Hydrology and Earth System Sciences

(The TQCC of Hydrology and Earth System Sciences is 13. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 250 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2020-06-01 to 2024-06-01.)
Evaluation of 18 satellite- and model-based soil moisture products using in situ measurements from 826 sensors153
Groundwater level forecasting with artificial neural networks: a comparison of long short-term memory (LSTM), convolutional neural networks (CNNs), and non-linear autoregressive networks with exoge122
The International Soil Moisture Network: serving Earth system science for over a decade121
Nonstationary weather and water extremes: a review of methods for their detection, attribution, and management120
Rainfall–runoff prediction at multiple timescales with a single Long Short-Term Memory network115
Urban surface water flood modelling – a comprehensive review of current models and future challenges97
A standardized index for assessing sub-monthly compound dry and hot conditions with application in China90
Revisiting the global hydrological cycle: is it intensifying?88
Deep learning methods for flood mapping: a review of existing applications and future research directions86
Benchmarking data-driven rainfall–runoff models in Great Britain: a comparison of long short-term memory (LSTM)-based models with four lumped conceptual models77
Progressive water deficits during multiyear droughts in basins with long hydrological memory in Chile70
Uncertainty of simulated groundwater recharge at different global warming levels: a global-scale multi-model ensemble study69
Deep learning rainfall–runoff predictions of extreme events67
The 2018 northern European hydrological drought and its drivers in a historical perspective65
Rapid reduction in ecosystem productivity caused by flash droughts based on decade-long FLUXNET observations64
Machine-learning methods for stream water temperature prediction60
Hydrologically informed machine learning for rainfall–runoff modelling: towards distributed modelling59
Flood forecasting with machine learning models in an operational framework57
Technical Note: Improved partial wavelet coherency for understanding scale-specific and localized bivariate relationships in geosciences54
A history of TOPMODEL54
Quantifying the impacts of compound extremes on agriculture52
Suitability of 17 gridded rainfall and temperature datasets for large-scale hydrological modelling in West Africa52
Comparative analysis of kernel-based versus ANN and deep learning methods in monthly reference evapotranspiration estimation51
Comparing Palmer Drought Severity Index drought assessments using the traditional offline approach with direct climate model outputs49
Sentinel-3 radar altimetry for river monitoring – a catchment-scale evaluation of satellite water surface elevation from Sentinel-3A and Sentinel-3B48
In situ measurements of soil and plant water isotopes: a review of approaches, practical considerations and a vision for the future48
Lake thermal structure drives interannual variability in summer anoxia dynamics in a eutrophic lake over 37 years48
Rainfall estimation from a German-wide commercial microwave link network: optimized processing and validation for 1 year of data48
Future streamflow regime changes in the United States: assessment using functional classification47
Flash drought onset over the contiguous United States: sensitivity of inventories and trends to quantitative definitions47
The accuracy of weather radar in heavy rain: a comparative study for Denmark, the Netherlands, Finland and Sweden46
Global cotton production under climate change – Implications for yield and water consumption46
Two-stage variational mode decomposition and support vector regression for streamflow forecasting46
Comparison of statistical downscaling methods for climate change impact analysis on precipitation-driven drought43
Quantifying the effects of land use and model scale on water partitioning and water ages using tracer-aided ecohydrological models43
Uncertainty estimation with deep learning for rainfall–runoff modeling43
Why does a conceptual hydrological model fail to correctly predict discharge changes in response to climate change?43
Do small and large floods have the same drivers of change? A regional attribution analysis in Europe43
Towards hybrid modeling of the global hydrological cycle43
Compound flood potential from storm surge and heavy precipitation in coastal China: dependence, drivers, and impacts42
Using water stable isotopes to understand evaporation, moisture stress, and re-wetting in catchment forest and grassland soils of the summer drought of 201841
Climate elasticity of evapotranspiration shifts the water balance of Mediterranean climates during multi-year droughts40
Evaluation of random forests for short-term daily streamflow forecasting in rainfall- and snowmelt-driven watersheds40
Using a long short-term memory (LSTM) neural network to boost river streamflow forecasts over the western United States39
Ensemble streamflow forecasting over a cascade reservoir catchment with integrated hydrometeorological modeling and machine learning39
A note on leveraging synergy in multiple meteorological data sets with deep learning for rainfall–runoff modeling39
Easy-to-use spatial random-forest-based downscaling-calibration method for producing precipitation data with high resolution and high accuracy38
Changing global cropping patterns to minimize national blue water scarcity38
Hydrological concept formation inside long short-term memory (LSTM) networks37
Evaporation, infiltration and storage of soil water in different vegetation zones in the Qilian Mountains: a stable isotope perspective36
Hydrological evaluation of open-access precipitation data using SWAT at multiple temporal and spatial scales35
Uncertainty of gridded precipitation and temperature reference datasets in climate change impact studies35
Continuous streamflow prediction in ungauged basins: long short-term memory neural networks clearly outperform traditional hydrological models35
Evapotranspiration in the Amazon: spatial patterns, seasonality, and recent trends in observations, reanalysis, and climate models34
A retrospective on hydrological catchment modelling based on half a century with the HBV model33
Trends and variability in snowmelt in China under climate change33
Which rainfall score is more informative about the performance in river discharge simulation? A comprehensive assessment on 1318 basins over Europe32
Deep learning for automated river-level monitoring through river-camera images: an approach based on water segmentation and transfer learning32
Canopy temperature and heat stress are increased by compound high air temperature and water stress and reduced by irrigation – a modeling analysis31
The Great Lakes Runoff Intercomparison Project Phase 4: the Great Lakes (GRIP-GL)31
How well are we able to close the water budget at the global scale?31
Importance of snowmelt contribution to seasonal runoff and summer low flows in Czechia31
Sequential data assimilation for real-time probabilistic flood inundation mapping30
A systematic assessment of uncertainties in large-scale soil loss estimation from different representations of USLE input factors – a case study for Kenya and Uganda30
Development and validation of a new MODIS snow-cover-extent product over China30
Quantifying the effects of urban green space on water partitioning and ages using an isotope-based ecohydrological model30
Assimilation of vegetation optical depth retrievals from passive microwave radiometry30
Development of a revised method for indicators of hydrologic alteration for analyzing the cumulative impacts of cascading reservoirs on flow regime29
Global distribution of hydrologic controls on forest growth29
Understanding the mass, momentum, and energy transfer in the frozen soil with three levels of model complexities29
Variability in epilimnion depth estimations in lakes29
Last-decade progress in understanding and modeling the land surface processes on the Tibetan Plateau29
River runoff in Switzerland in a changing climate – runoff regime changes and their time of emergence29
Triple oxygen isotope systematics of evaporation and mixing processes in a dynamic desert lake system28
Anatomy of the 2018 agricultural drought in the Netherlands using in situ soil moisture and satellite vegetation indices28
Socio-hydrologic modeling of the dynamics of cooperation in the transboundary Lancang–Mekong River28
Uncertainties and their interaction in flood hazard assessment with climate change28
Simulations of future changes in thermal structure of Lake Erken: proof of concept for ISIMIP2b lake sector local simulation strategy28
Global component analysis of errors in three satellite-only global precipitation estimates27
Analysis of high streamflow extremes in climate change studies: how do we calibrate hydrological models?27
Machine-learning- and deep-learning-based streamflow prediction in a hilly catchment for future scenarios using CMIP6 GCM data27
Identifying the optimal spatial distribution of tracers for optical sensing of stream surface flow27
Technical note: Precipitation-phase partitioning at landscape scales to regional scales27
A 10 km North American precipitation and land-surface reanalysis based on the GEM atmospheric model27
Impact of the quality of hydrological forecasts on the management and revenue of hydroelectric reservoirs – a conceptual approach27
Sensitivity of snow models to the accuracy of meteorological forcings in mountain environments27
Estimation of hydrological drought recovery based on precipitation and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) water storage deficit26
A novel causal structure-based framework for comparing a basin-wide water–energy–food–ecology nexus applied to the data-limited Amu Darya and Syr Darya river basins26
Benchmarking an operational hydrological model for providing seasonal forecasts in Sweden26
A two-stage blending approach for merging multiple satellite precipitation estimates and rain gauge observations: an experiment in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau26
Statistical modelling and climate variability of compound surge and precipitation events in a managed water system: a case study in the Netherlands26
Preprocessing approaches in machine-learning-based groundwater potential mapping: an application to the Koulikoro and Bamako regions, Mali26
Global ecosystem-scale plant hydraulic traits retrieved using model–data fusion26
Assessing the dependence structure between oceanographic, fluvial, and pluvial flooding drivers along the United States coastline26
Drought onset and propagation into soil moisture and grassland vegetation responses during the 2012–2019 major drought in Southern California26
Evaluation of historic and operational satellite radar altimetry missions for constructing consistent long-term lake water level records25
Technical note: On uncertainties in plant water isotopic composition following extraction by cryogenic vacuum distillation25
A comparison of catchment travel times and storage deduced from deuterium and tritium tracers using StorAge Selection functions25
Streamflow drought: implication of drought definitions and its application for drought forecasting25
From skill to value: isolating the influence of end user behavior on seasonal forecast assessment25
The pulse of a montane ecosystem: coupling between daily cycles in solar flux, snowmelt, transpiration, groundwater, and streamflow at Sagehen Creek and Independence Creek, Sierra Nevada, USA25
A universal Standardized Precipitation Index candidate distribution function for observations and simulations25
Asymmetric impact of groundwater use on groundwater droughts25
Contrasting seasonal changes in total and intense precipitation in the European Alps from 1903 to 201025
Dynamic mechanism of an extremely severe saltwater intrusion in the Changjiang estuary in February 201424
A two-step merging strategy for incorporating multi-source precipitation products and gauge observations using machine learning classification and regression over China24
A hydrography upscaling method for scale-invariant parametrization of distributed hydrological models24
Simultaneously determining global sensitivities of model parameters and model structure24
Hybrid forecasting: blending climate predictions with AI models24
Evaluation of the WMO Solid Precipitation Intercomparison Experiment (SPICE) transfer functions for adjusting the wind bias in solid precipitation measurements24
Improving soil moisture prediction of a high-resolution land surface model by parameterising pedotransfer functions through assimilation of SMAP satellite data24
Land use and climate change effects on water yield from East African forested water towers24
Assessing the degree of detail of temperature-based snow routines for runoff modelling in mountainous areas in central Europe24
Isotopic offsets between bulk plant water and its sources are larger in cool and wet environments24
Assessment of extreme flows and uncertainty under climate change: disentangling the uncertainty contribution of representative concentration pathways, global climate models and internal climate var24
Exploring the possible role of satellite-based rainfall data in estimating inter- and intra-annual global rainfall erosivity24
Comprehensive evaluation of satellite-based and reanalysis soil moisture products using in situ observations over China24
Performance of automated methods for flash flood inundation mapping: a comparison of a digital terrain model (DTM) filling and two hydrodynamic methods23
Estimating the probability of compound floods in estuarine regions23
Accelerated hydrological cycle over the Sanjiangyuan region induces more streamflow extremes at different global warming levels23
Field-scale soil moisture bridges the spatial-scale gap between drought monitoring and agricultural yields23
Partitioning growing season water balance within a forested boreal catchment using sap flux, eddy covariance, and a process-based model23
Long-term relative decline in evapotranspiration with increasing runoff on fractional land surfaces23
The value of ASCAT soil moisture and MODIS snow cover data for calibrating a conceptual hydrologic model23
A hydrologist's guide to open science23
Using multiple methods to investigate the effects of land-use changes on groundwater recharge in a semi-arid area23
Insights into the isotopic mismatch between bulk soil water and <i>Salix matsudana</i> Koidz trunk water from root water stable isotope measurements23
Behind the scenes of streamflow model performance23
High-resolution satellite products improve hydrological modeling in northern Italy22
Ecohydrological travel times derived from in situ stable water isotope measurements in trees during a semi-controlled pot experiment22
The use of personal weather station observations to improve precipitation estimation and interpolation22
A Fast-Response Automated Gas Equilibrator (FaRAGE) for continuous in situ measurement of CH<sub>4</sub> and CO<sub>2</sub> dissolved in water22
Irrigation, damming, and streamflow fluctuations of the Yellow River22
Characteristics of droughts in Argentina's core crop region22
Improved representation of agricultural land use and crop management for large-scale hydrological impact simulation in Africa using SWAT+22
Diverging hydrological drought traits over Europe with global warming22
A graph neural network (GNN) approach to basin-scale river network learning: the role of physics-based connectivity and data fusion22
Advances in soil moisture retrieval from multispectral remote sensing using unoccupied aircraft systems and machine learning techniques21
Satellite rainfall products outperform ground observations for landslide prediction in India21
Water resources management and dynamic changes in water politics in the transboundary river basins of Central Asia21
The value of citizen science for flood risk reduction: cost–benefit analysis of a citizen observatory in the Brenta-Bacchiglione catchment21
A Water-Energy-Food Nexus approach for conducting trade-off analysis: Morocco's phosphate industry in the Khouribga region21
Signatures of human intervention – or not? Downstream intensification of hydrological drought along a large Central Asian river: the individual roles of climate variability and land use change21
Assimilation of probabilistic flood maps from SAR data into a coupled hydrologic–hydraulic forecasting model: a proof of concept21
Estimating propagation probability from meteorological to ecological droughts using a hybrid machine learning copula method21
Untangling irrigation effects on maize water and heat stress alleviation using satellite data21
Evaporation enhancement drives the European water-budget deficit during multi-year droughts21
Summary and synthesis of Changing Cold Regions Network (CCRN) research in the interior of western Canada – Part 2: Future change in cryosphere, vegetation, and hydrology21
Importance of the informative content in the study area when regionalising rainfall-runoff model parameters: the role of nested catchments and gauging station density21
Assessing global water mass transfers from continents to oceans over the period 1948–201621
Hydrologic regimes drive nitrate export behavior in human-impacted watersheds21
Hydrological response to warm and dry weather: do glaciers compensate?21
CABra: a novel large-sample dataset for Brazilian catchments21
Improved understanding of regional groundwater drought development through time series modelling: the 2018–2019 drought in the Netherlands20
Calibration of a lumped karst system model and application to the Qachqouch karst spring (Lebanon) under climate change conditions20
Interaction of soil water and groundwater during the freezing–thawing cycle: field observations and numerical modeling20
A combination of soil water extraction methods quantifies the isotopic mixing of waters held at separate tensions in soil20
Sensitivity of meteorological-forcing resolution on hydrologic variables20
Watershed zonation through hillslope clustering for tractably quantifying above- and below-ground watershed heterogeneity and functions20
Rainfall interception and redistribution by a common North American understory and pasture forb, <i>Eupatorium capillifolium</i> (Lam. dogfennel)20
GRAINet: mapping grain size distributions in river beds from UAV images with convolutional neural networks20
Stochastic simulation of streamflow and spatial extremes: a continuous, wavelet-based approach20
Data assimilation for continuous global assessment of severe conditions over terrestrial surfaces20
Modeling and interpreting hydrological responses of sustainable urban drainage systems with explainable machine learning methods20
Microphysical features of typhoon and non-typhoon rainfall observed in Taiwan, an island in the northwestern Pacific20
Reduction of vegetation-accessible water storage capacity after deforestation affects catchment travel time distributions and increases young water fractions in a headwater catchment20
Data-driven estimates of evapotranspiration and its controls in the Congo Basin20
Karst spring discharge modeling based on deep learning using spatially distributed input data20
Learning about precipitation lapse rates from snow course data improves water balance modeling20
The 63-year changes in annual streamflow volumes across Europe with a focus on the Mediterranean basin20
Bias in dynamically downscaled rainfall characteristics for hydroclimatic projections20
Low hydrological connectivity after summer drought inhibits DOC export in a forested headwater catchment19
Hydrology and water resources management in ancient India19
Vegetation greening weakened the capacity of water supply to China's South-to-North Water Diversion Project19
Widespread decline in terrestrial water storage and its link to teleconnections across Asia and eastern Europe19
Improving hydrologic models for predictions and process understanding using neural ODEs19
Using soil water isotopes to infer the influence of contrasting urban green space on ecohydrological partitioning19
Future changes in annual, seasonal and monthly runoff signatures in contrasting Alpine catchments in Austria19
Projected changes in Rhine River flood seasonality under global warming19
Impact of detention dams on the probability distribution of floods19
Multi-objective calibration by combination of stochastic and gradient-like parameter generation rules – the caRamel algorithm19
High-resolution drought simulations and comparison to soil moisture observations in Germany18
Regionalization of hydrological model parameters using gradient boosting machine18
Learning from satellite observations: increased understanding of catchment processes through stepwise model improvement18
Mapping groundwater abstractions from irrigated agriculture: big data, inverse modeling, and a satellite–model fusion approach18
Estimation of subsurface soil moisture from surface soil moisture in cold mountainous areas18
Regional, multi-decadal analysis on the Loire River basin reveals that stream temperature increases faster than air temperature18
Hydrological and runoff formation processes based on isotope tracing during ablation period in the source regions of Yangtze River18
Future water temperature of rivers in Switzerland under climate change investigated with physics-based models18
The value of water isotope data on improving process understanding in a glacierized catchment on the Tibetan Plateau18
Technical note: Hydrology modelling R packages – a unified analysis of models and practicalities from a user perspective18
New flood frequency estimates for the largest river in Norway based on the combination of short and long time series18
On the selection of precipitation products for the regionalisation of hydrological model parameters18
A coupled atmospheric–hydrologic modeling system with variable grid sizes for rainfall–runoff simulation in semi-humid and semi-arid watersheds: how does the coupling scale affects the results?18
A comparative study of plant water extraction methods for isotopic analyses: Scholander-type pressure chamber vs. cryogenic vacuum distillation18
Evaluating different machine learning methods to simulate runoff from extensive green roofs18
An uncertainty partition approach for inferring interactive hydrologic risks18
Comparing Bayesian and traditional end-member mixing approaches for hydrograph separation in a glacierized basin17
Snowpack dynamics in the Lebanese mountains from quasi-dynamically downscaled ERA5 reanalysis updated by assimilating remotely sensed fractional snow-covered area17
Ecosystem adaptation to climate change: the sensitivity of hydrological predictions to time-dynamic model parameters17
AI-based techniques for multi-step streamflow forecasts: application for multi-objective reservoir operation optimization and performance assessment17
Investigating unproductive water losses from irrigated agricultural crops in the humid tropics through analyses of stable isotopes of water17
Remotely sensed reservoir water storage dynamics (1984–2015) and the influence of climate variability and management at a global scale17
From hydraulic root architecture models to macroscopic representations of root hydraulics in soil water flow and land surface models17
Intensification characteristics of hydroclimatic extremes in the Asian monsoon region under 1.5 and 2.0 °C of global warming17
Satellite observations reveal 13 years of reservoir filling strategies, operating rules, and hydrological alterations in the Upper Mekong River basin17
Snow water equivalents exclusively from snow depths and their temporal changes: the Δsnow model17
Rivers in the sky, flooding on the ground: the role of atmospheric rivers in inland flooding in central Europe17
Modelling the artificial forest (<i>Robinia pseudoacacia</i> L.) root–soil water interactions in the Loess Plateau, China17
Machine learning deciphers CO<sub>2</sub> sequestration and subsurface flowpaths from stream chemistry17
Extreme floods in Europe: going beyond observations using reforecast ensemble pooling17
Multi-constellation GNSS interferometric reflectometry with mass-market sensors as a solution for soil moisture monitoring17
A time-varying parameter estimation approach using split-sample calibration based on dynamic programming17
Forward and inverse modeling of water flow in unsaturated soils with discontinuous hydraulic conductivities using physics-informed neural networks with domain decomposition17
Accretion, retreat and transgression of coastal wetlands experiencing sea-level rise17
Applicability of Landsat 8 thermal infrared sensor for identifying submarine groundwater discharge springs in the Mediterranean Sea basin17
New measures of deep soil water recharge during the vegetation restoration process in semi-arid regions of northern China17
Enhanced flood hazard assessment beyond decadal climate cycles based on centennial historical data (Duero basin, Spain)17
Future upstream water consumption and its impact on downstream water availability in the transboundary Indus Basin17
Using altimetry observations combined with GRACE to select parameter sets of a hydrological model in a data-scarce region16
Hydrodynamic and environmental characteristics of a tributary bay influenced by backwater jacking and intrusions from a main reservoir16
Assessment and projection of the water budget over western Canada using convection-permitting weather research and forecasting simulations16
How catchment characteristics influence hydrological pathways and travel times in a boreal landscape16
Flood spatial coherence, triggers, and performance in hydrological simulations: large-sample evaluation of four streamflow-calibrated models16
News media coverage of conflict and cooperation dynamics of water events in the Lancang–Mekong River basin16
Impact of downscaled rainfall biases on projected runoff changes16
Combining resistivity and frequency domain electromagnetic methods to investigate submarine groundwater discharge in the littoral zone16
Estimation of groundwater recharge from groundwater levels using nonlinear transfer function noise models and comparison to lysimeter data16
Dynamics of hydrological and geomorphological processes in evaporite karst at the eastern Dead Sea – a multidisciplinary study16
Frozen soil hydrological modeling for a mountainous catchment northeast of the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau16
Reservoir evaporation in a Mediterranean climate: comparing direct methods in Alqueva Reservoir, Portugal16
Flexible vector-based spatial configurations in land models16
Sources and pathways of biocides and their transformation products in urban storm water infrastructure of a 2 ha urban district16
The role and value of distributed precipitation data in hydrological models16
Evaluation and interpretation of convolutional long short-term memory networks for regional hydrological modelling16
Three hypotheses on changing river flood hazards16
Comparison of root water uptake models in simulating CO<sub>2</sub> and H<sub>2</sub>O fluxes and growth of wheat16
Effects of urbanization on the water cycle in the Shiyang River basin: based on a stable isotope method15
Theoretical and empirical evidence against the Budyko catchment trajectory conjecture15
A comparison of tools and techniques for stabilising unmanned aerial system (UAS) imagery for surface flow observations15
Modeling the response of soil moisture to climate variability in the Mediterranean region15
Long-term climate-influenced land cover change in discontinuous permafrost peatland complexes15
Xylem water in riparian willow trees (<i>Salix alba</i>) reveals shallow sources of root water uptake by in situ monitoring of stable water isotopes15
Assessing the dynamics of soil salinity with time-lapse inversion of electromagnetic data guided by hydrological modelling15
Investigating ANN architectures and training to estimate snow water equivalent from snow depth15
From mythology to science: the development of scientific hydrological concepts in Greek antiquity and its relevance to modern hydrology15
Using Long Short-Term Memory networks to connect water table depth anomalies to precipitation anomalies over Europe15
Space–time variability in soil moisture droughts in the Himalayan region15
Hydraulic shortcuts increase the connectivity of arable land areas to surface waters15
Evaluating a land surface model at a water-limited site: implications for land surface contributions to droughts and heatwaves15