variation in bird sensitivity to vegetation green-up30
Remote spectral detection of biodiversity effects on forest biomass30
Global predictors of language endangerment and the future of linguistic diversity30
Forest degradation drives widespread avian habitat and population declines30
Intra- and interpopulation transposition of mobile genetic elements driven by antibiotic selection30
Satellite DNA-mediated diversification of a sex-ratio meiotic drive gene family in Drosophila30
The population sizes and global extinction risk of reef-building coral species at biogeographic scales30
Species multidimensional effects explain idiosyncratic responses of communities to environmental change30
Animals, protists and bacteria share marine biogeographic patterns30
Ecological network complexity scales with area29
Soil biodiversity supports the delivery of multiple ecosystem functions in urban greenspaces29
Natural selection for imprecise vertical transmission in host–microbiota systems29
Gene expression dynamics during rapid organismal diversification in African cichlid fishes29
Predation risk constrains herbivores’ adaptive capacity to warming28
Lockdowns due to COVID-19 threaten PhD students’ and early-career researchers’ careers28
Include biodiversity representation indicators in area-based conservation targets28
Stromal reactivity differentially drives tumour cell evolution and prostate cancer progression28
Complexity–stability trade-off in empirical microbial ecosystems27
Extreme Y chromosome polymorphism corresponds to five male reproductive morphs of a freshwater fish27
Improving sex and gender identity equity and inclusion at conservation and ecology conferences27
Neanderthals and Homo sapiens had similar auditory and speech capacities27
Molecular mechanisms of mutualistic and antagonistic interactions in a plant–pollinator association27
Guidelines for healthy global scientific collaborations27
Genome-wide analyses of introgression between two sympatric Asian oak species27
Widespread Denisovan ancestry in Island Southeast Asia but no evidence of substantial super-archaic hominin admixture27
Biodiversity scientists must fight the creeping rise of extinction denial27
Field experiments underestimate aboveground biomass response to drought27
Two sets of candidate crustacean wing homologues and their implication for the origin of insect wings26
Host diversity slows bacteriophage adaptation by selecting generalists over specialists26
Group formation and the evolutionary pathway to complex sociality in birds26
Positive citation bias and overinterpreted results lead to misinformation on common mycorrhizal networks in forests26
A 51,000-year-old engraved bone reveals Neanderthals’ capacity for symbolic behaviour26
Evolution of an inferior competitor increases resistance to biological invasion25
Population size mediates the contribution of high-rate and large-benefit mutations to parallel evolution25
Improving pesticide-use data for the EU25
Domestication reprogrammed the budding yeast life cycle25
Gene amplification as a form of population-level gene expression regulation25
Drimolen cranium DNH 155 documents microevolution in an early hominin species25
Plasmids do not consistently stabilize cooperation across bacteria but may promote broad pathogen host-range25