Viral Immunology

(The TQCC of Viral Immunology is 4. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 250 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2020-02-01 to 2024-02-01.)
Correlation Between Relative Nasopharyngeal Virus RNA Load and Lymphocyte Count Disease Severity in Patients with COVID-19108
B Cell Activation and Response Regulation During Viral Infections40
Resident Memory B Cells39
The Role of the SARS-CoV-2 S-Protein Glycosylation in the Interaction of SARS-CoV-2/ACE2 and Immunological Responses35
Protective and Pathogenic Effects of Interferon Signaling During Pregnancy32
Interleukin-1in COVID-19 Infection: Immunopathogenesis and Possible Therapeutic Perspective32
Antibody (IgA, IgG, and IgG Subtype) Responses to SARS-CoV-2 in Severe and Nonsevere COVID-19 Patients30
Levamisole Therapy in COVID-1927
Protective Potentials of Type III Interferons in COVID-19 Patients: Lessons from Differential Properties of Type I- and III Interferons26
Lymphocyte Subset Alteration and Monocyte CD4 Expression Reduction in Patients with Severe COVID-1926
The ABC of Major Histocompatibility Complexes and T Cell Receptors in Health and Disease20
Parvovirus Capsid-Antibody Complex Structures Reveal Conservation of Antigenic Epitopes Across the Family19
How to Understand Herd Immunity in the Context of COVID-1916
Immune Evasion Strategies Used by Zika Virus to Infect the Fetal Eye and Brain15
Natural Killer Cell Regulation of B Cell Responses in the Context of Viral Infection15
Increase of Plasma TNF-α Is Associated with Decreased Levels of Blood Platelets in Clinical Dengue Infection13
Lack of Effects of the Genetic Polymorphisms of Interleukin-10 in Clinical Outcomes of COVID-1913
Mechanisms of mTOR and Autophagy in Human Endothelial Cell Infected with Dengue Virus-212
Gammaherpesviruses and B Cells: A Relationship That Lasts a Lifetime12
Increased Blood Monocytic Myeloid Derived Suppressor Cells but Low Regulatory T Lymphocytes in Patients with Mild COVID-1912
Coronavirus Disease 2019 Vaccine Development: An Overview11
Activation of Interleukin-1β Release and Pyroptosis by Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus Is Dependent on the NOD-Like Receptor Protein 3 Inflammasome in Porcine Intestinal Epithelial Cell Lin11
Type I IFNs: A Blessing in Disguise or Partner in Crime in MERS-CoV-, SARS-CoV-, and SARS-CoV-2-Induced Pathology and Potential Use of Type I IFNs in Synergism with IFN-γas a Novel Antiviral Ap11
T Helper 17 Response to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2: A Type of Immune Response with Possible Therapeutic Implications10
Heart Dysfunction Following Long-Term Murine Cytomegalovirus Infection: Fibrosis, Hypertrophy, and Tachycardia9
Structural Perspectives of Beak and Feather Disease Virus and Porcine Circovirus Proteins9
B Cells, Viruses, and the SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 Pandemic of 20208
Long-Term Persistence of Chikungunya Virus-Associated Manifestations and Anti-Chikungunya Virus Antibody in Southern Thailand: 5 Years After an Outbreak in 2008–20098
The Suppressive Attitude of Inflammatory Monocytes in Antiviral Antibody Responses8
Probiotic Lactobacilli Enhance Immunogenicity of an Inactivated H9N2 Influenza Virus Vaccine in Chickens8
The Age-Dependent Role of Th22, Tc22, and Tc17 Cells in the Severity of Pneumonia in COVID-19 Immunopathogenesis8
Cytokine Storm May Not Be the Chief Culprit for the Deterioration of COVID-198
Proinflammatory Cytokines Are Modulated in Vietnamese Patients with Dengue Fever8
Controlling the Burden of COVID-19 by Manipulating Host Metabolism7
Structure–Function of the Yellow Fever Virus Envelope Protein: Analysis of Antibody Epitopes7
From Influenza Virus Infections to Lupus: Synchronous Estrogen Receptorαand RNA Polymerase II Binding Within the Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Locus6
Transcriptomic Analysis of Interferon Response in Toll-Like Receptor 2 Ligand-Treated and Herpes Simplex Virus 1-Infected Neurons and Astrocytes6
Epidemiology of Porcine Pseudorabies from 2010 to 2018 in Tianjin, China6
Tocilizumab-Induced Unexpected Increase of Several Inflammatory Cytokines in Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients: The Anti-Inflammatory Side of IL-66
Harnessing Cross-Reactive CD8+TRMCells for Long-Standing Protection Against Influenza A Virus6
New Avenues to Explore in SARS-CoV-2 Infection: Both TRIM25 and TRIM56 Positively Correlate with VEGF, GAS6, and sAXL in COVID-19 Patients6
Hepatitis-C Virus and Cirrhosis: An Overview from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan6
Letter to the Editor: Toll-Like Receptor Antagonists as a Potential Therapeutic Strategy Against Cytokine Storm in COVID-19-Infected Patients6
An Improved DNA Vaccine Against Bovine Herpesvirus-1 Using CD40L and a Chemical Adjuvant Induces Specific Cytotoxicity in Mice5
SARS-CoV-2 and Guillain–Barré Syndrome: Lessons from Viral Infections5
SARS-CoV-2-Specific Memory B Cell Responses Are Maintained After Recovery from Natural Infection and Postvaccination5
Dysfunctional State of T Cells or Exhaustion During Chronic Viral Infections and COVID-19: A Review5
What Targets Somatic Hypermutation to the Immunoglobulin Loci?5
Liver Damage and Exposure to Toxic Concentrations of Endogenous Retinoids in the Pathogenesis of COVID-19 Disease: Hypothesis5
Omicron: A Speculation on Its Potential Superpowers5
Enterovirus 2C Protein Suppresses IKKα Phosphorylation by Recruiting IKKβ and IKKα into Viral Inclusion Bodies5
Postinfectious Immunity After COVID-19 and Vaccination Against SARS-CoV-25
The Structural Features of Henipavirus Matrix Protein Driving Intracellular Trafficking5
Antiviral T Cell Receptor Complementarity Determining Region-3 Sequences Are Associated with a Worse Cancer Outcome: A Pancancer Analysis5
Interleukin-18 Plays a Positive Feedback Activity to Natural Killer-Like B Cells in Hepatitis B Virus-Associated Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure5
IL-10 Polymorphisms and Haplotypes Predict Susceptibility to Hepatocellular Carcinoma Occurrence in Patients with Hepatitis C Virus Infection from Northeast India5
Insights into CD8 T Cell Activation and Exhaustion from a Mouse Gammaherpesvirus Model5
MHC Restriction: Where Are We Now?5
The Role of Tape Measure Protein in Nucleocytoplasmic Large DNA Virus Capsid Assembly5
A Single Dose of SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Primes a Strong Humoral Immune Response in COVID-19–Recovered Patients5
Effectiveness of Antivirals in a Type 1 Diabetes Model and the Move Toward Human Trials5
Regulation of Immunity-Related Genes by Infectious Bronchitis Virus Challenge in Spleen of Laying Chickens5
Increased Proinflammatory Cytokine Production by Chronic Hepatitis B Patients with Mutant Hepatitis B Virus: Plausible Mechanisms Underlying Severe Liver Diseases in These Patients5
Genetic Association of Interleukin-6 Polymorphism (rs1800796) with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Chinese Han Population5
Influence of Pattern Recognition Receptor Ligands on Induction of Innate Immunity and Control of Hepatitis B Virus Infection5
Cytokine, Genotype, and Viral Load Profile in the Acute and Chronic Hepatitis B5
Administration with Vaccinia Virus Encoding Canine Parvovirus 2 vp2 Elicits Systemic Immune Responses in Mice and Dogs5
Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Hepatitis A Virus and Hepatitis E Virus Among Children with Acute Hepatitis in Mexico5
Glycan Reactive Natural Antibodies and Viral Immunity5
Generation and Evaluation of Recombinant Baculovirus Coexpressing GP5 and M Proteins of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus Type 15
TLR2, as a Pathogen Recognition Receptor, Plays Critical Roles in Hepatitis B Outcome4
Combination and Intermittent Therapy Based on Pegylated Interferon Alfa-2a for Chronic Hepatitis B with Nucleoside (Nucleotide) Analog-Experienced Resulting in Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Clearance: A4
Imbalance Between Soluble and Membrane-Bound CD100 Regulates Monocytes Activity in Hepatitis B Virus-Associated Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure4
Poly(Lactide-co-Glycolide) Nanoparticle-Mediated Vaccine Delivery of Encapsulated Surface Antigen Protein of Hepatitis B Virus Elicits Effective Immune Response4
New Challenge for Zika Virus Infection: Human Reservoirs?4
The Improvement of Immune Effect of Recombinant Human Beta-Defensin 2 on Hepatitis B Vaccine in Mice4
Hepatitis B Virus Might Be Sensed by STING-Dependent DNA Sensors and Attenuates the Response of STING-Dependent DNA Sensing Pathway in Humans with Acute and Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection4
Pathway of Cell Death and Its Role in Virus Infection4
H1N1 Infection Reduces Glucose Level in Human U937 Monocytes Culture4
IFITMs of African Green Monkey Can Inhibit Replication of SFTSV but Not MNV In Vitro4
Immunity Debt, a Gap in Learning, or Immune Dysfunction?4
Seroprevalence of Dengue Virus Among Pregnant Women in Guangdong, China4
Hepatitis C Virus Alters Macrophage Cholesterol Metabolism Through Interaction with Scavenger Receptors4
The Role of Immune Regulatory Molecules in COVID-194
Does COVID-19 Vaccination with BNT162b2 Influence HIV-Related Immunological and Virological Markers? Data from 235 Persons Living with HIV at Cotugno Hospital, Naples, Italy: Immune Response After Sec4
Vaccination Hesitancy and Postacute Sequelae of SARS-CoV-2: Is It Time to Reconsider?4
Seroprevalence of Neutralizing Antibodies Against Candidate Serotypes of Enterovirus Vaccines Among Korean Children4
Human Eosinophils Reduce Viral Titer, Secrete IL-8, and Increase RIG-I Expression in Response to Influenza A H1N1 pdm094
Mother-to-Child Transfer of Reactivated Varicella-Zoster Virus DNA and Varicella-Zoster IgG in Pregnancy4
Comparison of the Impact of Different Administration Routes on the Efficacy of a Thermoresistant Newcastle Disease Vaccine in Chickens4
Granulocyte/Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor-Derived Macrophages Exhibit Distinctive Early Immune Response to Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus Infection4
Letter to the Editor: Issues on COVID-19 Pathogenesis4
Seroprevalence Investigation of Classic Swine Fever Virus Before, During, and After African Swine Fever Virus Outbreak in Some Provinces of China from 2017 to 20214
TLR9 in the Human Papilloma Virus Infections: Friend or Foe?4
Immune Control of γ-Herpesviruses4
Coxsackievirus B4 Exposure Results in Variable Pattern Recognition Response in the Kidneys of Female Non-Obese Diabetic Mice Before Establishment of Diabetes4