Earth System Science Data

(The median citation count of Earth System Science Data is 6. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 250 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2020-04-01 to 2024-04-01.)
Global Carbon Budget 20201406
The Global Methane Budget 2000–20171159
ERA5-Land: a state-of-the-art global reanalysis dataset for land applications1088
The 30 m annual land cover dataset and its dynamics in China from 1990 to 2019760
Global Carbon Budget 2021653
Global Carbon Budget 2022509
GLC_FCS30: global land-cover product with fine classification system at 30 m using time-series Landsat imagery390
An extended time series (2000–2018) of global NPP-VIIRS-like nighttime light data from a cross-sensor calibration291
Country-level and gridded estimates of wastewater production, collection, treatment and reuse244
A global anthropogenic emission inventory of atmospheric pollutants from sector- and fuel-specific sources (1970–2017): an application of the Community Emissions Data System (CEDS)202
An update of IPCC climate reference regions for subcontinental analysis of climate model data: definition and aggregated datasets201
WFDE5: bias-adjusted ERA5 reanalysis data for impact studies179
The Berkeley Earth Land/Ocean Temperature Record178
Changes in China's anthropogenic emissions and air quality during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020175
Heat stored in the Earth system: where does the energy go?174
Annual dynamics of global land cover and its long-term changes from 1982 to 2015170
Development of a global 30 m impervious surface map using multisource and multitemporal remote sensing datasets with the Google Earth Engine platform163
Improved estimate of global gross primary production for reproducing its long-term variation, 1982–2017156
The global forest above-ground biomass pool for 2010 estimated from high-resolution satellite observations123
A cultivated planet in 2010 – Part 2: The global gridded agricultural-production maps121
GloFAS-ERA5 operational global river discharge reanalysis 1979–present115
A 6-year-long (2013–2018) high-resolution air quality reanalysis dataset in China based on the assimilation of surface observations from CNEMC110
Glacial lake inventory of high-mountain Asia in 1990 and 2018 derived from Landsat images110
A long-term (2005–2016) dataset of hourly integrated land–atmosphere interaction observations on the Tibetan Plateau105
Annual 30 m dataset for glacial lakes in High Mountain Asia from 2008 to 201798
A multi-scale daily SPEI dataset for drought characterization at observation stations over mainland China from 1961 to 201896
Earth transformed: detailed mapping of global human modification from 1990 to 201792
Validation of GRASP algorithm product from POLDER/PARASOL data and assessment of multi-angular polarimetry potential for aerosol monitoring87
Early-season mapping of winter wheat in China based on Landsat and Sentinel images83
OceanSODA-ETHZ: a global gridded data set of the surface ocean carbonate system for seasonal to decadal studies of ocean acidification83
Glacier shrinkage in the Alps continues unabated as revealed by a new glacier inventory from Sentinel-280
CAMELS-GB: hydrometeorological time series and landscape attributes for 671 catchments in Great Britain80
A synthesis dataset of permafrost thermal state for the Qinghai–Tibet (Xizang) Plateau, China80
An updated version of the global interior ocean biogeochemical data product, GLODAPv2.202077
FLUXNET-CH<sub>4</sub>: a global, multi-ecosystem dataset and analysis of methane seasonality from freshwater wetlands75
High-resolution global map of smallholder and industrial closed-canopy oil palm plantations74
AIMERG: a new Asian precipitation dataset (0.1°/half-hourly, 2000–2015) by calibrating the GPM-era IMERG at a daily scale using APHRODITE73
A comprehensive and synthetic dataset for global, regional, and national greenhouse gas emissions by sector 1970–2018 with an extension to 201972
Programme for Monitoring of the Greenland Ice Sheet (PROMICE) automatic weather station data70
A global dataset of annual urban extents (1992–2020) from harmonized nighttime lights66
New high-resolution estimates of the permafrost thermal state and hydrothermal conditions over the Northern Hemisphere66
Synthesis of global actual evapotranspiration from 1982 to 201965
Greenland Ice Sheet solid ice discharge from 1986 through March 202065
GOCO06s – a satellite-only global gravity field model64
Global transpiration data from sap flow measurements: the SAPFLUXNET database62
A global map of local climate zones to support earth system modelling and urban-scale environmental science60
Global patterns and drivers of soil total phosphorus concentration59
GISD30: global 30 m impervious-surface dynamic dataset from 1985 to 2020 using time-series Landsat imagery on the Google Earth Engine platform59
The Sea State CCI dataset v1: towards a sea state climate data record based on satellite observations58
Stable water isotope monitoring network of different water bodies in Shiyang River basin, a typical arid river in China58
A 30 m resolution dataset of China's urban impervious surface area and green space, 2000–201858
GeoDAR: georeferenced global dams and reservoirs dataset for bridging attributes and geolocations57
Comparing national greenhouse gas budgets reported in UNFCCC inventories against atmospheric inversions57
Changes in global air pollutant emissions during the COVID-19 pandemic: a dataset for atmospheric modeling56
A global seamless 1 km resolution daily land surface temperature dataset (2003–2020)56
The TROPOSIF global sun-induced fluorescence dataset from the Sentinel-5P TROPOMI mission55
A uniform <i>p</i>CO<sub>2</sub> climatology combining open and coastal oceans54
A spatially downscaled sun-induced fluorescence global product for enhanced monitoring of vegetation productivity54
Updated tropospheric chemistry reanalysis and emission estimates, TCR-2, for 2005–201854
CAMS-REG-v4: a state-of-the-art high-resolution European emission inventory for air quality modelling54
An updated version of the global interior ocean biogeochemical data product, GLODAPv2.202153
Temporal inventory of glaciers in the Suru sub-basin, western Himalaya: impacts of regional climate variability53
Pre- and post-production processes increasingly dominate greenhouse gas emissions from agri-food systems53
A decade of GOSAT Proxy satellite CH<sub>4</sub> observations52
Database for the kinetics of the gas-phase atmospheric reactions of organic compounds52
SISALv2: a comprehensive speleothem isotope database with multiple age–depth models52
A combined Terra and Aqua MODIS land surface temperature and meteorological station data product for China from 2003 to 201751
CDIAC-FF: global and national CO<sub>2</sub> emissions from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacture: 1751–201750
SeaFlux: harmonization of air–sea CO<sub>2</sub> fluxes from surface <i>p</i>CO<sub>2</sub> data products using a st50
Greenland liquid water discharge from 1958 through 201949
Annual oil palm plantation maps in Malaysia and Indonesia from 2001 to 201649
Constructing a complete landslide inventory dataset for the 2018 monsoon disaster in Kerala, India, for land use change analysis49
A fine-resolution soil moisture dataset for China in 2002–201848
CAMELS-BR: hydrometeorological time series and landscape attributes for 897 catchments in Brazil48
META3.1exp: a new global mesoscale eddy trajectory atlas derived from altimetry47
LGHAP: the Long-term Gap-free High-resolution Air Pollutant concentration dataset, derived via tensor-flow-based multimodal data fusion47
Distribution and characteristics of wastewater treatment plants within the global river network46
Development of the global dataset of Wetland Area and Dynamics for Methane Modeling (WAD2M)46
The Boreal–Arctic Wetland and Lake Dataset (BAWLD)46
The Iso2k database: a global compilation of paleo-<i>δ</i><sup>18</sup>O and <i>δ</i><sup>2</s46
A comparison of estimates of global carbon dioxide emissions from fossil carbon sources45
Carbon emissions and removals from forests: new estimates, 1990–202045
Long-term variations in actual evapotranspiration over the Tibetan Plateau45
Mapping global forest age from forest inventories, biomass and climate data44
Towards harmonisation of image velocimetry techniques for river surface velocity observations44
Volcanic stratospheric sulfur injections and aerosol optical depth during the Holocene (past 11 500 years) from a bipolar ice-core array43
Spatial and temporal patterns of global soil heterotrophic respiration in terrestrial ecosystems42
BAWLD-CH<sub>4</sub>: a comprehensive dataset of methane fluxes from boreal and arctic ecosystems42
An improved global remote-sensing-based surface soil moisture (RSSSM) dataset covering 2003–201842
A restructured and updated global soil respiration database (SRDB-V5)42
European pollen-based REVEALS land-cover reconstructions for the Holocene: methodology, mapping and potentials42
EOT20: a global ocean tide model from multi-mission satellite altimetry41
INSTANCE – the Italian seismic dataset for machine learning41
A 40-year High Arctic climatological dataset of the Polish Polar Station Hornsund (SW Spitsbergen, Svalbard)41
A 30 m terrace mapping in China using Landsat 8 imagery and digital elevation model based on the Google Earth Engine41
Generating seamless global daily AMSR2 soil moisture (SGD-SM) long-term products for the years 2013–201940
A dense network of cosmic-ray neutron sensors for soil moisture observation in a highly instrumented pre-Alpine headwater catchment in Germany40
Worldwide version-controlled database of glacier thickness observations38
Carbon Monitoring System Flux Net Biosphere Exchange 2020 (CMS-Flux NBE 2020)38
Global time series and temporal mosaics of glacier surface velocities derived from Sentinel-1 data38
Status of the Tibetan Plateau observatory (Tibet-Obs) and a 10-year (2009–2019) surface soil moisture dataset38
Global CO<sub>2</sub> uptake by cement from 1930 to 201937
Description of the multi-approach gravity field models from Swarm GPS data37
High-resolution global atmospheric moisture connections from evaporation to precipitation37
Global climate-related predictors at kilometer resolution for the past and future37
A worldwide meta-analysis (1977–2020) of sediment core dating using fallout radionuclides including <sup>137</sup>Cs and <sup>210</sup>Pb&l35
Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service TEMPOral profiles (CAMS-TEMPO): global and European emission temporal profile maps for atmospheric chemistry modelling35
Catalog of NOx emissions from point sources as derived from the divergence of the NO2 flux for TROPOMI35
GCI30: a global dataset of 30 m cropping intensity using multisource remote sensing imagery35
A comprehensive geospatial database of nearly 100 000 reservoirs in China35
TPHiPr: a long-term (1979–2020) high-accuracy precipitation dataset (1∕30°, daily) for the Third Pole region based on high-resolution atmospheric modeling and dense observations35
High-resolution mapping of circum-Antarctic landfast sea ice distribution, 2000–201835
Next generation of Bluelink ocean reanalysis with multiscale data assimilation: BRAN202034
The Eurasian Modern Pollen Database (EMPD), version 234
A global long-term (1981–2000) land surface temperature product for NOAA AVHRR34
COSMOS-Europe: a European network of cosmic-ray neutron soil moisture sensors34
More dynamic than expected: an updated survey of surging glaciers in the Pamir34
A harmonized global land evaporation dataset from model-based products covering 1980–201733
Bed topography of Princess Elizabeth Land in East Antarctica33
GLODAPv2.2022: the latest version of the global interior ocean biogeochemical data product33
Land-use harmonization datasets for annual global carbon budgets33
Satellite-based remote sensing data set of global surface water storage change from 1992 to 201833
Drainage of organic soils and GHG emissions: validation with country data33
The PROFOUND Database for evaluating vegetation models and simulating climate impacts on European forests32
High-resolution biogenic global emission inventory for the time period 2000–2019 for air quality modelling32
SCDNA: a serially complete precipitation and temperature dataset for North America from 1979 to 201832
Multi-resolution dataset for photovoltaic panel segmentation from satellite and aerial imagery32
Crowdsourced air traffic data from the OpenSky Network 2019–202032
Database of global glendonite and ikaite records throughout the Phanerozoic31
Synoptic analysis of a decade of daily measurements of SO<sub>2</sub> emission in the troposphere from volcanoes of the global ground-based Network for Observation of Volca31
Rainfall erosivity mapping over mainland China based on high-density hourly rainfall records31
GWL_FCS30: a global 30 m wetland map with a fine classification system using multi-sourced and time-series remote sensing imagery in 202031
A 1 km resolution soil organic carbon dataset for frozen ground in the Third Pole31
The S2M meteorological and snow cover reanalysis over the French mountainous areas: description and evaluation (1958–2021)31
A 1 km daily soil moisture dataset over China using in situ measurement and machine learning31
CAMELS-AUS: hydrometeorological time series and landscape attributes for 222 catchments in Australia31
Third revision of the global surface seawater dimethyl sulfide climatology (DMS-Rev3)30
European anthropogenic AFOLU greenhouse gas emissions: a review and benchmark data30
Global Carbon Budget 202330
100 years of lake evolution over the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau30
Lake surface sediment pollen dataset for the alpine meadow vegetation type from the eastern Tibetan Plateau and its potential in past climate reconstructions30
The WGLC global gridded lightning climatology and time series30
Patterns of nitrogen and phosphorus pools in terrestrial ecosystems in China30
LamaH-CE: LArge-SaMple DAta for Hydrology and Environmental Sciences for Central Europe29
Global sea-level budget and ocean-mass budget, with a focus on advanced data products and uncertainty characterisation29
The NIEER AVHRR snow cover extent product over China – a long-term daily snow record for regional climate research29
Mass balance of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets from 1992 to 202028
Development of a standard database of reference sites for validating global burned area products28
The cooperative IGS RT-GIMs: a reliable estimation of the global ionospheric electron content distribution in real time28
Asset exposure data for global physical risk assessment28
Long time series of daily evapotranspiration in China based on the SEBAL model and multisource images and validation28
UGS-1m: fine-grained urban green space mapping of 31 major cities in China based on the deep learning framework28
New ground-based Fourier-transform near-infrared solar absorption measurements of XCO<sub>2</sub>, XCH<sub>4</sub> and XCO at Xianghe, China27
Refined burned-area mapping protocol using Sentinel-2 data increases estimate of 2019 Indonesian burning27
Hyperspectral-reflectance dataset of dry, wet and submerged marine litter27
VODCA2GPP – a new, global, long-term (1988–2020) gross primary production dataset from microwave remote sensing27
A new satellite-derived dataset for marine aquaculture areas in China's coastal region26
Carbon fluxes from land 2000–2020: bringing clarity to countries' reporting26
Greenland ice sheet mass balance from 1840 through next week26
Arctic sea ice cover data from spaceborne synthetic aperture radar by deep learning26
Dataset of daily near-surface air temperature in China from 1979 to 201826
JOANNE: Joint dropsonde Observations of the Atmosphere in tropical North atlaNtic meso-scale Environments26
Measurements from the RV <i>Ronald H. Brown</i> and related platforms as part of the Atlantic Tradewind Ocean-Atmosphere Mesoscale Interaction Campaign (ATOMIC)26
Timely estimates of India's annual and monthly fossil CO<sub>2</sub> emissions26
The PetroPhysical Property Database (P<sup>3</sup>) – a global compilation of lab-measured rock properties26
Mapping the yields of lignocellulosic bioenergy crops from observations at the global scale26
A cultivated planet in 2010 – Part 1: The global synergy cropland map25
A global mean sea surface temperature dataset for the Last Interglacial (129–116 ka) and contribution of thermal expansion to sea level change25
A European map of groundwater pH and calcium25
A daily and 500 m coupled evapotranspiration and gross primary production product across China during 2000–202025
Estimating population and urban areas at risk of coastal hazards, 1990–2015: how data choices matter25
National CO2budgets (2015–2020) inferred from atmospheric CO2observations in support of the global stocktake25
An integration of gauge, satellite, and reanalysis precipitation datasets for the largest river basin of the Tibetan Plateau25
Black carbon and organic carbon dataset over the Third Pole25
Indicators of Global Climate Change 2022: annual update of large-scale indicators of the state of the climate system and human influence25
Compilation of relative pollen productivity (RPP) estimates and taxonomically harmonised RPP datasets for single continents and Northern Hemisphere extratropics25
Global Covenant of Mayors, a dataset of greenhouse gas emissions for 6200 cities in Europe and the Southern Mediterranean countries25
Decomposability of soil organic matter over time: the Soil Incubation Database (SIDb, version 1.0) and guidance for incubation procedures25
Ship- and island-based atmospheric soundings from the 2020 EUREC<sup>4</sup>A field campaign25
The RapeseedMap10 database: annual maps of rapeseed at a spatial resolution of 10 m based on multi-source data24
Reconstructing 6-hourly PM2.5 datasets from 1960 to 2020 in China24
A high-resolution reanalysis of global fire weather from 1979 to 2018 – overwintering the Drought Code24
A high-resolution gridded dataset of daily temperature and precipitation records (1980–2018) for Trentino-South Tyrol (north-eastern Italian Alps)24
Nine years of SMOS sea surface salinity global maps at the Barcelona Expert Center24
The ABCflux database: Arctic–boreal CO2 flux observations and ancillary information aggregated to monthly time steps across terrestrial ecosystems23
The Global Space-based Stratospheric Aerosol Climatology (version 2.0): 1979–201823
Emission trends of air pollutants and CO2 in China from 2005 to 202123
SoilKsatDB: global database of soil saturated hydraulic conductivity measurements for geoscience applications23
EUREC<sup>4</sup>A's <i>HALO</i>23
Greenland ice velocity maps from the PROMICE project23
Global GOSAT, OCO-2, and OCO-3 solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence datasets23
A daily, 250 m and real-time gross primary productivity product (2000–present) covering the contiguous United States22
A global dataset of atmospheric <sup>7</sup>Be and <sup>210</sup>Pb measurements: annual air concentration and depositional flux22
The Active Faults of Eurasia Database (AFEAD): the ontology and design behind the continental-scale dataset22
Heat stored in the Earth system 1960–2020: where does the energy go?22
Last Interglacial sea-level proxies in the western Mediterranean22
An all-sky 1 km daily land surface air temperature product over mainland China for 2003–2019 from MODIS and ancillary data22
Improved maps of surface water bodies, large dams, reservoirs, and lakes in China22
A global monthly climatology of oceanic total dissolved inorganic carbon: a neural network approach22
GRQA: Global River Water Quality Archive22
Individual tree point clouds and tree measurements from multi-platform laser scanning in German forests22
Country-resolved combined emission and socio-economic pathways based on the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) and Shared Socio-Economic Pathway (SSP) scenarios22
Radiative forcing of climate change from the Copernicus reanalysis of atmospheric composition21
Monthly resolved modelled oceanic emissions of carbonyl sulphide and carbon disulphide for the period 2000–201921
Mapping 10 m global impervious surface area (GISA-10m) using multi-source geospatial data21
EMDNA: an Ensemble Meteorological Dataset for North America21
The consolidated European synthesis of CO2 emissions and removals for the European Union and United Kingdom: 1990–201821
Petrophysical and mechanical rock property database of the Los Humeros and Acoculco geothermal fields (Mexico)21
A new dataset of river flood hazard maps for Europe and the Mediterranean Basin21
CASCADE – The Circum-Arctic Sediment CArbon DatabasE21
Landsat-based Irrigation Dataset (LANID): 30 m resolution maps of irrigation distribution, frequency, and change for the US, 1997–201721
A comparative study of anthropogenic CH<sub>4</sub> emissions over China based on the ensembles of bottom-up inventories20
Sub-seasonal forecasts of demand and wind power and solar power generation for 28 European countries20
A 10-year global monthly averaged terrestrial net ecosystem exchange dataset inferred from the ACOS GOSAT v9 XCO2 retrievals (GCAS2021)20
HRLT: a high-resolution (1 d, 1 km) and long-term (1961–2019) gridded dataset for surface temperature and precipitation across China20
Global database of ratios of particulate organic carbon to thorium-234 in the ocean: improving estimates of the biological carbon pump20
SDUST2021GRA: global marine gravity anomaly model recovered from Ka-band and Ku-band satellite altimeter data20
DSCOVR/EPIC-derived global hourly and daily downward shortwave and photosynthetically active radiation data at 0.1° × 0.1° resolution20
Daily Terra–Aqua MODIS cloud-free snow and Randolph Glacier Inventory 6.0 combined product (M*D10A1GL06) for high-mountain Asia between 2002 and 201920
Ten-year return levels of sub-daily extreme precipitation over Europe20
Fine-grained, spatiotemporal datasets measuring 200 years of land development in the United States20
Retrogressive thaw slumps along the Qinghai–Tibet Engineering Corridor: a comprehensive inventory and their distribution characteristics19
Historical nitrogen fertilizer use in China from 1952 to 201819
Global maps of Forel–Ule index, hue angle and Secchi disk depth derived from 21 years of monthly ESA Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative data19
Implementation of the CCDC algorithm to produce the LCMAP Collection 1.0 annual land surface change product19
Towards a regional high-resolution bathymetry of the North West Shelf of Australia based on Sentinel-2 satellite images, 3D seismic surveys, and historical datasets19
COSMOS-UK: national soil moisture and hydrometeorology data for environmental science research18
A global map of root biomass across the world's forests18
A 1 km global cropland dataset from 10 000 BCE to 2100 CE18
An integrated compilation of data sources for the development of a marine protected area in the Weddell Sea18
ADHI: the African Database of Hydrometric Indices (1950–2018)18
Hydrography90m: a new high-resolution global hydrographic dataset18
A satellite-derived database for stand-replacing windthrow events in boreal forests of European Russia in 1986–201718
Spatial radionuclide deposition data from the 60 km radial area around the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant: results from a sampling survey in 198718
A historical reconstruction of cropland in China from 1900 to 201617
The HadGEM3-GA7.1 radiative kernel: the importance of a well-resolved stratosphere17
LUCAS Copernicus 2018: Earth-observation-relevant in situ data on land cover and use throughout the European Union17
Early instrumental meteorological observations in Switzerland: 1708–187317
Apparent ecosystem carbon turnover time: uncertainties and robust features17
An 11-year record of XCO<sub>2</sub> estimates derived from GOSAT measurements using the NASA ACOS version 9 retrieval algorithm17
High-resolution inventory of atmospheric emissions from transport, industrial, energy, mining and residential activities in Chile17
A 1 km global dataset of historical (1979–2013) and future (2020–2100) Köppen–Geiger climate classification and bioclimatic variables17
A 1 km daily surface soil moisture dataset of enhanced coverage under all-weather conditions over China in 2003–201917
The HTAP_v3 emission mosaic: merging regional and global monthly emissions (2000–2018) to support air quality modelling and policies17
Mapping photovoltaic power plants in China using Landsat, random forest, and Google Earth Engine17
A novel hydrographic gridded data set for the northern Antarctic Peninsula17
African anthropogenic emissions inventory for gases and particles from 1990 to 201517
A Canadian River Ice Database from the National Hydrometric Program Archives17
Measurements of hydrodynamics, sediment, morphology and benthos on Ameland ebb-tidal delta and lower shoreface17