Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science

(The median citation count of Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science is 3. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 250 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2020-07-01 to 2024-07-01.)
Ignition and combustion enhancement in a cavity-based supersonic combustor by a multi-channel gliding arc plasma67
Effect of wettability on droplet impact: Spreading and splashing59
Effect of after-treatment systems on particulate matter emissions in diesel engine exhaust55
Off-centered droplet impact on single-ridge superhydrophobic surfaces43
Investigation of capillary wave, cavitation and droplet diameter distribution during ultrasonic atomization42
Effect of pattern geometry on bubble dynamics and heat transfer on biphilic surfaces41
Effect of T-shaped micro-fins on pool boiling heat transfer performance of surfaces39
Visualization and measurements of shock waves in cavitating flow39
Water flow boiling heat transfer in vertical minichannel35
Study of the surface wettability effect on dynamic characteristics of droplet impacting a tube with different curvature ratios34
Investigation on the conditions leading to the micro-explosion of emulsified fuel droplet using two colors LIF method34
Experimental investigation of geyser boiling in a small diameter two-phase loop thermosyphon33
Nusselt number and friction characteristics of a solar air heater that has a winglet type vortex generator in the absorber surface33
Visualization-based nucleate pool boiling heat transfer enhancement on different sizes of square micropillar array surfaces31
Laminar hydrodynamic and thermal entrance lengths for simultaneously hydrodynamically and thermally developing forced and mixed convective flows in horizontal tubes30
Wave structure and velocity in vertical upward annular two-phase flow30
Effects of difference in wettability level of biphilic patterns on copper tubes in pool boiling heat transfer30
Flow characteristics of a fixed circular cylinder with an upstream splitter plate: On the plate-length sensitivity28
Experimental investigation of hydrodynamics and heat transport during vertical coalescence of multiple successive drops impacting a hot wall under saturated vapor atmosphere28
Experimental study on flow and heat transfer characteristics at onset of nucleate boiling in micro pin fin heat sinks27
Comparison of flow dynamics of air-water flows with foam flows in vertical pipes27
The flammability limits and explosion behaviours of hydrogen-enriched methane-air mixtures27
Experimental analysis of the humidification of air in bubble columns for thermal water treatment systems26
Spray characteristics of standard and alternative aviation fuels at high ambient pressure conditions23
Evaporation characteristics and heat transfer enhancement of sessile droplets under non-uniform electric field23
Modes of plasma-stabilized combustion in cavity-based M = 2 configuration23
Low Weber number droplet impact on heated hydrophobic surfaces22
Experimental study on the droplet characteristics in the spray tip region: Comparison between the free and impinging spray22
Experimental study on electrohydrodynamic atomization (EHDA) in stable cone-jet with middle viscous and low conductive liquid21
Experimental study on a three-dimensional pulsating heat pipe with tandem tapered nozzles21
Simultaneous multiple droplet impact and their interactions on a heated surface21
Thermal effect in the process of surface acoustic wave atomization20
Experimental investigation of the aluminum combustion in different O2 oxidizing mixtures: Effect of the diluent gases20
Experimental study of compact swirl flames with lean premixed CH4/H2/air mixtures at stable and near blow-off conditions20
Experimental investigation on melting heat transfer of an organic material under electric field19
Experimental study of droplet impact on superheated cylindrical surfaces19
Experimental investigation of the characteristics of the transition from spherical cap bubble to slug flow in a vertical pipe19
Experimental study of the effects produced by the changes of the liquid and gas superficial velocities and the surface tension on the interfacial waves and the film thickness in annular concurrent upw19
Statistical features of the flow evolution in horizontal liquid-gas slug flow19
Corrosion behavior of X65 steel at different depths of pitting defects under local flow conditions18
Experimental investigation of convective heat transfer performance and hydrodynamics of pulsating flow through the rectangular grooved channel18
Experimental investigation on fluid mechanics of micro-channel heat transfer devices18
Two-phase pressure drop and void fraction in a cross-corrugated plate heat exchanger channel: Impact of flow direction and gas-liquid distribution18
Experimental study and application of an artificial neural network (ANN) model on pulsed spray cooling heat transfer on a vertical surface18
Effects of nozzle lip geometry on the cavitation erosion characteristics of self-excited cavitating waterjet17
Size and velocity characteristics of spray droplets in near-region of liquid film breakup in a swirl atomizer17
Biogas combustion with various oxidizers in a nanosecond DBD microplasma burner17
Influence of multiple air bubbles on the collapse strength of a cavitation bubble17
Experimental study of flow field around pile groups using PIV17
Experimental investigation on convection heat transfer of supercritical hydrocarbon fuel in a long mini tube17
Arc-jet measurements of low-density ablator spallation16
Screech feedback loop and mode staging process of axisymmetric underexpanded jets16
Experimental study of liquid jets injected in crossflow16
Effect of viscosity on sloshing in a rectangular tank with intermediate liquid depth16
Experiments on splashing thresholds during single-drop impact onto a quiescent liquid film16
Characterizing combustion of a hybrid rocket using laser absorption spectroscopy16
Baffled tubes with superimposed oscillatory flow: Experimental study of the fluid mixing and heat transfer at low net Reynolds numbers16
Effect of a single air bubble on the collapse direction and collapse noise of a cavitation bubble16
Impact of inlet subcooling on flow boiling in microchannels16
Experimental study on the flow interaction between two synthetic jets emanating from a dual round orifice16
Flow boiling characteristics in different configurations of stepped microchannels15
Flow pattern observations and flow pattern map for adiabatic two-phase flow of carbon dioxide in vertical upward and downward direction15
Discharge current of water electrospray with electrical conductivity under high-voltage and high-flow-rate conditions15
Effect of mounting strut and cavitator shape on the ventilation demand for ventilated supercavitation15
Experimental study of liquid-carrying by swirling flow in a U-shaped tube15
Dynamics of droplet formation with oscillation of meniscus in electric periodic dripping regime15
Active control of flow structure and unsteady aerodynamic force of box girder with leading-edge suction and trailing-edge jet15
An experimental study of the aerodynamics of micro corrugated wings at low Reynolds number15
Experimental study on the influence of buoyancy on steam bubble condensation at low steam mass flux15
Electrowetting induced microdroplet oscillation over interdigitated electrodes for hotspot cooling applications14
Experimental and numerical study of the influence of syngas composition on the performance and stability of a laboratory-scale MILD combustor14
Velocity jumps and the Moffatt eddy in two-fluid swirling flows14
Simultaneous measurement of heat flux and droplet population during dropwise condensation from humid air flowing on a vertical surface14
Experimental investigation of hydrodynamics and heat transport during horizontal coalescence of two drops impinging a hot wall14
Air–water interface dynamics and energy transition in air of a sphere passed vertically upward through the interface14
Application of high-speed, species-specific chemiluminescence imaging for laminar flame speed and Markstein length measurements in spherically expanding flames14
Early warning detection of thermoacoustic instability using three-dimensional complexity-entropy causality space14
Time-resolved stagnation temperature measurements in hypersonic flows using surface junction thermocouples14
Experimental investigation of the influence of ignition system parameters on combustion behavior in large lean burn spark ignited gas engines14
Background oriented schlieren technique with fast Fourier demodulation for measuring large density-gradient fields of fluids14
Wake-vortex evolution behind a fixed circular cylinder with symmetric jets14
Experimental study of swirl-stabilized turbulent premixed and stratified LPG/air flames using optical diagnostics14
Pulsating heat pipes: Critical review on different experimental techniques14
Experimental observations on directly irradiated fluidized beds: Even and uneven fluidization14
Total magnetic force on a ferrofluid droplet in microgravity14
Measurement of temperature profile near the evaporating interface in an annular pool with radial temperature gradients at low pressures14
Comparison of bubble parameters between boiling and hydrogen evolving systems14
Generation laws and distribution characteristics of carbon dioxide hydrate in a reaction kettle14
The influence of cylinders in tandem arrangement on unsteady aerodynamic loads14
Combined effects of high energy ignition and tumble enhancement on performance of lean combustion for GDI engine13
Modified model of Al/PTFE projectile impact reaction energy release considering energy loss13
Spectral and modal analysis of a cavitating flow through an orifice13
Shock-dominated flow control by plasma array: Pressure analysis including pressure-sensitive paint visualization13
Effect of viscosity on the volumetric oscillations of a non-equilibrium bubble in free-field and near a free-surface13
Chemiluminescence-based characterization of tail biogas combustion stability under syngas and oxygen-enriched conditions13
Cellular instabilities of n-butane/air flat flames probing by PLIF-OH and PLIF-CH2O laser diagnosis13
Experimental research on flow boiling thermal-hydraulic characteristics in novel microchannels13
Two-phase air-water flows in hydraulic jumps at low Froude number: Similarity, scale effects and the need for field observations13
Aspect ratio and the dynamic wake of the Ahmed body12
Effects of chamber pressure on the kinematic characteristics of spray flows exhausted from an airblast atomizer12
Characterisation of boundary layer transition over a low Reynolds number rotor12
Direct local heat flux measurement during water flow boiling in a rectangular minichannel using a MEMS heat flux sensor12
Radiation influence on indoor air temperature sensors: Experimental evaluation of measurement errors and improvement methods12
Thermodynamic performance of Al2O3-Cu-CuO/water (W) ternary nanofluids in the full-flow regime of convective heat transfer12
Drag reduction in a turbulent boundary layer with sinusoidal riblets12
Enhancement of microchannel heat sink heat transfer: Comparison between different heat transfer enhancement strategies12
Experimental investigation and new void-fraction calculation method for gas–liquid two-phase flows in vertical downward pipe12
Splashing generation by water jet impinging on a horizontal plate12
High-speed simultaneous PLIF/PIV imaging of a lift-off swirling flame under acoustic forcing12
Lateral aerodynamic interference between an interior train and a flat box bridge-deck12
Innovative design method and experimental investigation of a small-scale and very low tip-speed ratio wind turbine12
Effect of non-uniform inlet velocity profile on flow field characteristics of a bluff body12
Fluid flow characterisation in randomly packed microscale porous beds with different sphere sizes using micro-particle image velocimetry11
Analysis of the critical heat flux of subcooled flow boiling in microgravity11
Visualization study of phase distribution on a boiling surface11
Flow control of wingtip vortices through synthetic jets11
Design guidelines for the vortex tube11
Fast estimation of the enthalpy–temperature function of Phase Change Materials11
Effect of Reynolds number on turbulent boundary layer approaching separation11
Mode characterization and damping measurement of liquid sloshing in cylindrical containers by means of Reference Image Topography11
The flow-field within a vortex-based solar cavity receiver with an open aperture11
Liquid-phase dynamics during the two-droplet combustion of diesel-based fuel mixtures11
Two-dimensional liquid sheet in transverse subsonic airflow11
Experimental studies for the combined effects of micro-cavity and surface wettability on saturated pool boiling11
Dynamic behaviors and charge characteristics of droplet in a vertical electric field before bouncing11
Temperature field estimation of an axisymmetric laminar flame via time-of-arrival measurements of acoustic waves, and machine learning11
Experimental investigation of aerodynamic drag and flow characteristics of circular cylinder with microfiber coating11
Study of initial stage of entry of a solid sphere into shallow liquid with Synthetic Schlieren technique11
Formation rate as parameter to distinguish nucleation from hydrate massive growth phase: Experimental investigation in presence of two different porous media11
Experiment and analysis on the spray characteristics of diesel/polyoxymethylene dimethyl ethers (PODE)/ethanol blends in non-reacting environment11
Experimental investigation about the second-mode waves in hypersonic boundary layer over a cone at small angle of attack11
Research on entrainment characteristics and Over-Reading model for gas-liquid flow in Venturi11
Effect of micro-nano structure on anti-frost and defrost performance of the superhydrophobic fin surfaces11
Spray evaporation of urea–water solution: Experiments and modelling11
Experiment and modeling of lift force acting on single high Reynolds number bubbles rising in linear shear flow11
Quantitative visualization of injection jet flow behaviors of transcritical and supercritical processes by pixelated phase-shifting interferometer11
Response of lean premixed swirl tubular flame to acoustic perturbations11
Effect of surface wettability on impact-freezing of supercooled large water droplet10
On the interactions of the induced flow field of heat exchangers with axial fans10
Characterization of jet parameters related to cavitation bubble dynamics in a vicinity of a flat liquid-liquid interface10
An experimental investigation of soot morphology and nanostructure in high-pressure co-flow laminar methane diffusion flames10
Experimental investigation of the flow in a micro-channelled combustor and its relation to flame behaviour10
The effect of surfactants on the initiation and development of air–water slug flow in hilly terrain pipeline10
Aligning free surface properties in time-varying hydraulic jumps10
Experimental study on film cooling performance of a turbine blade tip with a trapezoidal slot cooling scheme in transonic flow using PSP technique10
Experimental and theoretical studies on neck thinning dynamics of droplets in cross junction microchannels10
Effect of lubricant oil on boiling heat transfer and flow patterns of R32 inside a multiport tube10
Dynamics of a single bubble rising in a quiescent medium10
Stereoscopic PIV measurements of flow over a riblet surface at high Reynolds number10
Experimental study on secondary droplets produced during liquid jet impingement onto a horizon solid surface10
Rapid online tomograph in non-uniform complex combustion fields based on laser absorption spectroscopy10
Effective use of the streamwise waviness in the control of turbulent separation10
Experimental research on flow mode transition of falling film flow on metal foam wrapped tubes10
Investigation of ventilation demand variation in unsteady supercavitation10
Investigation of spanwise coherent structures in turbulent backward-facing step flow by time-resolved PIV10
Acoustic and flow characteristics of an airfoil fitted with morphed trailing edges10
Application of supercritical water conditions to improve the flowback of fracturing fluid in ultra-low-permeability sandstone formations10
Effects of aspect ratio and inlet wind velocity on thermal characteristics of Trombe wall channel under different ventilation strategies: An indoor experiment10
Sound generation by water drop impact on surfaces10
Experimental investigation of wall-pressure fluctuations in compressible turbulent cavitating flows with emphasis on non-Gaussian features10
Experimental study of interface behavior and sound pressure oscillation of direct contact condensation of a steam jet in flowing water10
Volumetric flow characterisation of a rectangular orifice impinging synthetic jet with single-camera light-field PIV10
Pressure influence on unsteady film boiling of water-ethanol mixtures9
Experimental investigation into flow blurring atomization9
DMD analysis for velocity fields of a laminar premixed flame with external acoustic excitation9
Experimental investigation on spatial phase distributions for various flow patterns and frictional pressure drop characteristics of gas liquid two-phase flow in a horizontal helically coiled rectangul9
Aerodynamic performance of suction-side squealer tip in impulse/reaction turbine blade rows9
Experimental study of water evaporation rate, at the surface of aqueous solution, under the effect of a discontinuity of chemical potential – Effect of water activity and air pressure9
Volume measurement of atomizing fragments using image slicing9
Accuracy improvement for directional polarized spectral emissivity measurement in the wavelength range of 4–20 μm9
Experimental study of the thermal-frictional behavior of a horizontal straight tube equipped with a vibrating string turbulators: A novel active method9
Experimental study of single Taylor bubbles rising in vertical and slightly deviated circular tubes9
Effect of SDBS surfactant on gas–liquid flow pattern and pressure drop in upward-inclined pipelines9
Heat transfer enhancement of a multilayer graphene coating surface9
Stratified-to-annular gas-liquid flow patterns transition in a horizontal pipe9
Experimental study on instability of round nanofluid jets at low velocity9
Experiment on flow dynamics and cavitation structure in an axisymmetric venturi tube based on x-t diagrams and proper orthogonal decomposition9
On the temperature influence on cavitation erosion in micro-channels9
Impact of the mechanical properties of penetrated media on the injection characteristics of needle-free jet injection9
Heat transfer characteristics of CO2 condensation on common heat exchanger materials: Method development and experimental results9
Spray trajectory and 3D droplets distribution of liquid jet in crossflow with digital inline holography8
Experimental study of bubble formation process on the micro-orifice in mini channels8
Synergistic effect of coating copper foam with carbon nanotubes on pool boiling heat transfer performance8
Reducing turbulent convective heat transfer with streamwise plasma vortex generators8
PIV and shadowgraph measurements of thermo-electrohydrodynamic convection in a horizontal aligned differentially heated annulus at different gravity conditions8
Mixed LSE and EPOD based technique for multi-plane PIV measurements synchronization in separated flow condition8
From sparse data to high-resolution fields: ensemble particle modes as a basis for high-resolution flow characterization8
Investigation of evaporating sprays in a medium speed marine engine8
Pressure field characteristics of underwater detonation gas jet below and above free water surface8
Combustion modes and driving mechanisms of pressure fluctuation in a novel vortex-tube combustor with quasi-steady and stratified properties8
On the effect of orifice thickness and divergence angle in the near and intermediate fields of axisymmetric jets8
On the crown rim expansion kinematics during droplet impact on wall-films8
Bubble characteristics affecting air-water exchange in open-channel flow with a jet forming over a sudden bottom drop8
Fast PSP measurement of three-dimensional low-frequency unsteadiness in sidewall-confined shock wave/turbulent boundary layer interaction8
Sub-millimeter resolution pressure measurement on free flight model at Mach 1.5 using novel non-intrusive optical technique8
Experimental study on splash phenomena of liquid jet impinging on a vertical wall8
Active control of separated flow over 2D back-facing ramp by an array of finite-span slotted synthetic jets8
Active flow control in an S-shaped duct at Mach 0.4 using sweeping jet actuators8
Relevant aspects of propagating a combustion front in an annular reactor for out-of-bed heat recovery8
On the observation of the transient behavior of gas turbine combustion instability using the entropy analysis of dynamic pressure8
Experimental investigation of bubble group and temperature distribution uniformity in the direct contact boiling heat transfer process8
Line-of-Sight optical diagnostic for measuring combustion products using species’ natural emissions8
Influence of lateral flow contraction on bed shear stress estimation by using measured turbulent kinetic energy8
An accurate calorimeter-based method for the thermal characterization of heat pipes8
An experimental study on mitigating dynamic ice accretion process on bridge cables with a superhydrophobic coating8
Flow pattern classification in water-air vertical flows using a single ultrasonic transducer8
An experimental study on the improvements in the film cooling performance by an upstream micro-vortex generator8
Interfacial dynamics of air–liquid flow in eccentric drainpipe while draining from a square tank8
Near-infrared measurement of water temperature near micro-magnetic particle layer in a fluidic channel under induction heating8
Measurement of thickness and analysis on flow characteristics of upper swirling liquid film in gas-liquid cylindrical cyclone8
An experimental study on the frost formation over a flat plate: Effect of frosting on heat transfer7
An experimental approach to evaluate drying kinetics and foam formation in inks for inkjet printing of fuel-cell layers7
Novel calibration-free seedless velocimetry using laser-induced shockwave7
Heat and mass transfer resulting in eruptive jetting from stems and leaves during distillation stage of forest fire7
Turbulent structures in an airfoil wake at ultra-low to low Reynolds numbers7
Experimental investigation on phase separation comparison between single and double T-junctions7
Effect of surface roughness of solid particles on the regimes and outcomes of their collisions with liquid droplets7
Experimental investigation on the effect of equivalence ratio on the development of cellular structure of E30-air mixture7
Experimental and theoretical analysis of a pressure-driven logging piston during the liquid displacement process7
A novel time-of-flight estimation method of acoustic signals for temperature and velocity measurement of gas medium7
Three-dimensional flow field reconstruction in the wake of a confined square cylinder using planar PIV data7
Analysis of reattachment length dynamics in cavities7
An experimental study of non-spinning stone-skipping process7
Simultaneous audio-visual-thermal characterization of transition boiling regime7
Droplet generation during spray impact onto a downward-facing solid surface7
Effects of the synthetic jet on the flow field and heat transfer over a surface-mounted square rib7
Pressure from data-driven estimation of velocity fields using snapshot PIV and fast probes7
Effect of mass flow rate on bubble size distribution in boiling flow in temperature-controlled annular test section7
Multi-spatio-temporal scales PIV in a turbulent buoyant jet discharging in a linearly stratified environment7
Evaluating the two-phase flow development through orifices using a synchronised multi-channel void fraction sensor7
Subcooled boiling regime map for water at low saturation temperature and subatmospheric pressure7
Pool boiling experiment with Novec-649 in microchannels for heat flux prediction7
Experimental investigation of inclination angle effect on unsteady film coverage of double-row staggered-holes at vane leading edge using time-resolved quantitative light sheet technique7
Effects of liquid subcooling on droplet-wall collision heat transfer in film boiling7
Review: Applications of infrared thermography for studying flows with participating media7
Performance of Background Oriented Schlieren with different background patterns and image processing techniques7
Intrusive and non-intrusive two-phase air-water measurements on stepped spillways: A physical study7
Experimental study of H2<7
Phenomenology of disruptive breakup mechanism of a levitated evaporating emulsion droplet7
Sweeping jet control of flow around a circular cylinder7
Identification and dynamics of coherent structures in a Coanda swirling jet flow7
Effect of confinement ratio on flame structure and blow-off characteristics of swirl flames7
Experimental study of two-phase flow structure in churn-turbulent to annular flows7
Visualized experiments on phase-change heat transfer of a metal “endoscopic” two-phase closed thermosyphon7
Experimental investigation of the behaviors of highly deformed bubbles produced by coaxial coalescence7
Experimental and numerical investigation of turbulent wake flow around wall-mounted square cylinder of aspect ratio 27
Passive separation control of shortfin mako shark skin in a turbulent boundary layer7
Experimental investigation of the effect of blade solidity on micro-scale and low tip-speed ratio wind turbines7
Flow patterns and flow pattern maps for adiabatic and diabatic gas liquid two phase flow in microchannels: fundamentals, mechanisms and applications7
On the width and mean value of bubble size distributions under subcooled flow boiling7