Space Weather-The International Journal of Research and Applications

(The TQCC of Space Weather-The International Journal of Research and Applications is 7. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 250 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2020-06-01 to 2024-06-01.)
The Geomagnetic Kp Index and Derived Indices of Geomagnetic Activity174
Forecasting Global Ionospheric TEC Using Deep Learning Approach92
Long Short‐Term Memory Neural Network for Ionospheric Total Electron Content Forecasting Over China62
The Flare Irradiance Spectral Model‐Version 2 (FISM2)55
Development of Space Weather Reasonable Worst‐Case Scenarios for the UK National Risk Assessment48
SpaceX—Sailing Close to the Space Weather?47
Significant Ionospheric Hole and Equatorial Plasma Bubbles After the 2022 Tonga Volcano Eruption47
Prediction of Global Ionospheric TEC Based on Deep Learning45
Space Weather Environment During the SpaceX Starlink Satellite Loss in February 202243
On the Regional Variability of dB/dt and Its Significance to GIC38
Geomagnetic Pulsations Driving Geomagnetically Induced Currents36
Unveiling the Space Weather During the Starlink Satellites Destruction Event on 4 February 202236
One‐Day Forecasting of Global TEC Using a Novel Deep Learning Model35
Ionospheric Disturbances Over the Indian Sector During 8 September 2017 Geomagnetic Storm: Plasma Structuring and Propagation35
The Badhwar‐O'Neill 2020 GCR Model34
Medium Energy Electron Flux in Earth's Outer Radiation Belt (MERLIN): A Machine Learning Model33
Solar Wind Prediction Using Deep Learning32
Deep Learning for Global Ionospheric TEC Forecasting: Different Approaches and Validation30
Relativistic Electron Model in the Outer Radiation Belt Using a Neural Network Approach29
Solar Flare Intensity Prediction With Machine Learning Models28
Assessment and Validation of Three Ionospheric Models (IRI‐2016, NeQuick2, and IGS‐GIM) From 2002 to 201828
Data‐Driven Forecasting of Low‐Latitude Ionospheric Total Electron Content Using the Random Forest and LSTM Machine Learning Methods28
ED‐ConvLSTM: A Novel Global Ionospheric Total Electron Content Medium‐Term Forecast Model27
Forecasting SYM‐H Index: A Comparison Between Long Short‐Term Memory and Convolutional Neural Networks27
Conductance Model for Extreme Events: Impact of Auroral Conductance on Space Weather Forecasts27
The SET HASDM Density Database25
Multilayered Sporadic‐E Response to the Annular Solar Eclipse on June 21, 202024
Storm‐Time Modeling of the African Regional Ionospheric Total Electron Content Using Artificial Neural Networks24
Modeling Geomagnetic Interference on Railway Signaling Track Circuits24
Beating 1 Sievert: Optimal Radiation Shielding of Astronauts on a Mission to Mars23
High‐Speed Solar Wind Imprints on the Ionosphere During the Recovery Phase of the August 2018 Geomagnetic Storm22
Lyman‐alpha Variability During Solar Flares Over Solar Cycle 24 Using GOES‐15/EUVS‐E22
Geomagnetically Induced Current Model Validation From New Zealand's South Island22
Benchmarking Forecasting Models for Space Weather Drivers21
Markov Chain‐Based Stochastic Modeling of Deep Signal Fading: Availability Assessment of Dual‐Frequency GNSS‐Based Aviation Under Ionospheric Scintillation21
ASHLEY: A New Empirical Model for the High‐Latitude Electron Precipitation and Electric Field21
Numerical Simulations of the Geospace Response to the Arrival of an Idealized Perfect Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection20
Evaluation of CME Arrival Prediction Using Ensemble Modeling Based on Heliospheric Imaging Observations20
CME Magnetic Structure and IMF Preconditioning Affecting SEP Transport20
CMEs and SEPs During November–December 2020: A Challenge for Real‐Time Space Weather Forecasting20
Development of the Storm‐Induced Ionospheric Irregularities at Equatorial and Middle Latitudes During the 25–26 August 2018 Geomagnetic Storm20
A Summary of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Space Weather Prediction Center Proton Event Forecast Performance and Skill19
Solar Wind—Magnetosphere Coupling Functions: Pitfalls, Limitations, and Applications19
Machine‐Learned HASDM Thermospheric Mass Density Model With Uncertainty Quantification19
CME Evolution in the Structured Heliosphere and Effects at Earth and Mars During Solar Minimum19
Deep Neural Networks With Convolutional and LSTM Layers for SYM‐H and ASY‐H Forecasting18
Using Gradient Boosting Regression to Improve Ambient Solar Wind Model Predictions18
Solar Origins of August 26, 2018 Geomagnetic Storm: Responses of the Interplanetary Medium and Equatorial/Low‐Latitude Ionosphere to the Storm18
Probabilistic Forecasts of Storm Sudden Commencements From Interplanetary Shocks Using Machine Learning18
ML Prediction of Global Ionospheric TEC Maps18
Nighttime Magnetic Perturbation Events Observed in Arctic Canada: 3. Occurrence and Amplitude as Functions of Magnetic Latitude, Local Time, and Magnetic Disturbance Indices18
Improving Solar Wind Forecasting Using Data Assimilation17
Toward a Next Generation Particle Precipitation Model: Mesoscale Prediction Through Machine Learning (a Case Study and Framework for Progress)17
Modeling the Dynamic Variability of Sub‐Relativistic Outer Radiation Belt Electron Fluxes Using Machine Learning17
A Multi‐Purpose Heliophysics L4 Mission17
Estimating Satellite Orbital Drag During Historical Magnetic Superstorms17
On the Assessment of Daily Equatorial Plasma Bubble Occurrence Modeling and Forecasting17
Geomagnetic Storm Occurrence and Their Relation With Solar Cycle Phases17
Solar Cycle Variations of GPS Amplitude Scintillation for the Polar Region17
Ground‐Based GNSS and C/NOFS Observations of Ionospheric Irregularities Over Africa: A Case Study of the 2013 St. Patrick’s Day Geomagnetic Storm16
Thermospheric Conditions Associated With the Loss of 40 Starlink Satellites16
Geomagnetically Induced Currents and Harmonic Distortion: High Time Resolution Case Studies16
Modified GIC Estimation Using 3‐D Earth Conductivity16
Determination of Auroral Electrodynamic Parameters From AMPERE Field‐Aligned Current Measurements16
Thermospheric Neutral Density Variation During the “SpaceX” Storm: Implications From Physics‐Based Whole Geospace Modeling16
An Investigation of Ionospheric TEC Prediction Maps Over China Using Bidirectional Long Short‐Term Memory Method16
Potential of Regional Ionosphere Prediction Using a Long Short‐Term Memory Deep‐Learning Algorithm Specialized for Geomagnetic Storm Period15
Measurements and Simulations of the Geomagnetically Induced Currents in Low‐Latitude Power Networks During Geomagnetic Storms15
The Mechanism for GNSS‐Based Kinematic Positioning Degradation at High‐Latitudes Under the March 2015 Great Storm15
Geomagnetic Storm‐Induced Plasma Density Enhancements in the Southern Polar Ionospheric Region: A Comparative Study Using St. Patrick's Day Storms of 2013 and 201515
Modeling the Geomagnetic Response to the September 2017 Space Weather Event Over Fennoscandia Using the Space Weather Modeling Framework: Studying the Impacts of Spatial Resolution15
3‐D Regional Ionosphere Imaging and SED Reconstruction With a New TEC‐Based Ionospheric Data Assimilation System (TIDAS)15
Open Issues in Statistical Forecasting of Solar Proton Events: A Machine Learning Perspective14
Machine Learning for Predicting the Bz Magnetic Field Component From Upstream in Situ Observations of Solar Coronal Mass Ejections14
Distribution and Occurrence Frequency of dB/dt Spikes During Magnetic Storms 1980–202014
Impact of Inner Heliospheric Boundary Conditions on Solar Wind Predictions at Earth14
The Impact of Sudden Commencements on Ground Magnetic Field Variability: Immediate and Delayed Consequences14
Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment of the SET HASDM Database14
Relativistic Electron Flux Prediction at Geosynchronous Orbit Based on the Neural Network and the Quantile Regression Method14
The GOES‐R Solar UltraViolet Imager14
Assessing the Projection Correction of Coronal Mass Ejection Speeds on Time‐of‐Arrival Prediction Performance Using the Effective Acceleration Model14
Worst‐Case Severe Environments for Surface Charging Observed at LANL Satellites as Dependent on Solar Wind and Geomagnetic Conditions14
Assessing the Influence of Input Magnetic Maps on Global Modeling of the Solar Wind and CME‐Driven Shock in the 2013 April 11 Event13
Application of the Verified Neutron Monitor Yield Function for an Extended Analysis of the GLE # 71 on 17 May 201213
Drag‐Based CME Modeling With Heliospheric Images Incorporating Frontal Deformation: ELEvoHI 2.013
Calculation of GIC in the North Island of New Zealand Using MT Data and Thin‐Sheet Modeling13
Geomagnetically Induced Current Model in New Zealand Across Multiple Disturbances: Validation and Extension to Non‐Monitored Transformers13
Extreme‐Event Magnetic Storm Probabilities Derived From Rank Statistics of Historical Dst Intensities for Solar Cycles 14–2413
Application of a Multi‐Layer Artificial Neural Network in a 3‐D Global Electron Density Model Using the Long‐Term Observations of COSMIC, Fengyun‐3C, and Digisonde13
Forecasting GOES 15 >2 MeV Electron Fluxes From Solar Wind Data and Geomagnetic Indices13
TEC Map Completion Through a Deep Learning Model: SNP‐GAN13
Assimilation of Sparse Continuous Near‐Earth Weather Measurements by NECTAR Model Morphing13
GOLD Mission's Observation About the Geomagnetic Storm Effects on the Nighttime Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA) and Equatorial Plasma Bubbles (EPB) During a Solar Minimum Equinox13
On the Sources and Sizes of Uncertainty in Predicting the Arrival Time of Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections Using Global MHD Models13
Interpretable Machine Learning to Forecast SEP Events for Solar Cycle 2313
The Polar Cap (PC) Index: Invalid Index Series and a Different Approach12
The Prediction of Storm‐Time Thermospheric Mass Density by LSTM‐Based Ensemble Learning12
Prediction of Dynamic Plasmapause Location Using a Neural Network12
New Findings From Explainable SYM‐H Forecasting Using Gradient Boosting Machines12
Frequency Considerations in GIC Applications12
Magnetotelluric Sampling and Geoelectric Hazard Estimation: Are National‐Scale Surveys Sufficient?12
Global‐Scale Ionospheric Tomography During the March 17, 2015 Geomagnetic Storm11
The Value of CME Arrival Time Forecasts for Space Weather Mitigation11
Improved and Interpretable Solar Flare Predictions With Spatial and Topological Features of the Polarity Inversion Line Masked Magnetograms11
Ionospheric Current Variations Induced by the Solar Flares of 6 and 10 September 201711
Comparing Three Approaches to the Inducing Source Setting for the Ground Electromagnetic Field Modeling due to Space Weather Events11
A Method to Mitigate the Effects of Strong Geomagnetic Storm on GNSS Precise Point Positioning11
Real‐Time Thermospheric Density Estimation via Radar and GPS Tracking Data Assimilation11
Forecasting the Probability of Large Rates of Change of the Geomagnetic Field in the UK: Timescales, Horizons, and Thresholds11
The Thermosphere Is a Drag: The 2022 Starlink Incident and the Threat of Geomagnetic Storms to Low Earth Orbit Space Operations11
An Empirical Model of the Ionospheric Sporadic E Layer Based on GNSS Radio Occultation Data11
On the Properties of and Ionospheric Conditions Associated With a Mid‐Latitude Scintillation Event Observed Over Southern United States11
Impacts of Different Causes on the Inter‐Hemispheric Asymmetry of Ionosphere‐Thermosphere System at Mid‐ and High‐Latitudes: GITM Simulations11
The Satellite Risk Prediction and Radiation Forecast System (SaRIF)10
Evaluation of SaRIF High‐Energy Electron Reconstructions and Forecasts10
Estimating the Geoelectric Field and Electric Power Transmission Line Voltage During a Geomagnetic Storm in Alberta, Canada Using Measured Magnetotelluric Impedance Data: The Influence of Three‐Dimens10
E‐CHAIM as a Model of Total Electron Content: Performance and Diagnostics10
Effect of Additional Magnetograph Observations From Different Lagrangian Points in Sun‐Earth System on Predicted Properties of Quasi‐Steady Solar Wind at 1 AU10
ROTI‐Based Stochastic Model to Improve GNSS Precise Point Positioning Under Severe Geomagnetic Storm Activity10
Reconstruction of Extreme Geomagnetic Storms: Breaking the Data Paucity Curse10
The Impact of Solar Activity on Forecasting the Upper Atmosphere via Assimilation of Electron Density Data10
Intense, Long‐Duration Geomagnetically Induced Currents (GICs) Caused by Intense Substorm Clusters10
A Global Empirical Model of Electron Density Profile in the F Region Ionosphere Basing on COSMIC Measurements10
New Detailed Modeling of GICs in the Spanish Power Transmission Grid10
Impact Angle Control of Local Intense dB/dt Variations During Shock‐Induced Substorms10
Forbush Decrease Characteristics in a Magnetic Cloud10
Forecasting GICs and Geoelectric Fields From Solar Wind Data Using LSTMs: Application in Austria9
A‐CHAIM: Near‐Real‐Time Data Assimilation of the High Latitude Ionosphere With a Particle Filter9
Regional Ionospheric Parameter Estimation by Assimilating the LSTM Trained Results Into the SAMI2 Model9
Global Sensitivity Analysis and Uncertainty Quantification for Background Solar Wind Using the Alfvén Wave Solar Atmosphere Model9
A New Model for Nowcasting the Aviation Radiation Environment With Comparisons to In Situ Measurements During GLEs9
OSPREI: A Coupled Approach to Modeling CME‐Driven Space Weather With Automatically Generated, User‐Friendly Outputs9
A Method for Calculating Atmospheric Radiation Produced by Relativistic Electron Precipitation9
The Prediction of Day‐to‐Day Occurrence of Low Latitude Ionospheric Strong Scintillation Using Gradient Boosting Algorithm9
Amplitude Scintillation Severity and Fading Profiles Under Alignment Between GPS Propagation Paths and Equatorial Plasma Bubbles9
Validation of the DSCOVR Spacecraft Mission Space Weather Solar Wind Products9
Evaluating the Performance of a Plasma Analyzer for a Space Weather Monitor Mission Concept9
Storm Time Plasma Pressure Inferred From Multimission Measurements and Its Validation Using Van Allen Probes Particle Data9
Ionospheric F‐Layer Scintillation Variabilities Over the American Sector During Sudden Stratospheric Warming Events9
Why are ELEvoHI CME Arrival Predictions Different if Based on STEREO‐A or STEREO‐B Heliospheric Imager Observations?9
Characteristics of Ionospheric Irregularities Using GNSS Scintillation Indices Measured at Jang Bogo Station, Antarctica (74.62°S, 164.22°E)9
3D Modeling of Geomagnetically Induced Currents in Sweden—Validation and Extreme Event Analysis9
Real‐Time 3‐D Modeling of the Ground Electric Field Due To Space Weather Events. A Concept and Its Validation9
Anomalous Propagation of Radio Waves from Distant ILS Localizers Due to Ionospheric Sporadic‐E8
Estimating the Occurrence of Geomagnetic Activity Using the Hilbert‐Huang Transform and Extreme Value Theory8
Occurrence and Variations of Middle and Low Latitude Sporadic E Layer Investigated With Longitudinal and Latitudinal Chains of Ionosondes8
Ionospheric Scale Index Map Based on TEC Data for Space Weather Studies and Applications8
Parameter Distributions for the Drag‐Based Modeling of CME Propagation8
Mapping a Magnetic Superstorm: March 1989 Geoelectric Hazards and Impacts on United States Power Systems8
A Large Simulation Set of Geomagnetic Storms—Can Simulations Predict Ground Magnetometer Station Observations of Magnetic Field Perturbations?8
Observing System Impact on Ionospheric Specification Over China Using EnKF Assimilation8
Ionospheric Phase Scintillation Index Estimation Based on 1 Hz Geodetic GNSS Receiver Measurements by Using Continuous Wavelet Transform8
Study of the Impact of Past Extreme Solar Events on the Modern Air Traffic8
Relationships Between foF2 and Various Solar Activity Proxies8
An Hourly Prediction Model of Relativistic Electrons Based on Empirical Mode Decomposition8
Development and Validation of Precipitation Enhanced Densities for the Empirical Canadian High Arctic Ionospheric Model8
Global Ionospheric TEC Forecasting for Geomagnetic Storm Time Using a Deep Learning‐Based Multi‐Model Ensemble Method8
Tests of a New Solar Flare Model Against D and E Region Ionosphere Data8
Beyond Basic Drag in Interplanetary CME Modeling: Effects of Solar Wind Pileup and High‐Speed Streams8
The First Ground‐Level Enhancement of Solar Cycle 25 as Seen by the High‐Energy Particle Detector (HEPD‐01) on Board the CSES‐01 Satellite8
Evaluation of Physics‐Based Data Assimilation System Driven by Neutral Density Data From a Single Satellite8
Analysis of Long‐Term GIC Measurements in Transformers in Austria8
Galactic Cosmic Radiation in the Interplanetary Space Through a Modern Secular Minimum8
Nowcasting and Validating Earth's Electric Field Response to Extreme Space Weather Events Using Magnetotelluric Data: Application to the September 2017 Geomagnetic Storm and Comparison to Observed and8
Geomagnetically Induced Current Modeling in New Zealand: Extreme Storm Analysis Using Multiple Disturbance Scenarios and Industry Provided Hazard Magnitudes8
Recreating the Horizontal Magnetic Field at Colaba During the Carrington Event With Geospace Simulations8
Radiation Belt Model Including Semi‐Annual Variation and Solar Driving (Sentinel)7
Latitudinal, Diurnal, and Seasonal Variations in the Accuracy of an RTK Positioning System and Its Relationship With Ionospheric Irregularities7
A Peculiar ICME Event in August 2018 Observed With the Global Muon Detector Network7
A Prediction Model of Relativistic Electrons at Geostationary Orbit Using the EMD‐LSTM Network and Geomagnetic Indices7
Instability Mechanisms for the F‐Region Plasma Irregularities Inside the Midlatitude Ionospheric Trough: Swarm Observations7
Opening the Black Box of the Radiation Belt Machine Learning Model7
Reconstruction of the Radiation Belts for Solar Cycles 17–24 (1933–2017)7
Observations From NOAA's Newest Solar Proton Sensor7
The Impact of Assimilating Ionosphere and Thermosphere Observations on Neutral Temperature Improvement: Observing System Simulation Experiments Using EnKF7
Science Through Machine Learning: Quantification of Post‐Storm Thermospheric Cooling7
On the Considerations of Using Near Real Time Data for Space Weather Hazard Forecasting7
Variations of TEC Over Iberian Peninsula in 2015 Due to Geomagnetic Storms and Solar Flares7
Forcing From Lower Thermosphere and Quiet Time Scintillation Longitudinal Dependence7
Impacts of Auroral Precipitation on HF Propagation: A Hypothetical Over‐the‐Horizon Radar Case Study7
MHD Modeling of the Background Solar Wind in the Inner Heliosphere From 0.1 to 5.5 AU: Comparison With In Situ Observations7
Validating GIC Modeling in the Spanish Power Grid by Differential Magnetometry7
Forecasting Occurrence and Intensity of Geomagnetic Activity With Pattern‐Matching Approaches7
Harmonization of RBSP and Arase Energetic Electron Measurements Utilizing ESA Radiation Monitor Data7
Probabilistic Prediction of Dst Storms One‐Day‐Ahead Using Full‐Disk SoHO Images7
FTA: A Feature Tracking Empirical Model of Auroral Precipitation7
Evaluation of Total Electron Content Prediction Using Three Ionosphere‐Thermosphere Models7
Solar Wind Speed Prediction With Two‐Dimensional Attention Mechanism7
Attention‐Based Machine Vision Models and Techniques for Solar Wind Speed Forecasting Using Solar EUV Images7
Characterizing Auroral‐Zone Absorption Based on Global Kp and Regional Geomagnetic Hourly Range Indices7
Reconstructing the Dynamics of the Outer Electron Radiation Belt by Means of the Standard and Ensemble Kalman Filter With the VERB‐3D Code7
Quantifying the Uncertainty in CME Kinematics Derived From Geometric Modeling of Heliospheric Imager Data7
Auroral Drivers of Large dB∕dt During Geomagnetic Storms7