Theoretical and Applied Climatology

(The TQCC of Theoretical and Applied Climatology is 6. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 250 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2020-07-01 to 2024-07-01.)
Analysing the trend of rainfall in Asir region of Saudi Arabia using the family of Mann-Kendall tests, innovative trend analysis, and detrended fluctuation analysis115
A comparison of CMIP6 and CMIP5 projections for precipitation to observational data: the case of Northeastern Iran80
Integrating multicriteria decision-making analysis for a GIS-based settlement area in the district of Atakum, Samsun, Turkey70
Spatiotemporal trends in reference evapotranspiration and its driving factors in Bangladesh69
Comparison of CMIP6 and CMIP5 model performance in simulating historical precipitation and temperature in Bangladesh: a preliminary study69
Heat waves: a hot topic in climate change research67
Effect of the surface temperature of surface materials on thermal comfort: a case study of Iskenderun (Hatay, Turkey)60
Determining the relationships between climatic elements and thermal comfort and tourism activities using the tourism climate index for urban planning: a case study of Izmir Province53
Spatiotemporal analysis of meteorological drought over Kucuk Menderes River Basin in the Aegean Region of Turkey53
Spatiotemporal assessment of precipitation variability, seasonality, and extreme characteristics over a Himalayan catchment50
Innovative and polygonal trend analyses applications for rainfall data in Vietnam50
Long-term spatiotemporal evaluation of CHIRPS satellite precipitation product over different climatic regions of Iran47
Innovative trend analysis of spatio-temporal variations of rainfall in India during 1901–201947
Performance evaluation of CMIP6 global climate models for selecting models for climate projection over Nigeria47
Deep learning–based downscaling of summer monsoon rainfall data over Indian region44
Evaluation of energy extraction of PV systems affected by environmental factors under real outdoor conditions40
Evaluation of global terrestrial evapotranspiration in CMIP6 models38
Applications of innovative polygonal trend analyses to precipitation series of Eastern Black Sea Basin, Turkey37
Projection of future extreme precipitation in Iran based on CMIP6 multi-model ensemble37
A novel approach for predicting daily pan evaporation in the coastal regions of Iran using support vector regression coupled with krill herd algorithm model37
Understanding the climate change impact on crop yield over Eastern Himalayan Region: ascertaining GCM and scenario uncertainty37
Drought monitoring and evaluation using ESA CCI and GLDAS-Noah soil moisture datasets across China36
El Niño and forecastability of oil-price realized volatility35
Appraising trends and forecasting of hydroclimatic variables in the north and northeast regions of Bangladesh35
Spatio-temporal characterization of rainfall in Bangladesh: an innovative trend and discrete wavelet transformation approaches35
Spatio-temporal trends and variability of rainfall in Maharashtra, India: Analysis of 118 years34
Sunshine duration measurements and predictions in Saharan Algeria region: an improved ensemble learning approach34
Analysis of the effects of meteorological parameters on radio refractivity, equivalent potential temperature and field strength via Mann-Kendall test33
Determining the most accurate program for the Mann-Kendall method in detecting climate mutation32
Simulation of rainfall-runoff process using an artificial neural network (ANN) and field plots data31
Impact of temperature on agricultural drought occurrence under the effects of climate change31
Future projection of precipitation and temperature changes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region based on CMIP631
Spatiotemporal change and attribution of potential evapotranspiration over China from 1901 to 210030
Estimation of daily evapotranspiration in Košice City (Slovakia) using several soft computing techniques30
New high-resolution gridded dataset of daily mean, minimum, and maximum temperature and relative humidity for Central Europe (HYRAS)30
Modeling reference evapotranspiration using a novel regression-based method: radial basis M5 model tree29
Modeling of stage-discharge using back propagation ANN-, ANFIS-, and WANN-based computing techniques29
Climatic trends variability and concerning flow regime of Upper Indus Basin, Jehlum, and Kabul river basins Pakistan29
Dominant pattern of year-to-year variability of summer precipitation in Nepal during 1987–201528
Exploring extreme warm temperature trends in South Africa: 1960–201627
Updating regionalization of precipitation in Ecuador26
Analyzing the applicability of some precipitation concentration indices over Serbia26
Quantification of urban heat intensity with land use/land cover changes using Landsat satellite data over urban landscapes26
Identifying the suitable habitats for Anatolian boxwood (Buxus sempervirens L.) for the future regarding the climate change26
Variation in physical characteristics of rainfall in Iran, determined using daily rainfall concentration index and monthly rainfall percentage index26
Climate of Iran according to Köppen-Geiger, Feddema, and UNEP climate classifications25
Observed changes and trends in heatwave characteristics in Turkey since 195025
Comparison of spatial interpolation methods for estimating the precipitation distribution in Portugal25
Trend analysis and change point determination for hydro-meteorological and groundwater data of Kizilirmak basin25
Hurst exponent approach through rescaled range analysis to study the time series of summer monsoon rainfall over northeast India25
Innovative trend analysis of spatial and temporal rainfall variations in Umiam and Umtru watersheds in Meghalaya, India24
Aridity trends in the Middle East and adjacent areas24
Solar radiation prediction using multi-gene genetic programming approach24
Forecasting monthly fluctuations of lake surface areas using remote sensing techniques and novel machine learning methods24
The development of evolutionary computing model for simulating reference evapotranspiration over Peninsular Malaysia23
A study on skewness and kurtosis estimators of wind speed distribution under indeterminacy23
Urban flood vulnerability assessment in a densely urbanized city using multi-factor analysis and machine learning algorithms23
Enhancing monthly lake levels forecasting using heuristic regression techniques with periodicity data component: application of Lake Michigan22
Climate change driven changes of vegetation fires in the Czech Republic22
Revisiting the 1992 severe drought episode in South Africa: the role of El Niño in the anomalies of atmospheric circulation types in Africa south of the equator22
Seasonal rainfall hindcasting using ensemble multi-stage genetic programming22
Potential of hybrid wavelet-coupled data-driven-based algorithms for daily runoff prediction in complex river basins22
Spatial diversity of air temperature changes in Poland in 1961–201822
A joint extreme index for compound droughts and hot extremes22
Urban signals in high-resolution weather and climate simulations: role of urban land-surface characterisation22
Intraseasonal variability of Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall in CMIP6 models simulation22
Monitoring monthly soil moisture conditions in China with temperature vegetation dryness indexes based on an enhanced vegetation index and normalized difference vegetation index21
Impact of meteorological parameters on COVID-19 transmission in Bangladesh: a spatiotemporal approach21
Spatio-temporal variability of lightning climatology and its association with thunderstorm indices over India21
Evaluation and selection of CMIP6 climate models in Upper Awash Basin (UBA), Ethiopia21
Evaluating the GPCC Full Data Daily Analysis Version 2018 through ETCCDI indices and comparison with station observations over mainland of China21
Assessing nonstationarity impacts for historical and projected extreme precipitation in Turkey21
Trends of extreme air temperature and precipitation and their impact on corn and soybean yields in Nebraska, USA21
Evaluation of multivariate linear regression for reference evapotranspiration modeling in different climates of Iran21
Drought hazard depending on elevation and precipitation in Lorestan, Iran20
Modeling of pan evaporation based on the development of machine learning methods20
Climate change projections of rainfall and its impact on the cropland suitability for rice and wheat crops in the Sone river command, Bihar20
Machine learning-based downscaling: application of multi-gene genetic programming for downscaling daily temperature at Dogonbadan, Iran, under CMIP6 scenarios20
Future changes in precipitation extremes during northeast monsoon over south peninsular India20
Retrospection of heatwave and heat index20
Application of machine learning for solar radiation modeling20
The sensitivity of the SPEI to potential evapotranspiration and precipitation at multiple timescales on the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, China20
Assessment of drought events, their trend and teleconnection factors over Burundi, East Africa20
Performance evaluation of numerical and machine learning methods in estimating reference evapotranspiration in a Brazilian agricultural frontier20
Effect of rare disaster risks on crude oil: evidence from El Niño from over 145 years of data20
Changes in urbanization and urban heat island effect in Dhaka city19
An investigation of the short-term meteorological drought variability over Asir Region of Saudi Arabia19
A new evolutionary time series model for streamflow forecasting in boreal lake-river systems19
Global drought monitoring with drought severity index (DSI) using Google Earth Engine19
Assessment of mapping of annual average rainfall in a tropical country like Bangladesh: remotely sensed output vs. kriging estimate19
A hybrid spatio-temporal modelling: an application to space-time rainfall forecasting19
Climate-induced rice yield anomalies linked to large-scale atmospheric circulation in Bangladesh using multi-statistical modeling18
Bias correction method of high-resolution satellite-based precipitation product for Peninsular Malaysia18
Assessing the responses of hydrological drought to meteorological drought in the Huai River Basin, China18
Spatiotemporal changes in precipitation extremes in the arid province of Pakistan with removal of the influence of natural climate variability18
Changes in monsoon rainfall distribution of Bangladesh using quantile regression model18
A study on copula-based bivariate and trivariate drought assessment in Godavari River basin and the teleconnection of drought with large-scale climate indices18
Characterization of interannual and seasonal variability of hydro-climatic trends in the Upper Indus Basin18
Recent changes in temperature and precipitation indices in the Southern Carpathians, Romania (1961–2018)18
Groundwater level estimation in northern region of Bangladesh using hybrid locally weighted linear regression and Gaussian process regression modeling18
The application of piecewise ITA method in Oxford, 1870–201918
Combination of data-driven models and best subset regression for predicting the standardized precipitation index (SPI) at the Upper Godavari Basin in India18
Investigating the relationship between land alteration and the urban heat island of Seville city using multi-temporal Landsat data18
Spatiotemporal trends of temperature extremes in Bangladesh under changing climate using multi-statistical techniques18
Comparison of parametric and nonparametric standardized precipitation index for detecting meteorological drought over the Indian region18
Ranking of gridded precipitation datasets by merging compromise programming and global performance index: a case study of the Amu Darya basin18
Investigating the effect of improved drought events extraction method on spatiotemporal characteristics of drought18
Anthropogenic climate change: the impact of the global carbon budget17
A framework for climate change assessment in Mediterranean data-sparse watersheds using remote sensing and ARIMA modeling17
The influence of temperature and precipitation on the vegetation dynamics of the tropical island of Hainan17
Patterns of atmospheric circulation in Western Europe linked to heavy rainfall in Germany: preliminary analysis into the 2021 heavy rainfall episode17
Impact of climate change on the staple food crops yield in Ethiopia: implications for food security17
A new regionalization of rainfall patterns based on wavelet transform information and hierarchical cluster analysis in northeastern Algeria17
Water level change of lakes and sinkholes in Central Turkey under anthropogenic effects17
Selection of the best probability models for daily annual maximum rainfalls in Egypt17
Spatiotemporal changes in rainfall and droughts of Bangladesh for1.5 and 2 °C temperature rise scenarios of CMIP6 models17
Development of a new wavelet-based hybrid model to forecast multi-scalar SPEI drought index (case study: Zanjan city, Iran)17
Long-term changes in climatic variables over the Bharathapuzha river basin, Kerala, India17
Trend analysis of hydro-meteorological parameters in the Jhelum River basin, North Western Himalayas17
Köppen-Geiger and Camargo climate classifications for the Midwest of Brasil17
Projection of droughts in Amu river basin for shared socioeconomic pathways CMIP616
Comparison of precipitation projections of CMIP5 and CMIP6 global climate models over Yulin, China16
Response of soil moisture and vegetation conditions in seasonal variation of land surface temperature and surface urban heat island intensity in sub-tropical semi-arid cities16
The performance of regional climate models driven by various general circulation models in reproducing observed rainfall over East Africa16
Climate change impact on the initial development of tropical forest species: a multi-model assessment16
Changes in extreme air temperatures in the mid-sized European city situated on southern base of a mountain (Zagreb, Croatia)16
Spatiotemporal analysis of drought by CHIRPS precipitation estimates16
Long-term regional changes in inter-annual precipitation variability in the Campania Region, Southern Italy16
Spatio-temporal variability and trend analysis of rainfall in Wainganga river basin, Central India, and forecasting using state-space models15
Robust bias-correction of precipitation extremes using a novel hybrid empirical quantile-mapping method15
Meteorological drought analysis with different indices for the Betwa River basin, India15
Trend analysis and change point detection of annual and seasonal horizontal visibility trends in Saudi Arabia15
Recent changes in temperature extremes in subtropical climate region and the role of large-scale atmospheric oscillation patterns15
Spatio-temporal rainfall variability over different meteorological subdivisions in India: analysis using different machine learning techniques15
Urmia lake water depth modeling using extreme learning machine-improved grey wolf optimizer hybrid algorithm15
Changes of precipitation pattern in China: 1961–201015
Innovative and successive average trend analysis of temperature and precipitation in Osijek, Croatia15
Temperature and precipitation trend analysis of the Iraq Region under SRES scenarios during the twenty-first century15
Spatio-temporal analysis of dry and wet periods in Iran by using Global Precipitation Climatology Center-Drought Index (GPCC-DI)15
Assessment of surface energy balance algorithm for land and operational simplified surface energy balance algorithm over freshwater and saline water bodies in Urmia Lake Basin15
Multiple indices-based assessment of agricultural drought: A case study in Gilgel Gibe Sub-basin, Southern Ethiopia15
Estimation of a trend of meteorological and hydrological drought over Qinhuai River Basin15
Spatial and temporal drought projections of northwestern Turkey15
Evaluation of the performance of bias-corrected CORDEX regional climate models in reproducing Baro–Akobo basin climate15
Synergistic effects of climatic factors and drought on maize yield in the east of Northwest China against the background of climate change15
Evaluation and comparison of CMIP6 and CMIP5 model performance in simulating the runoff15
Drought analyses of Eastern Mediterranean, Seyhan, Ceyhan, and Asi Basins by using aggregate drought index (ADI)15
Temporal flood forecasting for trans-boundary Jhelum River of Greater Himalayas14
Improving quantitative precipitation estimates by radar-rain gauge merging and an integration algorithm in the Yishu River catchment, China14
Hydro-climatic extremes in the Himalayan watersheds: a case of the Marshyangdi Watershed, Nepal14
Changes in monsoon precipitation patterns over Bangladesh and its teleconnections with global climate14
Trends in pan evaporation and climate variables in Iran14
Variations in the top-layer soil freezing/thawing process from 2009 to 2018 in the Maqu area of the Tibetan Plateau14
Solving the pan evaporation process complexity using the development of multiple mode of neurocomputing models14
Drought indices for the Zagreb-Grič Observatory with an overview of drought damage in agriculture in Croatia14
Spatiotemporal monitoring and change detection of vegetation cover for drought management in the Middle East14
Distinct effects of winter monsoon and westerly circulation on dust aerosol transport over East Asia14
Periodicity in precipitation and temperature for monthly data of Turkey14
Spatiotemporal analysis of drought and rainfall in Pakistan via Standardized Precipitation Index: homogeneous regions, trend, wavelet, and influence of El Niño-southern oscillation14
Waterlogging risk assessment of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration in the past 60 years14
Recent trends in atmospheric evaporative demand in Southwest Iran: implications for change in drought severity14
Urbanization reduces frequency of light rain: an example from Beijing City14
Spatiotemporal characteristics and risk assessment of agricultural drought disasters during the winter wheat-growing season on the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, China14
Annual and seasonal precipitation trends and their attributions in the Qinling Mountains, a climate transitional zone in China14
Climate change perception in Romania13
Pan evaporative changes in transboundary Godavari River basin, India13
Contributions of climate change and human activities to runoff and sediment discharge reductions in the Jialing River, a main tributary of the upper Yangtze River, China13
How do CMIP6 models project changes in precipitation extremes over seasons and locations across the mid hills of Nepal?13
Modeling the volatility changes in Lake Urmia water level time series13
Temperature and precipitation in the US states: long memory, persistence, and time trend13
Defining climate zone of Borneo based on cluster analysis13
A robust method to develop future rainfall IDF curves under climate change condition in two major basins of Iran13
Localized linear regression methods for estimating monthly precipitation grids using elevation, rain gauge, and TRMM data13
Performance of the FAO Penman-Monteith equation under limiting conditions and fourteen reference evapotranspiration models in southern Manitoba13
Soybean yield prediction by machine learning and climate13
Classic trend analysis methods’ paradoxical results and innovative trend analysis methodology with percentile ranges13
Performance evaluation of NCEP/NCAR reanalysis blended with observation-based datasets for estimating reference evapotranspiration across Iran13
Evaluation of events of extreme temperature change between neighboring days in CMIP6 models over China13
Variability of climate-induced rice yields in northwest Bangladesh using multiple statistical modeling13
Study of urban heat island index methods for urban agglomerations (hilly terrain) in Chongqing13
Using multiple indexes to analyze temporal and spatial patterns of precipitation and drought in Xinjiang, China12
Agricultural zoning as tool for expansion of cassava in climate change scenarios12
Analysis of the July 2021 extreme precipitation in Henan using the novel moisture budget equation12
Weather and traffic accidents in the Czech Republic, 1979–202012
Power law characteristics of trend analysis in Turkey12
Estimation of daily reference evapotranspiration with limited climatic data using machine learning approaches across different climate zones in New Mexico12
Urban heat island dynamics in response to land use land cover change: a case of Jimma city, southwestern Ethiopia12
Present-day climate and projected future temperature and precipitation changes in Ecuador12
Testing the accuracy of high-resolution satellite-based and numerical model output precipitation products over Ethiopia12
An assessment of temperature simulations by CMIP6 climate models over the Tibetan Plateau and differences with CMIP5 climate models12
Performance evaluation and bias correction of gridded precipitation products over Arun River Basin in Nepal for hydrological applications12
A spatiotemporal analysis of extreme agrometeorological events during selected growth stages of maize (Zea mays L.) from 1960 to 2017 in Northeast China12
Spatial and temporal changes in vegetation and desertification (1982–2018) and their responses to climate change in the Ulan Buh Desert, Northwest China12
Comparison of GCM and RCM simulated precipitation and temperature over Central America and the Caribbean12
Three-dimensional risk analysis of hydro-meteorological drought using multivariate nonlinear index12
Precipitation and runoff variation characteristics in typical regions of North China Plain: a case study of Hengshui City12
Tourism-related climate information for adjusted and responsible planning in the tourism industry in Barcelona, Spain12
Downscaling daily air-temperature measurements in the Netherlands12
Selection of CMIP6 GCM with projection of climate over the Amu Darya River Basin12
Applying urban climate model in prediction mode—evaluation of MUKLIMO_3 model performance for Austrian cities based on the summer period of 201912
Projected climate change in the Karkheh Basin, Iran, based on CORDEX models12
On the use of an innovative trend analysis methodology for temporal trend identification in extreme rainfall indices over the Central Highlands, Vietnam12
Comparison of SEBAL, METRIC, and ALARM algorithms for estimating actual evapotranspiration of wheat crop12
Uncertainty of climate change impact on crop characteristics: a case study of Moghan plain in Iran12
The intraseasonal fluctuation of Indian summer monsoon rainfall and its relation with monsoon intraseasonal oscillation (MISO) and Madden Julian oscillation (MJO)12
Strikingly contrasting Indian monsoon progressions during 2013 and 2014: role of Western Tibetan Plateau and the South China Sea12
Wind energy potential assessment using Weibull distribution with various numerical estimation methods: a case study in Mersing and Port Dickson, Malaysia12
Long-term basin-scale comparison of two high-resolution satellite-based remote sensing datasets for assessing rainfall and erosivity in a basin in the Brazilian semiarid region12
Assessing the cooling efficiency of urban parks using data envelopment analysis and remote sensing data12
Testing and improving type 1 error performance of Şen’s innovative trend analysis method12
Entropy analysis and pattern recognition in rainfall data, north Algeria12
Effect of climate zone change on energy consumption of office and residential buildings in China12
Evaluation of nine precipitation products with ground-based measurements during 2001 to 2013 in alpine Upper Reach of Shule River Basin, northeastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau12
Calibration of empirical equations for estimating reference evapotranspiration in different climates of Iran12
The long-term (142 years) spatiotemporal reconstruction and synoptic analysis of extreme low temperatures (− 15 °C or lower) in the northwest region of Iran12
Relationship of irrigated wheat yield with temperature in hot environments of Sudan12
Observed changes in rainfall amount and extreme events in southeastern Ethiopia, 1955–201511
Distribution of hazard and risk caused by agricultural drought and flood and their correlations in summer monsoon–affected areas of China11
Developing an urban runoff management model by using satellite precipitation datasets to allocate low impact development systems under climate change conditions11
Evaluation of long-term monthly mean streamflow trend in the Mediterranean basins using different methods11
Evaluation and ranking of different gridded precipitation datasets for Satluj River basin using compromise programming and f-TOPSIS11
Validating CHIRPS ability to estimate rainfall amount and detect rainfall occurrences in the Philippines11
Actual evapotranspiration and crop coefficients for tropical lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.) in eastern India11
Process-based indicators for timely identification of apricot frost disaster on the warm temperate zone, China11
Sensitivity of convective parameterization schemes in regional climate model: precipitation extremes over India11
Temperature and urban heat island effect in Lublin city in Poland under changing climate11
Selection of the best fit probability distributions for temperature data and the use of L-moment ratio diagram method: a case study for NSW in Australia11
Evaluation of FAO’s WaPOR product in estimating the reference evapotranspiration for stream flow modeling11
Performance of MPAS-A and WRF in predicting and simulating western North Pacific tropical cyclone tracks and intensities11
Different air temperature changes in continental and Mediterranean regions: a case study from two Croatian stations11
Relative performance of CMIP5 and CMIP6 models in simulating rainfall in Peninsular Malaysia11
Trends, sensitivity and estimation of daily reference evapotranspiration ET0 using limited climate data: regional focus on Burkina Faso in the West African Sahel11
Trends, variability, and teleconnections of long-term rainfall in the Terai region of India11
Approaching environmental human thermophysiological thresholds for the case of Ankara, Turkey11
Impact of future climate change on malaria in West Africa11
Developing drought index–based forecasts for tropical climates using wavelet neural network: an application in Fiji11
Estimation of Tasuj aquifer response to main meteorological parameter variations under Shared Socioeconomic Pathways scenarios11
Optimal location of yield with the cheapest water footprint of the crop using multiple regression and artificial neural network models in GIS11
The role of spatial displacement of Arabian subtropical high pressure in the annual displacement of the ITCZ in East Africa11
Intercomparison and uncertainty assessment of methods for estimating evapotranspiration using a high-resolution gridded weather dataset over Brazil11
Extreme climate events under global warming in northern Fars Province, southern Iran11
Surface-based nocturnal air temperature inversions in southern Poland and their influence on PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations in Upper Silesia11
Seasonal temperature response over the Indochina Peninsula to a worst-case high-emission forcing: a study with the regionally coupled model ROM11
Ground validation of diurnal TRMM 3B42 V7 and GPM precipitation products over the northeast of Iran11
New climatic zones in Iran: a comparative study of different empirical methods and clustering technique11
Economic evaluation of the climate changes on food security in Iran: application of CGE model11
Future climatic changes, extreme events, related uncertainties, and policy recommendations in the Hindu Kush sub-regions of Pakistan10
Spatial variations of extreme precipitation events and attribution analysis in the main water resource area of the Belt and Road Initiative10
Spatial interpolation methods for estimating monthly rainfall distribution in Thailand10
Climate risks and socio-economic vulnerability in Tamil Nadu, India10