Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society

(The TQCC of Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society is 5. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 250 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2020-06-01 to 2024-06-01.)
The ERA5 global reanalysis10924
The ERA5 global reanalysis: Preliminary extension to 1950205
An evaluation of ERA5 precipitation for climate monitoring86
The impact of Aeolus wind retrievals on ECMWF global weather forecasts81
Convection‐permitting modelling improves simulated precipitation over the central and eastern Tibetan Plateau69
Using machine learning to correct model error in data assimilation and forecast applications53
An evaluation of surface meteorology and fluxes over the Iceland and Greenland Seas in ERA5 reanalysis: The impact of sea ice distribution46
Increasing heavy rainfall events in south India due to changing land use and land cover43
Assimilation of satellite data in numerical weather prediction. Part II: Recent years40
Differences between the 2018 and 2019 stratospheric polar vortex split events32
An evaluation of tropical waves and wave forcing of the QBO in the QBOi models29
Year‐round sub‐seasonal forecast skill for Atlantic–European weather regimes29
Assessing the potential and application of crowdsourced urban wind data29
Urban‐induced modifications to the diurnal cycle of rainfall over a tropical city26
Teleconnections of the Quasi‐Biennial Oscillation in a multi‐model ensemble of QBO‐resolving models25
Latent space data assimilation by using deep learning25
Insights into the convective evolution of Mediterranean tropical‐like cyclones24
Revisiting the identification of wintertime atmospheric circulation regimes in the Euro‐Atlantic sector24
The regional model‐based Mesoscale Ensemble Prediction System, MEPS, at the Japan Meteorological Agency24
On the analysis of a summertime convective event in a hyperarid environment23
Sub‐km scale numerical weather prediction model simulations of radiation fog22
Recent upgrades to the Met Office convective‐scale ensemble: An hourly time‐lagged 5‐day ensemble22
Climate variability and impacts on maize (Zea mays) yield in Ghana, West Africa22
Dynamics of concurrent and sequential Central European and Scandinavian heatwaves22
An assessment of GNSS radio occultation data produced by Spire22
A consistent interpretation of the stochastic version of the Ensemble Kalman Filter22
Revisiting the relation between momentum and scalar roughness lengths of urban surfaces21
Optimization and impact assessment of Aeolus HLOS wind assimilation in NOAA's global forecast system21
Characteristics of convective precipitation over tropical Africa in storm‐resolving global simulations21
A deep learning framework for lightning forecasting with multi‐source spatiotemporal data20
Assimilating visible satellite images for convective‐scale numerical weather prediction: A case‐study20
Evaluation of ice particle growth in ICON using statistics of multi‐frequency Doppler cloud radar observations19
Large‐eddy simulation of foehn–cold pool interactions in the Inn Valley during PIANO IOP 219
Revision of the Stochastically Perturbed Parametrisations model uncertainty scheme in the Integrated Forecasting System19
Operational assimilation of Aeolus winds in the Météo‐France global NWP model ARPEGE19
SINGV: A convective‐scale weather forecast model for Singapore19
Stratospheric influence on ECMWF sub‐seasonal forecast skill for energy‐industry‐relevant surface weather in European countries19
Statistical approaches to assimilate ASCAT soil moisture information—I. Methodologies and first assessment19
Central Arctic weather forecasting: Confronting theECMWF IFSwith observations from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition19
Tropical cyclone life cycle in a three‐dimensional numerical simulation18
Understanding the post‐monsoon tropical cyclone variability and trend over the Bay of Bengal during the satellite era18
Impact of the Aeolus Level‐2B horizontal line‐of‐sight winds in the Environment and Climate Change Canada global forecast system18
Abnormal warm sea‐surface temperature in the Indian Ocean, active potential vorticity over the Tibetan Plateau, and severe flooding along the Yangtze River in summer 202017
How an urban parameterization affects a high‐resolution global climate simulation17
Coupled data assimilation at ECMWF: current status, challenges and future developments17
Resolved gravity waves in the tropical stratosphere: Impact of horizontal resolution and deep convection parametrization17
Extreme precipitation events over northern Italy. Part II: Dynamical precursors17
Upper‐tropospheric inflow layers in tropical cyclones16
Which precipitation forecasts to use? Deterministic versus coarser‐resolution ensemble NWP models16
Following moist intrusions into the Arctic using SHEBA observations in a Lagrangian perspective16
On the daily cycle of mesoscale cloud organization in the winter trades16
Three‐dimensional pathways of dust over the Sahara during summer 2011 as revealed by new Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer observations16
Contribution of mean and eddy momentum processes to tropical cyclone intensification16
Spatial variability and possible cause analysis of regional precipitation complexity based on optimized sample entropy16
The representation of winter Northern Hemisphere atmospheric blocking in ECMWF seasonal prediction systems16
Spectrum calibration of the first hyperspectral infrared measurements from a geostationary platform: Method and preliminary assessment16
Air pollution in the Gobi Desert region: Analysis of dust‐storm events16
Combining distribution‐based neural networks to predict weather forecast probabilities15
The intricacies of identifying equatorial waves15
Response times of meteorological air temperature sensors15
Analysis of diurnal to seasonal variability of Integrated Water Vapour in the South Indian Ocean basin using ground‐based GNSS and fifth‐generation ECMWF reanalysis (ERA5) data15
On resolution sensitivity in the Community Atmosphere Model15
Wind‐Topo: Downscaling near‐surface wind fields to high‐resolution topography in highly complex terrain with deep learning15
Prediction and precursors of Idai and 38 other tropical cyclones and storms in the Mozambique Channel15
Prediction of the quasi‐biennial oscillation with a multi‐model ensemble of QBO‐resolving models15
Assimilation of radar reflectivity volumes in a pre‐operational framework14
Analysis and design of covariance inflation methods using inflation functions. Part 1: Theoretical framework14
Linking rapid forecast error growth to diabatic processes14
Large‐scale connection to deadly Indian heatwaves14
Role of moist and dry air advection in the development of Mediterranean tropical‐like cyclones (medicanes)14
Can geostrophic adjustment of baroclinic disturbances in the tropical atmosphere explain MJO events?13
Impact of the Madden–Julian Oscillation on extreme precipitation over the western Maritime Continent and Southeast Asia13
Assessment of convection‐permitting versions of the Unified Model over the Lake Victoria basin region13
Exploring relationships between weather patterns and observed lightning activity for Britain and Ireland13
Heavy versus extreme rainfall events in southeast Australia13
Hailstorms in the Alpine region: Diurnal cycle, 4D‐characteristics, and the nowcasting potential of lightning properties13
Introducing TC intensity into the DSAEF_LTP model and simulating precipitation of super‐typhoon Lekima (2019)13
Identifying the key challenges for fog and low stratus forecasting in complex terrain13
Reducing the spin‐up of a regional NWP system without data assimilation13
What do large‐scale patterns teach us about extreme precipitation over the Mediterranean at medium‐ and extended‐range forecasts?13
Analog ensemble data assimilation and a method for constructing analogs with variational autoencoders13
Baroclinicity and directional shear explain departures from the logarithmic wind profile13
Quality control and bias adjustment of crowdsourced wind speed observations12
More accuracy with less precision12
Supermodding – A special footprint operator for mesoscale data assimilation using scatterometer winds12
One‐dimensional maximum‐likelihood estimation for spaceborne precipitation radar data assimilation12
Exploring the potential and limitations of weak‐constraint 4D‐Var12
Implementation of a double moment cloud microphysics scheme in the UK met office regional numerical weather prediction model12
The fractional energy balance equation12
Relative impact of observations on a regional Arctic numerical weather prediction system12
Improving the ocean and atmosphere in a coupled ocean–atmosphere model by assimilating satellite sea‐surface temperature and subsurface profile data12
Geostrophic drag law for conventionally neutral atmospheric boundary layers revisited12
Modes of coastal precipitation over southwest India and their relationship with intraseasonal variability12
The clear‐sky downwelling long‐wave radiation at the surface in current and future climates11
Influence of a spectral cumulus parametrization on simulating global tropical cyclone activity in an AGCM11
Major surface melting over the Ross Ice Shelf part I: Foehn effect11
Assessing the quality of novel Aeolus winds for NWP applications at NCMRWF11
The role of atmospheric dynamics and large‐scale topography in driving heatwaves11
Towards a dry‐mass conserving hydrostatic global spectral dynamical core in a general moist atmosphere11
Improving the Met Office's Forecast Ocean Assimilation Model (FOAM) with the assimilation of satellite‐derived sea‐ice thickness data from CryoSat‐2 and SMOS in the Ar10
Dynamics and oceanic response of the Madeira tip‐jets10
Near‐field atmospheric inversions for the localization and quantification of controlled methane releases using stationary and mobile measurements10
Comparison of kilometre and sub‐kilometre scale simulations of a foehn wind event over the Larsen C Ice Shelf, Antarctic Peninsula using the Met Office Unified Model (MetUM)10
Numerical prediction of tropical cyclogenesis part I: Evaluation of model performance10
Understanding changes of the continuous ranked probability score using a homogeneous Gaussian approximation10
Waves and coherent flows in the tropical atmosphere: New opportunities, old challenges10
Reconciling different methods of high‐latitude blocking detection10
Model error covariance estimation in particle and ensemble Kalman filters using an online expectation–maximization algorithm10
Examination of all‐sky infrared radiance simulation of Himawari‐8 for global data assimilation and model verification10
A new stochastic ocean physics package and its application to hybrid‐covariance data assimilation10
Urban intensification of convective rainfall over the SingaporeJohor Bahru region10
Observational analysis and simulations of a severe hailstorm in northeastern Italy10
Comparison of multivariate post‐processing methods using global ECMWF ensemble forecasts10
A particle flow filter for high‐dimensional system applications9
Variation in the Holton–Tan effect by longitude9
Multi‐resolution incremental 4D‐Var for WRF: Implementation and application at convective scale9
The resistance law for stably stratified atmospheric planetary boundary layers9
A compatible finite‐element discretisation for the moist compressible Euler equations9
The sensitivity of the West African monsoon circulation to intraseasonal soil moisture feedbacks9
Features of atmospheric deep convection in northwestern South America obtained from infrared satellite data9
Direct 4D‐Var assimilation of space‐borne cloud radar reflectivity and lidar backscatter. Part I: Observation operator and implementation9
Delhi Model with Chemistry and aerosol framework (DM‐Chem) for high‐resolution fog forecasting9
Characterising extratropical near‐tropopause analysis humidity biases and their radiative effects on temperature forecasts9
Multigrid preconditioners for the mixed finite element dynamical core of the LFRic atmospheric model9
How grid‐spacing and convection representation affected the wind speed forecasts of four polar lows9
State, global, and local parameter estimation using local ensemble Kalman filters: Applications to online machine learning of chaotic dynamics9
Baroclinic instability and large‐scale wave propagation in a planetary‐scale atmosphere9
Major surface melting over the Ross Ice Shelf part II: Surface energy balance9
Large‐eddy simulations of the atmospheric boundary layer over an Alpine glacier: Impact of synoptic flow direction and governing processes9
Beyond skill scores: exploring sub‐seasonal forecast value through a case‐study of French month‐ahead energy prediction9
Recurvature and movement processes of tropical cyclones over the Bay of Bengal9
Monthly and zonally averaged zonal wind information in the equatorial stratosphere provided by GNSS radio occultation9
NWP calibration applied to Aeolus Mie channel winds9
Towards a more “scale‐aware” orographic gravity wave drag parametrization: Description and initial testing8
Changes in atmospheric latent energy transport into the Arctic: Planetary versus synoptic scales8
Evaluation of a roughness length parametrization accounting for wind–wave alignment in a coupled atmosphere–wave model8
Observation impact metrics in NWP: A theoretical study. Part I: Optimal systems8
Katabatic and convective processes drive two preferred peaks in the precipitation diurnal cycle over the Central Himalaya8
Spatial and temporal variations in near‐surface energy fluxes in an Alpine valley under synoptically undisturbed and clear‐sky conditions8
Estimating optimal localization for sampled background‐error covariances of hydrometeor variables8
Flower trade‐wind clouds are shallow mesoscale convective systems8
External controls on the transition between stable boundary‐layer turbulence regimes8
Numerical impacts on tracer transport: A proposed intercomparison test of Atmospheric General Circulation Models8
Evaluation of global reanalysis winds and high‐resolution regional model outputs with the 205 MHz stratosphere–troposphere wind profiler radar observations8
A new global ocean ensemble system at the Met Office: Assessing the impact of hybrid data assimilation and inflation settings8
Why does EnKF suffer from analysis overconfidence? An insight into exploiting the ever‐increasing volume of observations8
Assimilation of shipborne precipitable water vapour by Global Navigation Satellite Systems for extreme precipitation events8
A data assimilation algorithm for predicting rain8
On the separation of upper and low‐level centres of tropical storm Kong‐Rey (2013) near Taiwan in association with asymmetric latent heating8
The generalized Ekman model for the tropical cyclone boundary layer revisited: The myth of inertial stability as a restoring force8
Stochastic parametrization: An alternative to inflation in ensemble Kalman filters8
Perspective on aircraft in the stratosphere: 50 years from COMESA through the ozone hole to climate8
TRAIL part 2: A comprehensive assessment of ice particle fall speed parametrisations8
Numerical discretization causing error variance loss and the need for inflation8
Improvements in tropical precipitation and sea surface air temperature fields in a coupled atmosphere–ocean data assimilation system8
Speed‐up of the Madeira tip jets in the ERA5 climate highlights the decadal variability of the Atlantic subtropics8
C‐POOL: A scheme for modelling convective cold pools in the Met Office Unified Model7
Validation of the Aeolus L2B Rayleigh winds and ECMWF short‐range forecasts in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere using Loon super pressure balloon observations7
Evaluation of point forecasts for extreme events using consistent scoring functions7
The SPARC Quasi‐Biennial Oscillation initiative7
Modelling and parametrization of the convective flow over leads in sea ice and comparison with airborne observations7
Comparing wavelet and Fourier perspectives on the decomposition of meridional energy transport into synoptic and planetary components7
Impact of season, cloud cover, and air pollution on different spectral regions of ultraviolet and visible incident solar radiation at the surface7
Distilling the mechanism for the Madden–Julian Oscillation into a simple translating structure7
Quantifying the circulation induced by convective clouds in kilometer‐scale simulations7
An implementation of single‐precision fast spherical harmonic transform in Yin–He global spectral model7
Cold pools over the Netherlands: A statistical study from tower and radar observations7
Ensemble Kalman filter for nonconservative moving mesh solvers with a joint physics and mesh location update7
Dynamical propagation and growth mechanisms for convectively coupled equatorial Kelvin waves over the Indian Ocean7
Understanding London's summertime cloud cover7
Accurate, simple equation for saturated vapour pressure over water and ice7
On the addition of microwave sounders and numerical weather prediction skill7
Evaluation of adjoint‐based observation impacts as a function of forecast length using an Observing System Simulation Experiment7
Weather patterns in Southeast Asia: Relationship with tropical variability and heavy precipitation7
A high‐order WENO‐limited finite‐volume algorithm for atmospheric flow using the ADER‐differential transform time discretization7
Distributed urban drag parametrization for sub‐kilometre scale numerical weather prediction7
Baroclinicity in stable atmospheric boundary layers: Characterizing turbulence structures and collapsing wind profiles via reduced models and large‐eddy simulations7
Radar reflectivity assimilation using hourly cycling 4D‐Var in the Met Office Unified Model7
Two‐fluid single‐column modelling of Rayleigh–Bénard convection as a step towards multi‐fluid modelling of atmospheric convection7
Continuous data assimilation for global numerical weather prediction7
Direct 4D‐Var assimilation of space‐borne cloud radar and lidar observations. Part II: Impact on analysis and subsequent forecast7
Sub‐hourly resolution quality control of rain‐gauge data significantly improves regional sub‐daily return level estimates7
Impact of all‐sky water vapour channel radiance from INSAT‐3D/3DR satellite over South Asia region using WRF model7
Observations of air–sea heat fluxes in the southwestern Atlantic under high‐frequency ocean and atmospheric perturbations7
Bidimensional climatology and trends of Northern Hemisphere blocking utilizing a new detection method7
Assimilation of crowd‐sourced surface observations over Germany in a regional weather prediction system7
The role of shallow convection in the momentum budget of the trades from large‐eddy‐simulation hindcasts7
Persistent warm and dry extremes over the eastern Mediterranean during winter: The role of North Atlantic blocking and central Mediterranean cyclones6
Aircraft observations and sub‐km modelling of the lake–land breeze circulation over Lake Victoria6
A cold pool perturbation scheme to improve convective initiation in convection‐permitting models6
Water vapour products from ERA5, MERSI‐II/FY‐3D, OLCI/Sentinel‐3A, OLCI/Sentinel‐3B, MODIS/Aqua and MODIS6
Assessing the robustness of multidecadal variability in Northern Hemisphere wintertime seasonal forecast skill6
Sensitivity of QBO teleconnection to model circulation biases6
Long‐term single‐column model intercomparison of diurnal cycle of precipitation over midlatitude and tropical land6
Combining data assimilation and machine learning to estimate parameters of a convective‐scale model6
Key parameters for droplet evaporation and mixing at the cloud edge6
Data assimilation for nonlinear systems with a hybrid nonlinear Kalman ensemble transform filter6
Forcing mechanism of the Silk Road pattern and the sensitivity of Rossby‐wave source hotspots to mean‐state winds6
Characterising the shape, size, and orientation of cloud‐feeding coherent boundary‐layer structures6
TRAIL: A novel approach for studying the aerodynamics of ice particles6
An Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer – New Generation (IASI‐NG) channel selection for numerical weather prediction6
Understanding spatiotemporal variability of drought in recent decades and its drivers over identified homogeneous regions of India6
Aircraft observations and reanalysis depictions of trends in the North Atlantic winter jet stream wind speeds and turbulence6
Stratosphere–troposphere coupling enhances subseasonal predictability of Northern Eurasian cold spells6
Distributions and convergence of forecast variables in a 1,000‐member convection‐permitting ensemble6
Understanding mechanisms for trends in Sahelian squall lines: Roles of thermodynamics and shear6
Understanding the relationship of storm‐ to large‐scale environment in the monsoon trough region: results inferred from long‐term radar and reanalysis datasets6
Representation of the Scandinavia–Greenland pattern and its relationship with the polar vortex in S2S forecast models6
Lp‐norm regularization approaches in variational data assimilation6
A new approach to extended‐range multimodel forecasting: Sequential learning algorithms6
The characterization and impact of Aeolus wind profile observations in NOAA's regional tropical cyclone model (HWRF)6
Dynamics of forecast‐error growth along cut‐off Sanchez and its consequence for the prediction of a high‐impact weather event over southern France6
Has the risk of a 1976 north‐west European summer drought and heatwave event increased since the 1970s because of climate change?6
Nowcasting the precipitation phase combining weather radar data, surface observations, and NWP model forecasts6
A conjugate BFGS method for accurate estimation of a posterior error covariance matrix in a linear inverse problem6
Contributions of downstream baroclinic development to strong Southern Hemisphere cut‐off lows6
Effects of terrain‐following vertical coordinates on simulation of stratus clouds in numerical weather prediction models6
Met Office MOGREPS‐G initialisation using an ensemble of hybrid four‐dimensional ensemble variational (En‐4DEnVar) data assimilations6
Incorporating the North Atlantic Oscillation into the post‐processing of MOGREPS‐G wind speed forecasts6
Estimating GPS radio occultation observation error standard deviations over China using the three‐cornered hat method6
On the genesis and dynamics of Madden–Julian oscillation‐like structure formed by equatorial adjustment of localized heating6
The Rankine–Kirchhoff approximations for moist thermodynamics6
Influence of grid resolution of large‐eddy simulations on foehn‐cold pool interaction6
Structure and evolution of intense austral cut‐off lows6
Effective buoyancy and CAPE: Some implications for tropical cyclones6
A dipole of tropical cyclone outgoing long‐wave radiation6
Radar reflectivity data assimilation method based on background‐dependent hydrometeor retrieval: Comparison with direct assimilation for real cases5
Extreme rainfall events in the West African Sahel: Understanding storm development over the Damergou gap using convection‐permitting simulations in the Weather Research and Forecasting model5
Assessment of climate models in relation to the low‐level clouds over the southern Indian Ocean5
On the number of bins in a rank histogram5
Sensitivity of snowfall forecast over North China to ice crystal deposition/sublimation parameterizations in the WSM6 cloud microphysics scheme5
Decreased dissimilarity of turbulent transport attributed to large eddies5
The effect of stochastically perturbed parametrisation tendencies (SPPT) on rapidly ascending air streams5
Thermodynamically consistent versions of approximations used in modelling moist air5
The assimilation of microwave humidity sounder observations in all‐sky conditions5
The effect of Ganges river basin irrigation on pre‐monsoon rainfall5
Impact of the Arctic observing systems on the ECCC global weather forecasts5
Impacts of initial conditions and model configuration on simulations of polar lows near Svalbard using Polar WRF with 3DVAR5
Landfalling tropical cyclone characteristics and their multi‐timescale variability connected to monsoon and easterly formation environments over the western North Pacific5
All‐sky microwave humidity sounder assimilation in the Korean Integrated Model forecast system5
The potential of numerical prediction systems to support the design of Arctic observing systems: Insights from the APPLICATE and YOPP projects5
Circulation conservation in the outflow of warm conveyor belts and consequences for Rossby wave evolution5
Cyclone intensification in the Kuroshio region and its relation to the sea surface temperature front and upper‐level forcing5
Tropical cyclone genesis over the western North Pacific impacted by SST anomalies from other basins while El Niño decays5
Surface‐driven amplification of Madden–Julian oscillation circulation anomalies across East Africa and its influence on the Turkana jet5
The generalized Ekman model for the tropical cyclone boundary layer revisited: Addendum5
Mechanisms of influence of the Semi‐Annual Oscillation on stratospheric sudden warmings5
The daytime trapped lee wave pattern and evolution induced by two small‐scale mountains of different heights5
The influence of air–sea coupling on forecasts of the 2016 Indian summer monsoon and its intraseasonal variability5