Mechanics Based Design of Structures and Machines

(The TQCC of Mechanics Based Design of Structures and Machines is 5. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 250 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2020-07-01 to 2024-07-01.)
Vibration and static buckling behavior of variable thickness flexoelectric nanoplates33
Study on the dynamic response correction factor of a coupled high-speed train–track–bridge system under near-fault earthquakes32
Post-buckling behavior of functionally graded and carbon-nanotubes based structures with different mechanical loadings32
On the buckling of the polymer-CNT-fiber nanocomposite annular system under thermo-mechanical loads30
A comparison between the effects of shape memory alloys and carbon nanotubes on the thermal buckling of laminated composite beams29
Vibration of FG nano-sized beams embedded in Winkler elastic foundation and with various boundary conditions29
Static, natural frequency and dynamic analyses of functionally graded porous annular sector plates reinforced by graphene platelets26
A comprehensive study on nonlinear hygro-thermo-mechanical analysis of thick functionally graded porous rotating disk based on two quasi-three-dimensional theories25
Dynamic analysis of FG nanobeam reinforced by carbon nanotubes and resting on elastic foundation under moving load25
Analytical solution approach for nonlinear vibration of shear deformable imperfect FG-GPLR porous nanocomposite cylindrical shells25
Optimization of CNT/polymer/fiber laminated truncated conical panels for maximum fundamental frequency and minimum cost25
Static response and free-vibration analysis of a functionally graded annular elliptical sector plate made of saturated porous material based on 3D finite element method25
Vibrational responses of a MHC viscoelastic thick annular plate in thermal environment using GDQ method25
Free vibration problem of fluid-conveying double-walled boron nitride nanotubes via nonlocal strain gradient theory in thermal environment24
Vibration response of symmetric and sigmoid functionally graded beam rested on elastic foundation under moving point mass23
On buckling and post-buckling of rotating clamped-clamped functionally graded beams in thermal environment23
Hybrid genetic algorithm based smooth global-path planning for a mobile robot23
A rotational gravitational stressed and voids effect on an electromagnetic photothermal semiconductor medium under three models of thermoelasticity22
Free vibration analysis of rotating functionally graded GPL-reinforced truncated thick conical shells under different boundary conditions22
Effect of moving heat source on a magneto-thermoelastic rod in the context of Eringen’s nonlocal theory under three-phase lag with a memory dependent derivative22
Deflections, stresses and free vibration analysis of bi-functionally graded sandwich plates resting on Pasternak’s elastic foundations via a hybrid quasi-3D theory21
Nonlinear bending analysis of size-dependent FG porous microtubes in thermal environment based on modified couple stress theory21
Numerical assessment of the effects of ADAS yielding metallic dampers on the structural behavior of steel shear walls (SSWs)21
Effect of several fields on a generalized thermoelastic medium with voids in the context of Lord-Shulman or dual-phase-lag models21
Weight optimization of axially functionally graded microbeams under buckling and vibration behaviors20
Static stability analysis of multi-scale hybrid agglomerated nanocomposite shells19
Bending analysis of functionally graded sandwich plates using HOZT including transverse displacement effects19
Vibration control of cantilever beam using poling tuned piezoelectric actuator19
The application of the nonlocal theory and various shear strain theories for bending and free vibration analysis of organic nanoplates19
An investigation of stored energy in uniaxial and biaxial directional rolling on mechanical properties and microstructure of pure copper19
Vibration and stability characteristics of functionally graded sandwich plates with/without porosity subjected to localized edge loadings18
Free vibration analysis of honeycomb doubly curved shell integrated with CNT-reinforced piezoelectric layers18
Nonlocal vibration characteristics of a functionally graded porous cylindrical nanoshell integrated with arbitrary arrays of piezoelectric elements17
On the active damping of vibrations using electromagnetic spring17
Size-dependent isogeometric analysis of bi-directional functionally graded microbeams reinforced by graphene nanoplatelets17
Numerical phase-field vibration analysis of cracked functionally graded GPL-RC plates17
Probability analysis of train-bridge coupled system considering track irregularities and parameter uncertainty17
Evaluation of optimum length scale parameters in longitudinal wave propagation on nonlocal strain gradient carbon nanotubes by lattice dynamics17
Boundary layer modeling of surface residual tension in postbuckling behavior of axially loaded silicon panels at nanoscale embedded in elastic foundations17
Finite element analysis (FEA) of frictional contact phenomenon on vehicle braking system17
Dynamic modeling of closed-chain robotic manipulators in the presence of frictional dynamic forces: A planar case16
Geometrically nonlinear analysis of doubly curved imperfect shallow shells made of functionally graded carbon nanotube reinforced composite (FG_CNTRC)16
On the NURBS-based isogeometric analysis for couple stress-based nonlinear instability of PFGM microplates16
Finite element framework for static analysis of temperature dependent IHSDT based functionally graded CNT reinforced plates15
Thermally induced postbuckling of higher order shear deformable CNT-reinforced composite flat and cylindrical panels resting on elastic foundations with elastically restrained edges15
Improving the impact resistance of the multilayer composites using nanoparticles15
Assessment of negative Poisson’s ratio effect on the postbuckling of pressure-loaded FG-CNTRC laminated cylindrical shells15
Free and forced thermomechanical vibration and buckling responses of functionally graded magneto-electro-elastic porous nanoplates14
Memory and dynamic response of a thermoelastic functionally graded nanobeams due to a periodic heat flux14
Stochastic normal mode frequency analysis of hybrid angle ply laminated composite skew plate with opening using a novel approach14
Vibration response analysis of sigmoidal functionally graded piezoelectric (FGP) porous plate under thermo-electric environment14
Large-amplitude dynamical behavior of multilayer graphene platelets reinforced nanocomposite annular plate under thermo-mechanical loadings14
On the natural frequencies of smart circular plates with magnetorheological fluid core embedded between magnetostrictive patches on Kerr elastic substance14
Crashworthiness analysis of bio-inspired thin-walled tubes based on Morpho wings microstructures14
Developing an analytical solution for a thermally tunable soft actuator under finite bending14
Medium-scale resonant wave barrier for seismic surface waves14
Agglomeration effects of CNTs on the energy harvesting performance of multifield interactive magneto-electro-elastic/nanocomposite unimorph smart beam13
Nonlinear buckling analysis of stiffened FG-GRC laminated cylindrical shells subjected to axial compressive load in thermal environment13
Magneto-thermoelastic interaction with memory response due to laser pulse under Green-Naghdi theory in an orthotropic medium13
Analytical study of two-dimensional thermo-mechanical responses of viscoelastic skin tissue with temperature-dependent thermal conductivity and rheological properties13
Vibrational frequencies of FG-GPLRC viscoelastic rectangular plate subjected to different temperature loadings based on higher-order shear deformation theory and utilizing GDQ procedure13
On the vibrations of a high-speed rotating multi-hybrid nanocomposite reinforced cantilevered microdisk13
An improved first order approximate reliability analysis method for uncertain structures based on evidence theory13
A fast simulation approach to assess draft gear loads for heavy haul trains during braking12
Functionally graded thick sandwich beams with porous core: Buckling analysis via differential transform method12
Dynamic characteristics of laminated composite CNT reinforced MRE cylindrical sandwich shells using HSDT12
Static and thermal instability analysis of embedded functionally graded carbon nanotube-reinforced composite plates based on HSDT via GDQM and validated modeling by neural network12
Numerical model of a single stage gearbox under variable regime12
Nonlinear forced vibrations of nanocomposite-reinforced viscoelastic thick annular system under hygrothermal environment12
Reflection of magneto-photothermal plasma waves in a diffusion semiconductor in two-temperature with multi-phase-lag thermoelasticity12
Thermal effect on forced vibration analysis of FG nanobeam subjected to moving load by Laplace transform method12
Forced vibration analysis of viscoelastic helical rods with varying cross-section and functionally graded material12
Effect of dual-phase-lag model on free vibrations of isotropic homogenous nonlocal thermoelastic hollow sphere with voids11
Nonlinear forced vibration and resonance analysis of rotating stiffened FGM truncated conical shells in a thermal environment11
Mathematical analysis on the propagation of Griffith crack in an initially stressed strip subjected to punch pressure11
Thermal-microstretch elastic semiconductor medium with rotation field during photothermal transport processes11
A nonlocal strain gradient model for nonlinear dynamic behavior of bi-directional functionally graded porous nanoplates on elastic foundations11
Vibration response of a geometrically discontinuous bi-directional functionally graded plate resting on elastic foundations in thermal environment with initial imperfections11
Free vibration and modal stress analysis of FG-CNTRC beams under hygrothermal conditions using zigzag theory11
A novel mathematical approach for finite element formulation of flexible robot dynamics11
Analyzing nonlinear vibration of metal foam stiffened toroidal convex/concave shell segments considering porosity distribution11
A new approach for measurement of the fracture toughness using the edge cracked semi-cylinder disk (ECSD) concrete specimens11
Aluminum foam to improve crash safety performance: a numerical simulation approach for the automotive industry11
Thermoelastic interactions in a functionally graded material with gravity and rotation under dual-phase-lag heat conduction11
Modal analysis of cracked FGM beam with piezoelectric layer11
Bending, buckling and free vibration behaviors of thin-walled functionally graded sandwich and composite channel-section beams11
Comparative study of different porosity models for the nonlinear free vibration analysis of the functionally graded cylindrical panels11
Large deformation of hyperelastic thick-walled vessels under combined extension-torsion-pressure: analytical solution and FEM11
Combined interface shape and material stiffness optimization for uniform distribution of contact stress10
Minimization of surface roughness in 5-axis milling of turbine blades10
Influence of gravity, magnetic field, and thermal shock on mechanically loaded rotating FGDPTM structure under Green-Naghdi theory10
Performance enhancement of functionally graded piezoelectric tile by tailoring poling orientation10
Postbuckling responses of porous FGM spherical caps and circular plates including edge constraints and nonlinear three-parameter elastic foundations10
Buckling analysis of the porous sandwich functionally graded plates resting on Pasternak foundations by Navier solution combined with a new refined quasi-3D hyperbolic shear deformation theory10
Nonlinear forced vibrations of nonlocal strain gradient microbeams10
A closed-form solution for asymmetric free vibration analysis of composite cylindrical shells with metamaterial honeycomb core layer based on shear deformation theory10
Vibrations of graphene platelet reinforced composite doubly curved shells subjected to thermal shock10
Thermal vibration analysis of functionally graded porous plates with variable thickness resting on elastic foundations using finite element method10
Large amplitude vibration of sandwich beams with GPLRC face sheets and porous core under moving load10
Experimental and numerical looseness detection and assessment in flanged joints using vibro-acoustic modulation method10
Numerical solution of DPL heat transfer model in multi-layer biological skin tissue of the living body during hyperthermia treatment10
Free vibration analysis of uniform thickness and stepped P-FGM plates: A FSDT-based dynamic stiffness approach10
Generalized functionally graded thermoelastic layer under the effect of volumetric absorption of laser radiation10
Three-dimensional static analysis of a viscoelastic rectangular functionally graded material plate embedded between piezoelectric sensor and actuator layers9
A comprehensive study on multi-objective design optimization of spur gear9
Bending response of porous advanced composite plates under thermomechanical loads9
Analysis of the gas-solid coupling horizontal vibration response and aerodynamic characteristics of a high-speed elevator9
Seismic response prediction of a train-bridge coupled system based on a LSTM neural network9
Thermo-torsional buckling and postbuckling of thin FGM cylindrical shells with porosities and tangentially restrained edges9
Thermal shock response of porous functionally graded sandwich curved beam using a new layerwise theory9
An investigation of hybrid models FEA coupled with AHP-ELECTRE, RSM-GA, and ANN-GA into the process parameter optimization of high-quality deep-drawn cylindrical copper cups9
Vibrational behavior of temperature-dependent imperfect functionally graded plate lying on an elastic substrate9
Application of GDQ method to large amplitude response of FGM joined spherical-conical shells under rapid surface heating9
Vibration characteristics and optimal design of composite sandwich beam with partially configured hybrid MR-Elastomers9
Dynamic analysis of rotating laminated composite cantilever plates reinforced with graphene nanoplatelets using the element-free IMLS-Ritz method9
Size-dependent nonlinear harmonically soft excited oscillations of nonlocal strain gradient FGM composite truncated conical microshells with magnetostrictive facesheets9
Nonlinear vibrations of gradient and nonlocal elastic nano-bars9
Nonlinear electromechanical analysis of micro/nanobeams based on the nonlocal strain gradient theory tuned by flexoelectric and piezoelectric effects9
Meshfree analysis of functionally graded plates with a novel four-unknown arctangent exponential shear deformation theory8
A memory-dependent thermal-viscoelastic model and its application in heating-induced nonlocal response analysis of a polymer microbeam8
On the mechanics of shear deformable micro beams under thermo-mechanical loads using finite element analysis and deep learning neural network8
An open-source framework for the FE modeling and optimal design of fiber-steered variable-stiffness composite cylinders using water strider algorithm8
Study of crack’s effect on the natural frequencies of bi-directional functionally graded beam8
Energy optimal point-to-point motion profile optimization8
Static analysis of the FG with spatial coordinates cylindrical nanoshells in thermal environment8
Three-dimensional numerical simulation of unsteady airflow in high-speed/ultra-high-speed elevator based on multi-region dynamic layering method8
Effect of the fiber orientation angle on the vibrational behavior of symmetric and antisymmetric VSLC elliptical plates8
An experimental study on a self-centering damper based on shape-memory alloy wires8
Free vibration analysis of rotating functionally graded conical shells reinforced by anisogrid lattice structure8
Green water evolution on a fixed structure induced by incoming wave trains8
Reliability analysis of composite anisogrid lattice interstage structure8
Quasi-3D nonlinear flexural response of isogeometric functionally graded CNT-reinforced plates with various shapes with variable thicknesses8
Computational efficient discrete time transfer matrix method for large deformation analysis of flexible manipulators8
Vibration analysis of nonuniform hyperboloidal and barrel helices made of functionally graded material8
Post-Yield characteristics of electrorheological fluids in nonlinear vibration analysis of smart sandwich panels8
Vibration response analysis of the bi-directional porous functionally graded piezoelectric (BD-FGP) plate8
A third-order polynomial for the free vibration response of 3D braided curved panels using various boundary conditions8
Geometric design and deployment behavior of origami inspired conical structures8
Analytical solution for thermoelastic oscillations of nonlocal strain gradient nanobeams with dual-phase-lag heat conduction8
Variational principle, uniqueness and reciprocity theorems for higher order time-fractional four-phase-lag generalized thermoelastic diffusion model7
Effect of porosity on the thermal buckling of functionally graded material (FGM) sandwich plates under different boundary conditions7
The effects of coolant on the cutting temperature, surface roughness and tool wear in turning operations of Ti6Al4V alloy7
Snap-through instability of slightly curved beams under sinusoidal loading based on nonlocal elasticity theory7
Static, buckling, and free vibration characteristics of porous skew partially functionally graded magneto-electro-elastic plate7
An investigation of the crashworthiness performance and optimization of tetra-chiral and reentrant crash boxes7
P-waves reflection in a semiconducting photothermal diffusion medium with initial stress and magnetic field7
Parameter identification of Bouc–Wen type hysteresis models using homotopy optimization7
Investigation and prediction of hybrid composite leaf spring using deep neural network based rat swarm optimization7
Wave propagation analysis of cylindrical sandwich shell with auxetic core utilizing first-order shear deformable theory (FSDT)7
Design for energy absorption using snap-through bistable metamaterials7
Bolt clamping force versus torque relation (F-T relation) during tightening and untightening the nut having slight pitch difference7
Influence of microstructural defects on free flexural vibration of cracked functionally graded plates in thermal medium using XFEM7
Experimental ballistic performance of friction stir processed aluminum (AA6061-B4C) surface composite7
Analyzing of continuous and discontinuous contact problems of a functionally graded layer: theory of elasticity and finite element method7
Theoretical development and numerical analysis on the energy absorption of tapered multi-cell automotive structures under oblique impacts7
Analytical investigation on sound transmission loss of functionally graded nanocomposite cylindrical shells reinforced by carbon nanotubes7
Nonlinear pyrocoupled dynamic response of functionally graded magnetoelectroelastic plates under blast loading in thermal environment7
Investigation of sloshing effects on lateral stability of tank vehicles during turning maneuver7
Elastodynamic analysis of multibody systems and parametric mass matrix derivation7
Study of deformation due to thermal shock in porous thermoelastic material with reference temperature dependent properties7
Mathematical modeling of vibration failure caused by balancing effect in hydraulic turbines7
On the damping influence on the dynamic analysis of functionally graded beams resting on elastic foundation by Green’s function method7
Analytical solution for nonlinear forced vibrations of functionally graded micro resonators7
Adjoint sensitivity index-3 augmented Lagrangian formulation with projections7
Two-dimensional low-velocity impact analysis of curved sandwich beams with FG-CNTRC face sheets and porous core7
Characterization and quantification of railroad spiral-joint discontinuities7
A study on the frame of a memory-dependent derivative in a micropolar thermoelastic medium under the effect of the variable thermal conductivity7
Analytical relationships for yield stress of five mechanical meta-biomaterials7
Experimental study on the energy consumption of gasoline engine lubricating pumps in standardized driving cycles7
Geometric/microstructural imperfection sensitivity in the vibration characteristics of geometrically non-uniform functionally graded plates with mixed boundary conditions7
Effect of elliptical cutouts on buckling and vibration characteristics of stiffened composite panels under non-uniform edge loads7
Stress wave propagation analysis of 2D-FGM axisymmetric finite hollow thick cylinder7
A micromechanical model for overlapped short platelet-reinforced composites6
Effect of primary magnetic intensity and rotation on wave propagation in generalized thermo-piezoelectric anisotropic smart materials6
Nonlocal strain gradient-based meshless collocation model for nonlinear dynamics of time-dependent actuated beam-type energy harvesters at nanoscale6
Mathematical analysis of surface wave transference through imperfect interface in FGPM bedded structure6
An innovative torsional vibration absorber of vehicle powertrain system: Prototype design, performance test, and control experiment6
Two-dimensional axisymmetric thermoelastic problem for an infinite-space with a cylindrical heat source of a different material under Green–Lindsay theory6
Numerical analysis on the dynamics behavior of FGM rotor in thermal environment using h-p finite element method6
Dynamic response analysis of girder-orbit systems considering the constraining effect of orbit extension under moving load6
A comprehensive analysis of in-plane functionally graded plates using improved first-order mixed finite element model6
Size-dependent frequency analysis of the magneto-electro-elastic rotary microdisk by incorporating modified couple stress and higher-order shear deformation theories6
Biaxial buckling analysis of an innovative active sandwich plate6
Investigation of the interaction between concrete-gypsum interface and internal notch using experimental test and numerical simulation6
Electro–magneto–thermoelastic interactions in initially stressed orthotropic medium with Green–Naghdi model type-III6
Effect of phase lags of moisture–heat flow on the hygrothermoelastic field of hollow cylinders with convective surfaces6
Thermal buckling analysis of a functionally graded microshell based on higher-order shear deformation and modified couple stress theories6
Optimum design and analysis of a novel planar eight-bar linkage mechanism6
A new low-energy nonlinear variable stiffness actuator for the knee joint6
Buckling of laminated plates subjected to non-uniform distributed in-plane force6
Design of a small wheel-foot hybrid firefighting robot for infrared visual fire recognition6
Field equations and memory effects in a functionally graded magneto-thermoelastic rod6
Strength, ductility, and energy dissipation capacity of RC column strengthened with CFRP strip under axial load6
Nonlinear mechanics of a thin-walled honeycomb with zero Poisson’s ratio6
Evaluation of transverse shear properties of various 3D-printed bioinspired modified honeycomb core: Numerical and experimental study6
Dynamic stability analysis of inclined galloping based piezoelectric energy harvester employing finite element method6
Torsional buckling response of FG porous thick truncated conical shell panels reinforced by GPLs supporting on Winkler elastic foundation6
Nonlinear bending of FG metal/graphene sandwich microplates with metal foam core resting on nonlinear elastic foundations via a new plate theory6
Wave reflection by the free boundary of a microstructured flexoelectric half-space6
Effect of reinforced cutouts on the buckling and vibration performance of hybrid fiber metal laminates6
Vehicle and twin-roller chassis dynamometer model considering slip tire interactions6
Nonlinear fully coupled thermoelastic transient analysis of axial functionally graded composite panel6
Nonlinear geometry effects investigation on free vibrations of beams using shear deformation theory6
Novel finite element modeling for free vibration and buckling analysis of non-uniform thickness 2D-FG sandwich porous plates using refined Quasi 3D theory6
Aero-Hygro-Thermoelastic size-dependent analysis of NCMF-reinforced GNPs sector microplates located between piezoelectric patches in supersonic flow considering surface stress effects5
Dynamic response analysis of multi-span bridge-track structure system under moving loads5
Nonlocal thermoelasticity: Transient heat conduction effects on the linear and nonlinear vibration of single-walled carbon nanotubes5
Buckling of multilayered CNT/GPL/fibre/polymer hybrid composite plates resting on elastic support using modified nonlocal first-order plate theory5
Kinetostatic design and development of a non-fully symmetric parallel Delta robot with one structural simplified kinematic linkage5
Vibration response of the exponential functionally graded material plate with variable thickness resting on the orthotropic Pasternak foundation5
Effect of material distribution on bending and buckling response of a bidirectional FG beam exposed to a combined transverses and variable axially loads5
Thermo-electro-mechanical vibration and buckling analysis of quadrilateral and triangular nanoplates with the nonlocal finite strip method5
Stability analysis of imperfect functionally graded CNTs reinforced curved beams5
Assessment of critical buckling load of bi-directional functionally graded truncated conical micro-shells using modified couple stress theory and Ritz method5
Drag reduction characteristics of the skin made of micro floating raft arrays based on immersed boundary method5
Modeling and optimizing an acoustic metamaterial to minimize low-frequency structure-borne sound5
Nonlocal thermoelastic waves inside nanobeam resonator subject to various loadings5
A novel nonlocal higher-order strain gradient shell theory for static analysis of CNTRC doubly-curved nanoshells subjected to thermo-mechanical loading5
Strain gradient vibration analysis of piezoelectric composite microplate reinforced with FG-GPLs based on sinusoidal shear deformation theory5
Stochastic vibration and buckling analysis of functionally graded sandwich thin-walled beams5
An interval-based multi-objective robust design optimization for vehicle dynamics5
Structural optimization with explicit geometric constraints using a B-spline representation5
Buckling analysis of FGM plate exposed to different loads conditions5
A flexible tool for joining dissimilar materials by the novel hole hemming process5
Nonlinear response of rotor system with bearing dynamic misalignment5
Analytic investigation of chaos areas in the response of a Kelvin–Voigt viscoelastic plate under combined harmonically parametric and randomly external excitations5
On the attitude stabilization of a rigid body under control with distributed delay5
Effect of a magnetic field and initial stress on the P-waves in a photothermal semiconducting medium with an internal heat source5
Nonlinear vibration analysis of functionally graded porous circular plates under hygro-thermal loading5
Generation of a gait pattern for a lower limb rehabilitation exoskeleton5
Stability analysis of conveying-nanofluid CNT under magnetic field based on nonlocal couple stress theory and fluid-structure interaction5
Accurate free and forced vibration behavior prediction of functionally graded sandwich beams with variable cross-section: A finite element assessment5
Time-varying reliability and global sensitivity analysis of regenerative chatter stability in turning considering tool wear5
Higher-order finite element solution of graphene platelets reinforced nanocomposite curved panels with uniform/non-uniform porosity5
Size-dependent nonlinear thermomechanical in-plane stability of shallow arches at micro/nano-scale including nonlocal and couple stress tensors5
Static and dynamic control of smart damaged variable stiffness laminated composite plate with piezoelectric layers5
Comparison of loosening behavior of bolted joints using plain and spring washers with full-threaded and plain shank bolts5
Vibration and thermomechanical transient response of doubly curved FGM panels with porosities and elastically restrained edges5
Exact solutions for thin-walled composite open section beams using a unified state space coupled field formulation5
6AP wheel: A new transformable robotic wheel for traction force improvement and halting avoidance of a UGV on soft terrains5
Influence of porosity and nonuniform in-plane edge loads on vibration and buckling response of power law and sigmoid function based FG sandwich plates with geometrical discontinuities5
Snap-through analysis of multistable laminate using the variational asymptotic method5
The influence of the steel fibers on improvement of mechanical characteristic of concrete5
Thermo-mechanical buckling analysis of thick beams reinforced with agglomerated CNTs with temperature-dependent thermo-mechanical properties under a nonuniform thermal loading5
Reflection waves phenomena in a rotating magneto-micropolar thermoelastic medium with temperature dependency and gravity using Green–Naghdi theory5
Experimental validation for the employment of shifting strategies optimized via i-AWGA in a gear shift indicator system for manual transmission vehicles5