Biosystems Engineering

(The TQCC of Biosystems Engineering is 13. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 250 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2020-05-01 to 2024-05-01.)
Identification and recognition of rice diseases and pests using convolutional neural networks270
Channel pruned YOLO V5s-based deep learning approach for rapid and accurate apple fruitlet detection before fruit thinning152
Yield estimation in cotton using UAV-based multi-sensor imagery123
Faster R–CNN–based apple detection in dense-foliage fruiting-wall trees using RGB and depth features for robotic harvesting123
Instance segmentation of apple flowers using the improved mask R–CNN model101
Detecting powdery mildew disease in squash at different stages using UAV-based hyperspectral imaging and artificial intelligence92
Recognition of diseased Pinus trees in UAV images using deep learning and AdaBoost classifier83
Detection of maturity stages of coconuts in complex background using Faster R-CNN model76
A computer vision-based method for spatial-temporal action recognition of tail-biting behaviour in group-housed pigs71
Image analysis for individual identification and feeding behaviour monitoring of dairy cows based on Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN)70
Combining plant height, canopy coverage and vegetation index from UAV-based RGB images to estimate leaf nitrogen concentration of summer maize62
Safety and ergonomics in human-robot interactive agricultural operations62
Visual detection of green mangoes by an unmanned aerial vehicle in orchards based on a deep learning method62
Combining generative adversarial networks and agricultural transfer learning for weeds identification55
Yield estimation of soybean breeding lines under drought stress using unmanned aerial vehicle-based imagery and convolutional neural network53
Application of hyperspectral imaging systems and artificial intelligence for quality assessment of fruit, vegetables and mushrooms: A review52
A real-time table grape detection method based on improved YOLOv4-tiny network in complex background49
Animal-related, non-invasive indicators for determining heat stress in dairy cows49
A review of measuring, assessing and mitigating heat stress in dairy cattle48
Non-destructive evaluation of soluble solids content of apples using a developed portable Vis/NIR device47
Determination of material and interaction properties of maize and wheat kernels for DEM simulation46
A litchi fruit recognition method in a natural environment using RGB-D images46
A data fusion approach on confocal Raman microspectroscopy and electronic nose for quantitative evaluation of pesticide residue in tea45
Classification of drinking and drinker-playing in pigs by a video-based deep learning method44
Meta-analysis of greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions from dairy manure composting42
Influence of the downwash airflow distribution characteristics of a plant protection UAV on spray deposit distribution42
Scaled-up rice grain modelling for DEM calibration and the validation of hopper flow42
Performance analysis of a tractor - power harrow system under different working conditions41
Numerical simulation of airflow field from a six–rotor plant protection drone using lattice Boltzmann method40
Automatic recognition of feeding and foraging behaviour in pigs using deep learning40
Simulation of rice threshing performance with concentric and non-concentric threshing gaps39
Automatic non-destructive video estimation of maturation levels in Fuji apple (Malus Malus pumila) fruit in orchard based on colour (Vis) and spectral (NIR) data39
Modelling of moving drying process and analysis of drying characteristics for germinated brown rice under continuous microwave drying38
A mango picking vision algorithm on instance segmentation and key point detection from RGB images in an open orchard37
GreenLight – An open source model for greenhouses with supplemental lighting: Evaluation of heat requirements under LED and HPS lamps37
An overview of process monitoring for anaerobic digestion37
Deep learning architectures for semantic segmentation and automatic estimation of severity of foliar symptoms caused by diseases or pests36
Hyperspectral imaging technology combined with deep learning for hybrid okra seed identification36
Energy, carbon and water footprints on agricultural machinery36
Draft force prediction for a high-speed disc implement using discrete element modelling36
Seed motion characteristics and seeding performance of a centralised seed metering system for rapeseed investigated by DEM simulation and bench testing35
Assessment of dairy cow heat stress by monitoring drinking behaviour using an embedded imaging system35
Intelligent intra-row robotic weeding system combining deep learning technology with a targeted weeding mode35
In-field and non-destructive monitoring of grapes maturity by hyperspectral imaging34
Spatiotemporal variability of leaf photosynthesis and its linkage with microclimates across an environment-controlled greenhouse34
A CNN-based lightweight ensemble model for detecting defective carrots34
An efficient method for determining DEM parameters of a loose cohesive soil modelled using hysteretic spring and linear cohesion contact models32
Symmetry-based 3D shape completion for fruit localisation for harvesting robots32
A CFD analysis on improving lettuce canopy airflow distribution in a plant factory considering the crop resistance and LEDs heat dissipation31
Discrete element modelling of citrus fruit stalks and its verification31
A machine learning framework to predict the next month's daily milk yield, milk composition and milking frequency for cows in a robotic dairy farm31
Power density based fatigue load spectrum editing for accelerated durability testing for tractor front axles31
The use of UAVs in monitoring yellow sigatoka in banana30
Energy cost reduction by shifting electricity demand in indoor vertical farms with artificial lighting30
Real time detection of inter-row ryegrass in wheat farms using deep learning30
Non-destructive discrimination of avocado fruit ripeness using laser Doppler vibrometry29
Effect of directional augmentation using supervised machine learning technologies: A case study of strawberry powdery mildew detection29
Modal vibration response of rice combine harvester frame under multi-source excitation28
Automatic estimation of dairy cattle body condition score from depth image using ensemble model28
Design and validation testing of a complete paddy field-coverage path planner for a fully autonomous tillage tractor28
Hyperspectral imaging for identification of Zebra Chip disease in potatoes28
Artificial intelligence approaches to predict growth, harvest day, and quality of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in a IoT-enabled greenhouse system28
Calibration of discrete-element-method model parameters of bulk wheat for storage28
Analysis of passive downdraught evaporative cooling windcatcher for greenhouses in hot climatic conditions: Parametric study and impact of neighbouring structures28
A method of citrus epidermis defects detection based on an improved YOLOv528
Active thermal imaging for immature citrus fruit detection27
In-field proximal sensing of septoria tritici blotch, stripe rust and brown rust in winter wheat by means of reflectance and textural features from multispectral imagery27
Lighting systems and strategies compared in an optimally controlled greenhouse27
Calibration of discrete element parameters and experimental verification for modelling subsurface soils26
Automated piglet tracking using a single convolutional neural network26
Determination of key canopy parameters for mass mechanical apple harvesting using supervised machine learning and principal component analysis (PCA)26
Real-time robotic weed knife control system for tomato and lettuce based on geometric appearance of plant labels26
Optimisation of the power-cycle hydro-mechanical parameters in a continuously variable transmission designed for agricultural tractors26
Regional soil moisture prediction system based on Long Short-Term Memory network26
Managing soil compaction – A choice of low-mass autonomous vehicles or controlled traffic?25
Non-destructive identification of slightly sprouted wheat kernels using hyperspectral data on both sides of wheat kernels25
Microclimate and crop performance in a tunnel greenhouse shaded by organic photovoltaic modules – Comparison with conventional shaded and unshaded tunnels25
A novel hyperspectral-based approach for identification of maize kernels infected with diverse Aspergillus flavus fungi25
Modelling of grain breakage of in a vertical rice mill based on DEM simulation combining particle replacement model25
Materials with switchable radiometric properties: Could they become the perfect greenhouse cover?24
Ripeness evaluation of kiwifruit by hyperspectral imaging24
Method and bench-marking framework for coverage path planning in arable farming24
Automatic detection of crop root rows in paddy fields based on straight-line clustering algorithm and supervised learning method24
Pig mounting behaviour recognition based on video spatial–temporal features24
Image-based size estimation of broccoli heads under varying degrees of occlusion24
A greenhouse climate-yield model focussing on additional light, heat harvesting and its validation24
Distribution characteristics and parameter optimisation of an air-assisted centralised seed-metering device for rapeseed using a CFD-DEM coupled simulation23
Application of non-linear partial least squares analysis on prediction of biomass of maize plants using hyperspectral images23
Comparative assessment of energy requirement and tillage effectiveness of combined (active-passive) and conventional offset disc harrows23
Improved prediction of protein content in wheat kernels with a fusion of scatter correction methods in NIR data modelling23
Unrest index for estimating thermal comfort of poultry birds (Gallus gallus domesticus) using computer vision techniques23
Analysis of energy consumption, heat and mass transfer, drying kinetics and effective moisture diffusivity during foam-mat drying of mango in a convective hot-air dryer23
Cooperation of unmanned systems for agricultural applications: A theoretical framework23
Performance comparison of charging systems for autonomous electric field tractors using dynamic simulation23
Modelling of heat stress in a robotic dairy farm. Part 1: Thermal comfort indices as the indicators of production loss23
The reduction of gas concentrations in broiler houses through ventilation: Assessment of the thermal and electrical energy consumption22
Calculation of ventilation rates and ammonia emissions: Comparison of sampling strategies for a naturally ventilated dairy barn22
Bioimpedance analysis of vascular tissue and fluid flow in human and plant body: A review22
Vision based volume estimation method for automatic mango grading system22
Data reduction based on machine learning algorithms for fog computing in IoT smart agriculture21
Digital imaging assisted geometry of chicken eggs using Hügelschäffer's model21
Examination milling non-uniformity in friction rice mills using by discrete element method and experiment21
Online crop height and density estimation in grain fields using LiDAR21
A novel wireless instrumentation system for measurement of PTO (power take-off) torque requirement during rotary tillage21
Determination and interpretation of bonded-particle model parameters for simulation of maize kernels21
Effect of grain moisture content on physical, mechanical, and bulk dynamic behaviour of maize21
Variable selection for the determination of the soluble solid content of potatoes with surface impurities in the visible/near-infrared range21
Optimisation of microwave-rotary drying process and quality parameters of terebinth21
Effect of guide strips on the distribution of threshed outputs and cleaning losses for a tangential-longitudinal flow rice combine harvester21
Bag-of-visual-words-augmented Histogram of Oriented Gradients for efficient weed detection21
Application of fuzzy logic for honey bee colony state detection based on temperature data21
Monitoring methane and nitrous oxide emissions from digestate storage following manure mono-digestion20
Development of three-dimensional visualisation technology of the aerodynamic environment in a greenhouse using CFD and VR technology, part 1: Development of VR a database using CFD20
Soil organic matter prediction using smartphone-captured digital images: Use of reflectance image and image perturbation20
Semantic segmentation: A modern approach for identifying soil clods in precision farming20
Cost analysis of autonomous battery electric field tractors in agriculture20
From species to cultivar: Soybean cultivar recognition using joint leaf image patterns by multiscale sliding chord matching20
Efficacy of adaptation measures to alleviate heat stress in confined livestock buildings in temperate climate zones19
Body size measurement and live body weight estimation for pigs based on back surface point clouds19
Monocular positioning of sweet peppers: An instance segmentation approach for harvest robots19
Modelling carbon dioxide emissions under a maize-soy rotation using machine learning19
Determination of overall heat transfer coefficient for greenhouse energy-saving screen using Trnsys and hotbox19
Inverse estimation of thermophysical properties and initial moisture content of cereal grains during deep-bed grain drying19
Image-based body mass prediction of heifers using deep neural networks19
Spatially variable pesticide application in vineyards: Part II, field comparison of uniform and map-based variable dose treatments19
Design and hardware-in-the-loop test of a coupled drive system for electric tractor19
Spatial and temporal variation of photosynthetic photon flux density within agrivoltaic system in hot arid region of India19
Stress distribution on a soil tillage machine frame segment with a chisel shank simulated using discrete element and finite element methods and validate by experiment19
Automatic broiler temperature measuring by thermal camera19
Automatic shrimp counting method using local images and lightweight YOLOv419
Cooperation of unmanned systems for agricultural applications: A case study in a vineyard18
NemaNet: A convolutional neural network model for identification of soybean nematodes18
Effect of exposed surface area on ammonia emissions from untreated, separated, and digested cattle manure18
Nutritional status assessment of olive crops by means of the analysis and modelling of multispectral images taken with UAVs18
The contribution of fruit and leaves to the dynamic response of secondary branches of orange trees18
Kinematic discrepancy between driving wheels evaluated for a modular traction device18
Mapping crop stand count and planting uniformity using high resolution imagery in a maize crop18
Shift quality of tractors fitted with hydrostatic power split CVT during starting18
Design and performance of a countersunk screen in a maize cleaning device18
Automated identification of citrus diseases in orchards using deep learning18
Application of an adaptive PID controller enhanced by a differential evolution algorithm for precise control of dissolved oxygen in recirculating aquaculture systems18
Effects of optical variables in a single integrating sphere system on estimation of scattering properties of turbid media18
On-tree apple fruit size estimation using stereo vision with deep learning-based occlusion handling18
Sugarcane stem cut quality investigated by finite element simulation and experiment18
Automatic posture change analysis of lactating sows by action localisation and tube optimisation from untrimmed depth videos18
Field identification of weed species and glyphosate-resistant weeds using high resolution imagery in early growing season18
Computational intelligence and mathematical modelling in chanterelle mushrooms’ drying process under heat pump dryer18
Non-destructive and rapid measurement of sugar content in growing cane stalks for breeding programmes using visible-near infrared spectroscopy18
Model-based calibration of a gas sensor array for on-line monitoring of ethanol concentration in Saccharomyces cerevisiae batch cultivation18
Analysis of climate uniformity in indoor plant factory system with computational fluid dynamics (CFD)18
Semantic interpretation and complexity reduction of 3D point clouds of vineyards17
In-field and non-invasive determination of internal quality and ripeness stages of Feicheng peach using a portable hyperspectral imager17
An end-to-end lightweight model for grape and picking point simultaneous detection17
Utilising variable sorting for normalisation to correct illumination effects in close-range spectral images of potato plants17
Maize lodging resistance: Stalk architecture is a stronger predictor of stalk bending strength than chemical composition17
Wheat straw direct shear simulation using discrete element method of fibrous bonded model17
Pecking activity detection in group-housed turkeys using acoustic data and a deep learning technique17
Video and image classification using atomisation spray image patterns and deep learning17
Semantic segmentation of sparse 3D point cloud based on geometrical features for trellis-structured apple orchard17
Influence of temperature and humidity on the dynamics of aerosol numbers and airborne bacteria in a dairy calf house17
Modelling soil water infiltration variability using scaling17
Study on the reduction of soil adhesion and tillage force of bionic cutter teeth in secondary soil crushing17
Effects of cutting parameters on cutting of citrus fruit stems16
A two-echelon location-routing problem for biomass logistics systems16
An optimal zone combination model for on-line nondestructive prediction of soluble solids content of apple based on full-transmittance spectroscopy16
Automatic gear-shifting strategy for fuel saving by tractors based on real-time identification of draught force characteristics16
Study and modelling the respiration of corn seeds (Zea mays L.) during hermetic storage16
Damping behaviour of a prestressed composite beam designed for the thresher of a combine harvester16
A multi-branch convolutional neural network with density map for aphid counting16
Suction force on high-sphericity seeds in an air-suction seed-metering device16
DEM simulations and experiments investigating the influence of feeding plate angle in a rubber-roll paddy grain huller16
Canopy VIS-NIR spectroscopy and self-learning artificial intelligence for a generalised model of predawn leaf water potential in Vitis vinifera16
Prediction of outlet dissolved oxygen in micro-irrigation sand media filters using a Gaussian process regression16
Diagnosing the symptoms of sheath blight disease on rice stalk with an in-situ hyperspectral imaging technique16
Towards re-identification for long-term tracking of group housed pigs16
Computational fluid dynamics for non-experts: Development of a user-friendly CFD simulator (HNVR-SYS) for natural ventilation design applications16
Generalisation of tea moisture content models based on VNIR spectra subjected to fractional differential treatment16
Effect of geometrical parameters of air-induction nozzles on droplet characteristics and behaviour16
Monitoring the hot-air drying process of organically grown apples (cv. Gala) using computer vision16
Prediction of human odour assessments based on hedonic tone method using instrument measurements and multi-sensor data fusion integrated neural networks16
YOLO5-spear: A robust and real-time spear tips locator by improving image augmentation and lightweight network for selective harvesting robot of white asparagus16
Wind-induced response of rice under the action of the downwash flow field of a multi-rotor UAV16
Low-cost Edge Computing devices and novel user interfaces for monitoring pivot irrigation systems based on Internet of Things and LoRaWAN technologies15
A multiscale approach to estimate the cellular diffusivity during food drying15
Methodology for designing tractor accelerated structure tests for an indoor drum-type test bench15
Effect of temperature on the microwave drying process and the viability of amaranth seeds15
Rapid and non-destructive detection of cassava flour adulterants in wheat flour using a handheld MicroNIR spectrometer15
Development of a systemic crop signalling system for automated real-time plant care in vegetable crops15
Development of three-dimensional visualisation technology of the aerodynamic environment in a greenhouse using CFD and VR technology, Part 2: Development of an educational VR simulator15
Modelling of particle size characteristics and specific energy demand for mechanical size reduction of wheat straw by knife mill15
Estimating particle-size distribution from limited soil texture data: Introducing two new methods15
Individual neon tetras (Paracheirodon innesi, Myers) optimise their position in the group depending on external selective contexts: Lesson learned from a fish-robot hybrid school15
Online semi-supervised learning applied to an automated insect pest monitoring system15
Multi-layer hierarchical optimisation of greenhouse climate setpoints for energy conservation and improvement of crop yield15
A sustainable localised air distribution system for enhancing thermal environment and indoor air quality of poultry house for semiarid region15
Dynamic energy modelling for analysis of the thermal and hygroscopic environment in a mechanically ventilated duck house15
Effects of housing system, measurement methods and environmental factors on estimating ammonia and methane emission rates in dairy barns: A meta-analysis14
Development and validation of a DEM model for predicting impact damage of maize kernels14
Assessment of rice seed vigour using selected frequencies of electrical impedance spectroscopy14
Rice seedling row detection based on morphological anchor points of rice stems14
Analysis of effect of bentleg opener geometry on performance in cohesive soil using the discrete element method14
RTD-SEPs: Real-time detection of stem emerging points and classification of crop-weed for robotic weed control in producing tomato14
Computational modelling applied to predict the pressure coefficients in deformed single arch-shape greenhouses14
Path tracking control with slip compensation of a global navigation satellite system based tractor-scraper land levelling system14
The effect of spray structure of oil-based emulsion spray on the droplet characteristics14
Micro-CT imaging of tomato seeds: Predictive potential of 3D morphometry on germination14
Reduction of ammonia emissions by applying a urease inhibitor in naturally ventilated dairy barns14
Analysing the space-usage-pattern of a cow herd using video surveillance and automated motion detection14
Tomato tablet drying enhancement by intervention of infrared - A response surface strategy for experimental design and optimization14
An algorithm to automate the filtering and classifying of 2D LiDAR data for site-specific estimations of canopy height and width in vineyards14
Machine learning approach to investigate the influence of water quality on aquatic livestock in freshwater ponds14
Prediction of the fruit development stage of sweet pepper (Capsicum annum var. annuum) by an ensemble model of convolutional and multilayer perceptron14
Comparison of Vis/SWNIR and NIR spectrometers combined with different multivariate techniques for estimating soil fertility parameters of calcareous topsoil in an arid climate14
Simultaneous and nondestructive diagnostics of nitrogen/magnesium/potassium-deficient cucumber leaf based on chlorophyll density distribution features14
Stereo-vision-based multi-crop harvesting edge detection for precise automatic steering of combine harvester14
Energy of activation, instantaneous energy consumption, and coupled heat and mass transfer modeling in drying of sorghum grains14
Effect of penetration depth and particle size on detection of wheat flour adulterant using hyperspectral imaging14
Modelling the aggregate structure of a bulk soil to quantify fragmentation properties and energy demand of soil tillage tools in the formation of seedbeds13
Numerical simulation approach to predict the abrasion rate of rice during milling13
Origins classification of egg with different storage durations using FT-NIR: A characteristic wavelength selection approach based on information entropy13
The elastoplastic flexural behaviour of corn stalks13
Effect of concentric and non-concentric threshing gaps on damage of rice straw during threshing for combine harvester13
Quantitative potato tuber phenotyping by 3D imaging13
Modelling of heat stress in a robotic dairy farm. Part 2: Identifying the specific thresholds with production factors13
Measuring soil coverage using image feature descriptors and the decision tree learning algorithm13
Assessment of a tomography-informed polyhedral discrete element modelling approach for complex-shaped granular woody biomass in stress consolidation13
A method of green citrus detection based on a deep bounding box regression forest13
Additives and methods for the mitigation of methane emission from stored liquid manure13
Tracing algorithm and control strategy for crawler rice combine harvester auxiliary navigation system13
Optimal control as a tool to investigate the profitability of a Chinese plant factory - lettuce production system13
Modelling and simulation of fruit drop tests by discrete element method13
Burgers viscoelastic model-based variable stiffness design of compliant clamping mechanism for leafy greens harvesting13
Design and validation of a centrifugal variable-diameter pneumatic high-speed precision seed-metering device for maize13
Non-destructive measurement of chicken egg characteristics: Improved formulae for calculating egg volume and surface area13
Improving rice nitrogen stress diagnosis by denoising strips in hyperspectral images via deep learning13
Construction of a plant spectral library based on an optimised feature selection method13
Effects on relaxation properties of Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris L.) subjected to different compression directions13