Soft Robotics

(The median citation count of Soft Robotics is 7. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 500 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2019-08-01 to 2023-08-01.)
Soft Robotics in Minimally Invasive Surgery243
Octopus Arm-Inspired Tapered Soft Actuators with Suckers for Improved Grasping128
A Geometrically Exact Model for Soft Continuum Robots: The Finite Element Deformation Space Formulation119
Magnetically Actuated Soft Capsule Endoscope for Fine-Needle Biopsy101
Fully Wearable Actuated Soft Exoskeleton for Grasping Assistance in Everyday Activities91
Toward a Common Framework and Database of Materials for Soft Robotics89
A Fully Multi-Material Three-Dimensional Printed Soft Gripper with Variable Stiffness for Robust Grasping88
Closed-Loop Haptic Feedback Control Using a Self-Sensing Soft Pneumatic Actuator Skin82
Fluidic Fabric Muscle Sheets for Wearable and Soft Robotics82
A Versatile Soft Crawling Robot with Rapid Locomotion79
Novel Bending and Helical Extensile/Contractile Pneumatic Artificial Muscles Inspired by Elephant Trunk74
Fiber Optic Shape Sensing for Soft Robotics73
A Wearable Soft Haptic Communicator Based on Dielectric Elastomer Actuators72
Hybrid Jamming for Bioinspired Soft Robotic Fingers72
Bioinspired Three-Dimensional-Printed Helical Soft Pneumatic Actuators and Their Characterization71
Soft Rod-Climbing Robot Inspired by Winding Locomotion of Snake71
Design, Modeling, and Evaluation of Fabric-Based Pneumatic Actuators for Soft Wearable Assistive Gloves60
Shape Memory Alloy-Based Soft Finger with Changeable Bending Length Using Targeted Variable Stiffness57
Fabrication and Dynamic Modeling of Bidirectional Bending Soft Actuator Integrated with Optical Waveguide Curvature Sensor55
MakeSense: Automated Sensor Design for Proprioceptive Soft Robots54
Electrohydraulic Actuator for a Soft Gripper51
A Machine-Learning-Based Approach to Solve Both Contact Location and Force in Soft Material Tactile Sensors49
An Origami Continuum Robot Capable of Precise Motion Through Torsionally Stiff Body and Smooth Inverse Kinematics49
Harnessing Viscous Flow to Simplify the Actuation of Fluidic Soft Robots48
Swimming Performance of a Tensegrity Robotic Fish46
Sensorized, Flat, Pneumatic Artificial Muscle Embedded with Biomimetic Microfluidic Sensors for Proprioceptive Feedback46
Soft Robots for Ocean Exploration and Offshore Operations: A Perspective43
Additive Manufacturing for Self-Healing Soft Robots42
Adaptive Variable Stiffness Particle Phalange for Robust and Durable Robotic Grasping41
On Planar Discrete Elastic Rod Models for the Locomotion of Soft Robots39
Pneumatically Actuated Soft Gripper with Bistable Structures39
Swimming Performance of the Frog-Inspired Soft Robot39
Interfacing Soft and Hard: A Spring Reinforced Actuator39
Twisted-and-Coiled Actuators with Free Strokes Enable Soft Robots with Programmable Motions38
MagWorm: A Biomimetic Magnet Embedded Worm-Like Soft Robot38
Modal-Based Kinematics and Contact Detection of Soft Robots38
Bio-Inspired Shape-Adaptive Soft Robotic Grippers Augmented with Electroadhesion Functionality38
Laser-Profiled Continuum Robot with Integrated Tension Sensing for Simultaneous Shape and Tip Force Estimation37
Soft and Fast Hopping–Running Robot with Speed of Six Times Its Body Length Per Second37
A Super-Lightweight and Soft Manipulator Driven by Dielectric Elastomers36
Directional Shape Morphing Transparent Walking Soft Robot35
Circular Shell Gripper for Handling Food Products35
Body Wave Generation for Anguilliform Locomotion Using a Fiber-Reinforced Soft Fluidic Elastomer Actuator Array Toward the Development of the Eel-Inspired Underwater Soft Robot34
Novel Accordion-Inspired Foldable Pneumatic Actuators for Knee Assistive Devices34
Fiber Jamming Transition as a Stiffening Mechanism for Soft Robotics33
Phase Changing Materials-Based Variable-Stiffness Tensegrity Structures33
A Deformable Interface for Human Touch Recognition Using Stretchable Carbon Nanotube Dielectric Elastomer Sensors and Deep Neural Networks32
Soft Humanoid Hands with Large Grasping Force Enabled by Flexible Hybrid Pneumatic Actuators31
Harnessing the Multistability of Kresling Origami for Reconfigurable Articulation in Soft Robotic Arms31
Reachability Improvement of a Climbing Robot Based on Large Deformations Induced by Tri-Tube Soft Actuators31
Passive Morphological Adaptation for Obstacle Avoidance in a Self-Growing Robot Produced by Additive Manufacturing31
Multimaterial 3D Printing for Microrobotic Mechanisms31
Untethered Soft Robotics with Fully Integrated Wireless Sensing and Actuating Systems for Somatosensory and Respiratory Functions30
Rolling Locomotion of Cable-Driven Soft Spherical Tensegrity Robots29
A Layer Jamming Actuator for Tunable Stiffness and Shape-Changing Devices29
Analytical Modeling and Design of Generalized Pneu-Net Soft Actuators with Three-Dimensional Deformations29
Texture Discrimination with a Soft Biomimetic Finger Using a Flexible Neuromorphic Tactile Sensor Array That Provides Sensory Feedback28
Design and Computational Modeling of a 3D Printed Pneumatic Toolkit for Soft Robotics28
Lightweight Highly Tunable Jamming-Based Composites27
Designing Fiber-Reinforced Soft Actuators for Planar Curvilinear Shape Matching27
Pre-Programmed Tri-Layer Electro-Thermal Actuators Composed of Shape Memory Polymer and Carbon Nanotubes27
An Underwater Robotic Manipulator with Soft Bladders and Compact Depth-Independent Actuation27
Multimode Grasping Soft Gripper Achieved by Layer Jamming Structure and Tendon-Driven Mechanism27
Photoresponsive Hydrogel Microcrawlers Exploit Friction Hysteresis to Crawl by Reciprocal Actuation26
Unfolding Textile-Based Pneumatic Actuators for Wearable Applications26
Recent Progress of Soft Electrothermal Actuators26
Variable Stiffness Devices Using Fiber Jamming for Application in Soft Robotics and Wearable Haptics26
Toward Task Autonomy in Robotic Cardiac Ablation: Learning-Based Kinematic Control of Soft Tendon-Driven Catheters25
Integration, Sensing, and Control of a Modular Soft-Rigid Pneumatic Lower Limb Exoskeleton25
SoGut: A Soft Robotic Gastric Simulator25
Pneumatic Supply System Parameter Optimization for Soft Actuators25
Exploring Behaviors of Caterpillar-Like Soft Robots with a Central Pattern Generator-Based Controller and Reinforcement Learning25
Modeling and Analysis of Soft Pneumatic Actuator with Symmetrical Chambers Used for Bionic Robotic Fish24
Optimal Design of a Compliant Constant-Force Mechanism to Deliver a Nearly Constant Output Force Over a Range of Input Displacements24
Characteristic Analysis and Design Optimization of Bubble Artificial Muscles24
Patient-Specific Magnetic Catheters for Atraumatic Autonomous Endoscopy24
A Novel Fabric Muscle Based on Shape Memory Alloy Springs24
A Bioinspired Soft Swallowing Robot Based on Compliant Guiding Structure24
A Novel Tendon-Driven Soft Actuator with Self-Pumping Property24
Soft Miniaturized Actuation and Sensing Units for Dynamic Force Control of Cardiac Ablation Catheters23
Twisted Rubber Variable-Stiffness Artificial Muscles23
Mechanoreception for Soft Robots via Intuitive Body Cues23
Single-Input Control of Multiple Fluid-Driven Elastic Actuators via Interaction Between Bistability and Viscosity23
Design and Development of a Growing Pneumatic Soft Robot22
A Soft Ring-Shaped Actuator for Radial Contracting Deformation: Design and Modeling22
Soft Actuators Based on Liquid–Vapor Phase Change Composites22
3D Printing Microactuators for Soft Microrobots22
Position and Force Control of a Soft Pneumatic Actuator21
3D Printed Biomimetic Soft Robot with Multimodal Locomotion and Multifunctionality21
Optical Sensor-Embedded Pneumatic Artificial Muscle for Position and Force Estimation21
Limpet II: A Modular, Untethered Soft Robot21
An Exoneuromusculoskeleton for Self-Help Upper Limb Rehabilitation After Stroke21
Continuum Robotic Caterpillar with Wirelessly Powered Shape Memory Alloy Actuators20
Soft Robotic Pad Maturing for Practical Applications20
Design of a Soft Composite Finger with Adjustable Joint Stiffness20
Twisting and Braiding Fluid-Driven Soft Artificial Muscle Fibers for Robotic Applications20
A Snake-Inspired Layer-Driven Continuum Robot19
Tensegrity Robotics19
Pneumatically Controlled Reconfigurable Bistable Bionic Flower for Robotic Gripper19
Scaling Up Soft Robotics: A Meter-Scale, Modular, and Reconfigurable Soft Robotic System19
A Human-Inspired Soft Finger with Dual-Mode Morphing Enabled by Variable Stiffness Mechanism18
Tendon-Driven Jamming Mechanism for Configurable Variable Stiffness18
Tactile Model O: Fabrication and Testing of a 3D-Printed, Three-Fingered Tactile Robot Hand18
A Bioinspired Soft Swallowing Gripper for Universal Adaptable Grasping18
Global Vision-Based Formation Control of Soft Robotic Fish Swarm18
An Analysis of Peristaltic Locomotion for Maximizing Velocity or Minimizing Cost of Transport of Earthworm-Like Robots18
Recurrent Braiding of Thin McKibben Muscles to Overcome Their Limitation of Contraction18
A Shapeshifting Ferrofluidic Robot17
Closed-Loop Control Through Self-Sensing of a Joule-Heated Twisted and Coiled Polymer Muscle17
Turning in Worm-Like Robots: The Geometry of Slip Elimination Suggests Nonperiodic Waves17
A Soft Exoskeleton for Tremor Suppression Equipped with Flexible Semiactive Actuator17
Flexoskeleton Printing Enables Versatile Fabrication of Hybrid Soft and Rigid Robots16
An Untethered Soft Robot Based on Liquid Crystal Elastomers16
Soft, Wearable, and Pleated Pneumatic Interference Actuator Provides Knee Extension Torque for Sit-to-Stand16
Bone-Inspired Bending Soft Robot16
Design, Analysis, and Grasping Experiments of a Novel Soft Hand: Hybrid Actuator Using Shape Memory Alloy Actuators, Motors, and Electromagnets16
All-Soft Skin-Like Structures for Robotic Locomotion and Transportation16
Tubular Jamming: A Variable Stiffening Method Toward High-Force Applications with Soft Robotic Components16
Stiffness Preprogrammable Soft Bending Pneumatic Actuators for High-Efficient, Conformal Operation16
Fluid Mechanics of Pneumatic Soft Robots16
Design and Fabrication of a Low-Cost Silicone and Water-Based Soft Actuator with a High Load-to-Weight Ratio15
Compliant, Large-Strain, and Self-Sensing Twisted String Actuators15
Versatile Soft Robot Gripper Enabled by Stiffness and Adhesion Tuning via Thermoplastic Composite15
Triboelectric Effect-Driven Liquid Metal Actuators15
Bioinspired Variable Stiffness Dielectric Elastomer Actuators with Large and Tunable Load Capacity15
RoSE: A Robotic Soft Esophagus for Endoprosthetic Stent Testing14
Integrated Design of Actuation and Mechanism of Dielectric Elastomers Using Topology Optimization Based on Fat Bezier Curves14
Bioinspired High-Degrees of Freedom Soft Robotic Glove for Restoring Versatile and Comfortable Manipulation14
Flexible Capacitive Curvature Sensor with One-Time Calibration for Amphibious Gait Monitoring14
Low-Voltage-Driven Large-Amplitude Soft Actuators Based on Phase Transition14
LM-Jelly: Liquid Metal Enabled Biomimetic Robotic Jellyfish14
Stiffness-Tunable Soft Gripper with Soft-Rigid Hybrid Actuation for Versatile Manipulations14
Geometric Confined Pneumatic Soft–Rigid Hybrid Actuators14
Flexible Manipulator with Low-Melting-Point Alloy Actuation and Variable Stiffness13
Bioinspired, Shape-Morphing Scale Battery for Untethered Soft Robots13
A Layered Manufacturing Approach for Soft and Soft-Rigid Hybrid Robots13
Self-Regulating Plant Robots: Bioinspired Heliotropism and Nyctinasty13
Robotic Trajectories and Morphology Manipulation of Single Particle and Granular Materials by a Vibration Tweezer12
Fast Thermal Actuators for Soft Robotics12
Efficient Multiaxial Shoulder-Motion Tracking Based on Flexible Resistive Sensors Applied to Exosuits12
Two-Dimensional Thermal Haptic Module Based on a Flexible Thermoelectric Device12
FifoBots: Foldable Soft Robots for Flipping Locomotion12
Experimental Investigation into the Dynamics of a Radially Contracting Actuator with Embedded Sensing Capability12
Facile Analytical Extraction of the Hyperelastic Constants for the Two-Parameter Mooney–Rivlin Model from Experiments on Soft Polymers12
Anguilliform Swimming Performance of an Eel-Inspired Soft Robot11
Fluid–Structure Coupling Model and Experimental Validation of Interaction Between Pneumatic Soft Actuator and Lower Limb11
Miniaturized Circuitry for Capacitive Self-Sensing and Closed-Loop Control of Soft Electrostatic Transducers11
Action Augmentation of Tactile Perception for Soft-Body Palpation11
One-Shot 3D-Printed Multimaterial Soft Robotic Jamming Grippers11
Poisson Induced Bending Actuator for Soft Robotic Systems11
Robust Multimodal Indirect Sensing for Soft Robots Via Neural Network-Aided Filter-Based Estimation11
A Wearable Textile-Embedded Dielectric Elastomer Actuator Haptic Display10
An Adaptive Bioinspired Foot Mechanism Based on Tensegrity Structures10
Electrically Activated Soft Robots: Speed Up by Rolling10
Leveraging Viscous Peeling to Create and Activate Soft Actuators and Microfluidic Devices10
Highly Stretchable and Durable Conductive Knitted Fabrics for the Skins of Soft Robots10
Microfiber-Shaped Programmable Materials with Stimuli-Responsive Hydrogel10
Inflatable Particle-Jammed Robotic Gripper Based on Integration of Positive Pressure and Partial Filling10
Untethered-Bioinspired Quadrupedal Robot Based on Double-Chamber Pre-charged Pneumatic Soft Actuators with Highly Flexible Trunk10
Bioinspired Multimodal Multipose Hybrid Fingers for Wide-Range Force, Compliant, and Stable Grasping9
Untethered Multimode Fluidic Actuation: A New Approach to Soft and Compliant Robotics9
Surface Actuation and Sensing of a Tensegrity Structure Using Robotic Skins9
Soft Pneumatic Actuator with Bimodal Bending Response Using a Single Pressure Source9
Reconfigurable Particle Swarm Robotics Powered by Acoustic Vibration Tweezer9
Force Control of a 3D Printed Soft Gripper with Built-In Pneumatic Touch Sensing Chambers9
Fully Soft Pressure Sensor Based on Bionic Spine–Pillar Structure for Robotics Motion Monitoring8
A Bioinspired Compliant 3D-Printed Soft Gripper8
A Soft Robot for Peripheral Lung Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy8
Monolithic Three-Dimensional Functionally Graded Hydrogels for Bioinspired Soft Robots Fabrication8
A Biologically Inspired Ring-Shaped Soft Pneumatic Actuator for Large Deformations8
Quantifying Dynamic Shapes in Soft Morphologies8
Electronic Skin to Feel “Pain”: Detecting “Prick” and “Hot” Pain Sensations8
Three-Layered Design of Electrothermal Actuators for Minimal Voltage Operation7
Origami Spring-Inspired Shape Morphing for Flexible Robotics7
A Wide-Range Stiffness-Tunable Soft Actuator Inspired by Deep-Sea Glass Sponges7
Variable Stiffness Electroadhesion and Compliant Electroadhesive Grippers7
Single-Actuator Soft Robot for In-Pipe Crawling7
Three-Fingered Soft Pneumatic Gripper Integrating Joint-Tuning Capability7
Sim-to-Real for High-Resolution Optical Tactile Sensing: From Images to Three-Dimensional Contact Force Distributions7
Armor-Based Stable Force Pneumatic Artificial Muscles for Steady Actuation Properties7
A Gas–Ribbon-Hybrid Actuated Soft Finger with Active Variable Stiffness7
A Soft Material Flow Sensor for Micro Air Vehicles7
A Cephalopod-Inspired Soft-Robotic Siphon for Thrust Vectoring and Flow Rate Regulation7