Nature Reviews Microbiology

(The H4-Index of Nature Reviews Microbiology is 93. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 500 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2019-10-01 to 2023-10-01.)
Characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-192705
SARS-CoV-2 variants, spike mutations and immune escape2296
Coronavirus biology and replication: implications for SARS-CoV-21728
Gut microbiota in human metabolic health and disease1526
Evolutionary classification of CRISPR–Cas systems: a burst of class 2 and derived variants1190
Plant–microbiome interactions: from community assembly to plant health1071
The gut microbiota–brain axis in behaviour and brain disorders648
Soil microbiomes and climate change546
Ecology of the plastisphere533
Considerations for diagnostic COVID-19 tests498
Antibiotic resistance in the environment492
Nanomaterial-based therapeutics for antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections460
Long COVID: major findings, mechanisms and recommendations427
Gut microbial metabolites as multi-kingdom intermediates424
Population genomics of Klebsiella pneumoniae408
Bacterial siderophores in community and host interactions401
The global preclinical antibacterial pipeline369
Phage diversity, genomics and phylogeny360
Transmissibility and transmission of respiratory viruses357
Biofilm dispersion354
Non-tuberculous mycobacteria and the rise of Mycobacterium abscessus332
The pan-immune system of bacteria: antiviral defence as a community resource309
Infectious disease in an era of global change302
Regulation of peptidoglycan synthesis and remodelling290
Drug resistance and tolerance in fungi268
SARS-CoV-2 pathogenesis256
Bat-borne virus diversity, spillover and emergence245
Bacterial biopolymers: from pathogenesis to advanced materials221
The population genetics of pathogenic Escherichia coli219
An evolving view on biogeochemical cycling of iron217
Mechano-bactericidal actions of nanostructured surfaces214
Urinary tract infections: microbial pathogenesis, host–pathogen interactions and new treatment strategies207
Host–microbiota interactions in immune-mediated diseases206
The human virome: assembly, composition and host interactions205
Tolerance and resistance of microbial biofilms204
Unique and common traits in mycorrhizal symbioses201
Innovations to culturing the uncultured microbial majority199
Porins and small-molecule translocation across the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria195
Metabolic and biogeochemical consequences of viral infection in aquatic ecosystems193
Outbreak of a novel coronavirus189
Life and death in the soil microbiome: how ecological processes influence biogeochemistry189
The biofilm life cycle: expanding the conceptual model of biofilm formation184
Tackling the emerging threat of antifungal resistance to human health184
Microbial volatile organic compounds in intra-kingdom and inter-kingdom interactions181
Tara Oceans: towards global ocean ecosystems biology180
Structural biology of SARS-CoV-2 and implications for therapeutic development178
Diversity within species: interpreting strains in microbiomes177
Critical analysis of antibacterial agents in clinical development176
Pathogenesis of human cytomegalovirus in the immunocompromised host173
Antibiotic development — economic, regulatory and societal challenges173
Pseudomonas aeruginosa adaptation and evolution in patients with cystic fibrosis172
Prevotella diversity, niches and interactions with the human host170
The mycobacterial cell envelope — a moving target170
The role of vaccines in combatting antimicrobial resistance169
Innovative and rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing systems169
Electromicrobiology: the ecophysiology of phylogenetically diverse electroactive microorganisms169
The stringent response and physiological roles of (pp)pGpp in bacteria166
Bacillus subtilis biofilm formation and social interactions164
Chytrid fungi and global amphibian declines161
Ecology and genomics of Actinobacteria: new concepts for natural product discovery159
Xanthomonas diversity, virulence and plant–pathogen interactions157
Influenza virus and SARS-CoV-2: pathogenesis and host responses in the respiratory tract155
Next-generation physiology approaches to study microbiome function at single cell level150
Beyond horizontal gene transfer: the role of plasmids in bacterial evolution149
Antimicrobial use, drug-resistant infections and COVID-19149
Horizontal gene transfer and adaptive evolution in bacteria145
Mechanomicrobiology: how bacteria sense and respond to forces145
Reconstructing organisms in silico: genome-scale models and their emerging applications134
The structural basis of herpesvirus entry132
The bacterial epigenome131
Crop microbiome and sustainable agriculture130
Interactions between bacterial and phage communities in natural environments130
Bacterial motility: machinery and mechanisms120
Biology and evolution of bacterial toxin–antitoxin systems116
Priority effects in microbiome assembly115
Learning from the past: development of safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines113
Plasmodium asexual growth and sexual development in the haematopoietic niche of the host112
Microbiome-based therapeutics111
Infections at the maternal–fetal interface: an overview of pathogenesis and defence109
Synthetic ecology of the human gut microbiota107
Treatment strategies for cryptococcal infection: challenges, advances and future outlook107
The microbiome-shaping roles of bacteriocins106
Proximate and ultimate causes of the bactericidal action of antibiotics103
The host-associated archaeome102
Antibiofilm activity of host defence peptides: complexity provides opportunities102
Microbial diversity in extreme environments98
Microbial production of advanced biofuels98
The rumen microbiome: balancing food security and environmental impacts97
Resisting antimicrobial resistance96
Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics in microbiome investigations96
Microbial evolution and transitions along the parasite–mutualist continuum95
Evolutionary causes and consequences of bacterial antibiotic persistence95
Formation and function of bacterial organelles94
Skeletal infections: microbial pathogenesis, immunity and clinical management93