Physics in Medicine and Biology

(The TQCC of Physics in Medicine and Biology is 35. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2019-06-01 to 2023-06-01.)
Estimation of optical pathlength through tissue from direct time of flight measurement1515
Spatiotemporal signal space separation method for rejecting nearby interference in MEG measurements1064
Medical image registration988
A large-scale study of the ultrawideband microwave dielectric properties of normal, benign and malignant breast tissues obtained from cancer surgeries884
A radiomics model from joint FDG-PET and MRI texture features for the prediction of lung metastases in soft-tissue sarcomas of the extremities583
Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging519
X-ray phase-contrast imaging: from pre-clinical applications towards clinics516
A unified approach for inversion problems in intensity-modulated radiation therapy516
SpekCalc: a program to calculate photon spectra from tungsten anode x-ray tubes488
A large-scale study of the ultrawideband microwave dielectric properties of normal breast tissue obtained from reduction surgeries486
X-ray computed tomography403
Digimouse: a 3D whole body mouse atlas from CT and cryosection data384
Motion adaptive x-ray therapy: a feasibility study372
The modified Beer–Lambert law revisited363
IMRT: a review and preview319
Targeted disruption of the blood–brain barrier with focused ultrasound: association with cavitation activity318
Methods of image reconstruction from projections applied to conformation radiotherapy317
Optical imaging of Cerenkov light generation from positron-emitting radiotracers309
Fifty years of Monte Carlo simulations for medical physics302
Iterative reconstruction techniques in emission computed tomography283
Polymer gels for magnetic resonance imaging of radiation dose distributions at normal room atmosphere279
Determination of complex refractive index of polystyrene microspheres from 370 to 1610 nm273
Radiation dose distributions in three dimensions from tomographic optical density scanning of polymer gels: I. Development of an optical scanner270
Evaluation of sparse-view reconstruction from flat-panel-detector cone-beam CT266
Exact image reconstruction on PI-lines from minimum data in helical cone-beam CT250
Comparison of dose calculation algorithms for treatment planning in external photon beam therapy for clinical situations242
Performance evaluation of the microPET P4: a PET system dedicated to animal imaging237
FDTD calculations of the whole-body averaged SAR in an anatomically realistic voxel model of the human body from 1 MHz to 1 GHz236
In vivocerebrovascular measurement combining diffuse near-infrared absorption and correlation spectroscopies228
History of tomotherapy212
The fundamental radiation properties of normoxic polymer gel dosimeters: a comparison between a methacrylic acid based gel and acrylamide based gels211
Dielectric properties of human normal, malignant and cirrhotic liver tissue:in vivoandex vivomeasurements from 0.5 to 20 GHz using a precision open-ended coaxial probe209
Development of the female voxel phantom, NAOMI, and its application to calculations of induced current densities and electric fields from applied low frequency magnetic and electric fields206
Determining changes in NIR absorption using a layered model of the human head200
Dielectric properties of mammalian tissues from 0.1 to 100 MHz; a summary of recent data199
A motion-incorporated reconstruction method for gated PET studies197
Changes in the dielectric properties of rat tissue as a function of age at microwave frequencies193
The interaction between Terahertz radiation and biological tissue191
Image-guidance for surgical procedures189
Radiation dose distributions in three dimensions from tomographic optical density scanning of polymer gels: II. Optical properties of the BANG polymer gel188
Refractive indices of human skin tissues at eight wavelengths and estimated dispersion relations between 300 and 1600 nm187
Dynamic ventilation imaging from four-dimensional computed tomography180
Positron emission tomography176
Image reconstruction from fan-beam projections on less than a short scan176
Monte Carlo simulation of electron beams from an accelerator head using PENELOPE171
Nuclear interactions in proton therapy: dose and relative biological effect distributions originating from primary and secondary particles170
Ultrasound imaging167
Dosimetric properties of photon beams from a flattening filter free clinical accelerator163
Investigation of a method for generating synthetic CT models from MRI scans of the head and neck for radiation therapy162
Tissue engineering: the biophysical background159
Respiratory effects in human functional magnetic resonance imaging due to bulk susceptibility changes158
Temporal backward projection of optoacoustic pressure transients using Fourier transform methods158
A pencil beam algorithm for intensity modulated proton therapy derived from Monte Carlo simulations156
Cell model for efficient simulation of wave propagation in human ventricular tissue under normal and pathological conditions156
A soft-threshold filtering approach for reconstruction from a limited number of projections152
Reconstruction of densities from their projections, with applications in radiological physics150
Diagnostic imaging over the last 50 years: research and development in medical imaging science and technology148
Dielectric measurement: error analysis and assessment of uncertainty147
Estimation of effective dose to the patient during medical X-ray examinations from measurements of the dose-area product147
Ultrawideband temperature-dependent dielectric properties of animal liver tissue in the microwave frequency range143
Dose resolution in radiotherapy polymer gel dosimetry: effect of echo spacing in MRI pulse sequence141
Ventilation from four-dimensional computed tomography: density versus Jacobian methods140
Experimental verification of ion stopping power prediction from dual energy CT data in tissue surrogates138
Dose delivered from Varian's CBCT to patients receiving IMRT for prostate cancer137
Review of electron beam therapy physics133
The characterization of unflattened photon beams from a 6 MV linear accelerator132
Fast Monte Carlo simulation of DNA damage formed by electrons and light ions132
Quantitative elasticity imaging: what can and cannot be inferred from strain images131
Depth of interaction resolution measurements for a high resolution PET detector using position sensitive avalanche photodiodes130
A detector head design for small-animal PET with silicon photomultipliers (SiPM)130
Variability analysis of SAR from 20 MHz to 2.4 GHz for different adult and child models using finite-difference time-domain129
A CCD-based optical CT scanner for high-resolution 3D imaging of radiation dose distributions: equipment specifications, optical simulations and preliminary results129
Linac-integrated 4D cone beam CT: first experimental results129
Monte Carlo modelling of electron beams from medical accelerators128
A Monte Carlo based method to estimate radiation dose from multidetector CT (MDCT): cylindrical and anthropomorphic phantoms127
Synchronized moving aperture radiation therapy (SMART): improvement of breathing pattern reproducibility using respiratory coaching125
In vivooptical characterization of human tissues from 610 to 1010 nm by time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy124
Total variation norm for three-dimensional iterative reconstruction in limited view angle tomography122
Determination of the optical properties of turbid media from a single Monte Carlo simulation122
Development of methods for body composition studies121
A model for ultrasonic scattering from tissues based on the K distribution120
Automatic estimation of the noise variance from the histogram of a magnetic resonance image119
Induced current densities from low-frequency magnetic fields in a 2 mm resolution, anatomically realistic model of the body119
Monte Carlo verification of IMRT dose distributions from a commercial treatment planning optimization system119
Validation of a Monte Carlo simulation of the Philips Allegro/GEMINI PET systems using GATE119
Conductivity of living intracranial tissues118
Tumour volume determination from MR images by morphological segmentation116
Motion correction for improved target localization with on-board cone-beam computed tomography116
Deformable registration of the planning image (kVCT) and the daily images (MVCT) for adaptive radiation therapy116
Evaluation of inverse methods and head models for EEG source localization using a human skull phantom115
Time resolved optical tomography of the human forearm115
Treatment planning for heavy ion radiotherapy: clinical implementation and application113
Estimating radiation doses from multidetector CT using Monte Carlo simulations: effects of different size voxelized patient models on magnitudes of organ and effective dose111
Non-invasive and quantitative near-infrared haemoglobin spectrometry in the piglet brain during hypoxic stress, using a frequency-domain multidistance instrument†111
Image reconstruction in regions-of-interest from truncated projections in a reduced fan-beam scan110
A robust approach to IMRT optimization109
An experimental study of the dose response of polymer gel dosimeters imaged with x-ray computed tomography108
Tissue motion assessment from 3D echographic speckle tracking108
Tumour dosimetry in human liver following hepatic yttrium-90 microsphere therapy107
Combining deterministic and Monte Carlo calculations for fast estimation of scatter intensities in CT107
X-ray scattering from human breast tissues and breast-equivalent materials106
Simultaneous MRI and PET imaging of a rat brain106
Acoustic response of compliable microvessels containing ultrasound contrast agents106
MRI-based measurements of respiratory motion variability and assessment of imaging strategies for radiotherapy planning105
On the accuracy of monomer/polymer gel dosimetry in the proximity of a high-dose-rate192Ir source103
Evaluation of response to treatment using DCE-MRI: the relationship between initial area under the gadolinium curve (IAUGC) and quantitative pharmacokinetic analysis102
A Monte Carlo-based method to estimate radiation dose from spiral CT: from phantom testing to patient-specific models102
Functional CT imaging of angiogenesis in rabbit VX2 soft-tissue tumour102
On the detector arrangement for in-beam PET for hadron therapy monitoring101
Intrathoracic tumour motion estimation from CT imaging using the 3D optical flow method101
Generating patient specific pseudo-CT of the head from MR using atlas-based regression100
Calculation of the absorbed dose distribution due to irregularly shaped photon beams using pencil beam kernels derived from basic beam data100
Rapid calculation of biological effects in ion radiotherapy100
Calculations of neutron dose equivalent exposures from range-modulated proton therapy beams100
Dosimetric validation of the anisotropic analytical algorithm for photon dose calculation: fundamental characterization in water99
Investigation of the viscous heating artefact arising from the use of thermocouples in a focused ultrasound field99
Rapid calculations of susceptibility-induced magnetostatic field perturbations forin vivomagnetic resonance99
In vitrodetermination of normal and neoplastic human brain tissue optical properties using inverse adding-doubling98
Thermoacoustic tomography with correction for acoustic speed variations98
A model for susceptibility artefacts from respiration in functional echo-planar magnetic resonance imaging98
Comparison of a finite-element multigroup discrete-ordinates code with Monte Carlo for radiotherapy calculations98
A study of radon emitted from building materials using plastic α-track detectors98
Comparative performance of linear and nonlinear neural networks to predict irregular breathing98
Monitoring of deep brain temperature in infants using multi-frequency microwave radiometry and thermal modelling97
Cross-sections for water vapour for the Monte Carlo electron track structure code from 10 eV to the MeV region97
Review and history of photon cross section calculations96
Estimation of the delivered patient dose in lung IMRT treatment based on deformable registration of 4D-CT data and Monte Carlo simulations95
Real-time intrafraction motion monitoring in external beam radiotherapy95
Thermal effects of radiation from cellular telephones93
An automatic method to discriminate malignant masses from normal tissue in digital mammograms193
Combining magnetic particle imaging and magnetic fluid hyperthermia in a theranostic platform92
Gauging the likelihood of stable cavitation from ultrasound contrast agents92
A plastic scintillation dosimeter for high dose rate brachytherapy92
Fast neutron yields and spectra from targets of varying atomic number bombarded with deuterons from 16 to 50 MeV (for radiobiology and radiotherapy)92
A multiobjective gradient-based dose optimization algorithm for external beam conformal radiotherapy91
The direct calculation of parametric images from dynamic PET data using maximum-likelihood iterative reconstruction91
The MLC tongue-and-groove effect on IMRT dose distributions91
A multiresolution image based approach for correction of partial volume effects in emission tomography89
Prompt gamma-ray emission from biological tissues during proton irradiation: a preliminary study89
The use of a neural network to determine tissue optical properties from spatially resolved diffuse reflectance measurements89
An accurate iterative reconstruction algorithm for sparse objects: application to 3D blood vessel reconstruction from a limited number of projections87
An anatomically realistic whole-body pregnant-woman model and specific absorption rates for pregnant-woman exposure to electromagnetic plane waves from 10 MHz to 2 GHz86
Absorption spectra variations of EBT radiochromic film from radiation exposure86
Dose distributions using kilovoltage x-rays and dose enhancement from iodine contrast agents86
Optical properties of porcine skin dermis between 900 nm and 1500 nm86
Out-of-field photon dose following removal of the flattening filter from a medical accelerator86
Development of pregnant female, hybrid voxel-mathematical models and their application to the dosimetry of applied magnetic and electric fields at 50 Hz86
Dose response explorer: an integrated open-source tool for exploring and modelling radiotherapy dose–volume outcome relationships85
RPI-AM and RPI-AF, a pair of mesh-based, size-adjustable adult male and female computational phantoms using ICRP-89 parameters and their calculations for organ doses from monoenergetic photon beams84
Automatic re-contouring in 4D radiotherapy84
Biologically effective uniform dose (D) for specification, report and comparison of dose response relations and treatment plans84
Shear modulus reconstruction in dynamic elastography: time harmonic case84
Refractive index measurement for biomaterial samples by total internal reflection84
Determination of the wavelength dependence of the differential pathlength factor from near-infrared pulse signals83
Mechanical haemolysis in shock wave lithotripsy (SWL): I. Analysis of cell deformation due to SWL flow-fields83
Automatic segmentation of the bone and extraction of the bone–cartilage interface from magnetic resonance images of the knee83
A comparison between objective and subjective image quality measurements for a full field digital mammography system83
Irradiation of intracerebral 9L gliosarcoma by a single array of microplanar x-ray beams from a synchrotron: balance between curing and sparing83
An EGS4-ready tomographic computational model of a 14-year-old female torso for calculating organ doses from CT examinations83
Motion effects in (intensity modulated) radiation therapy: a review83
VirtualDose: a software for reporting organ doses from CT for adult and pediatric patients82
A filtering approach based on Gaussian–powerlaw convolutions for local PET verification of proton radiotherapy82
Calibration of three-dimensional ultrasound images for image-guided radiation therapy82
A three-dimensional-weighted cone beam filtered backprojection (CB-FBP) algorithm for image reconstruction in volumetric CT—helical scanning82
Organ dose conversion coefficients for voxel models of the reference male and female from idealized photon exposures81
Three-dimensional image reconstruction from complete projections81
Ordered subset reconstruction for x-ray CT81
Detector development for microPET II: a 1 μl resolution PET scanner for small animal imaging81
Investigation of optical coherence tomography as an imaging modality in tissue engineering81
MAX06 and FAX06: update of two adult human phantoms for radiation protection dosimetry80
Nanoparticles as image enhancing agents for ultrasonography80
Back to the future: the history and development of the clinical linear accelerator80
Fast generation of 4D PET-MR data from real dynamic MR acquisitions79
Deriving effective atomic numbers from DECT based on a parameterization of the ratio of high and low linear attenuation coefficients79
A method of image registration for small animal, multi-modality imaging79
LOR-OSEM: statistical PET reconstruction from raw line-of-response histograms78
FDTD calculation of whole-body average SAR in adult and child models for frequencies from 30 MHz to 3 GHz78
A new magnetic resonance electrical impedance tomography (MREIT) algorithm: the RSM-MREIT algorithm with applications to estimation of human head conductivity77
Derivation of elastic stiffness from site-matched mineral density and acoustic impedance maps77
Optimization-based reconstruction of sparse images from few-view projections76
An SVM classifier to separate false signals from microcalcifications in digital mammograms76
Quantitative functional lung imaging with synchrotron radiation using inhaled xenon as contrast agent76
Finite-difference time-domain calculations of SAR in a realistic heterogeneous model of the head for plane-wave exposure from 600 MHz to 3 GHz76
The accuracy and reliability of a novel handheld dynamic indentation probe for analysing articular cartilage76
Calculation of a pencil beam kernel from measured photon beam data75
Fast reconstruction of 3D time-of-flight PET data by axial rebinning and transverse mashing74
Quantitativein vivocell-surface receptor imaging in oncology: kinetic modeling and paired-agent principles from nuclear medicine and optical imaging74
Optimization algorithms and weighting factors for analysis of dynamic PET studies73
Noise measurement from magnitude MRI using local estimates of variance and skewness72
Joint estimation of dynamic PET images and temporal basis functions using fully 4D ML-EM72
Proton therapy72
B1field homogeneity and SAR calculations for the birdcage coil72
The use of the Henyey–Greenstein phase function in Monte Carlo simulations in biomedical optics72
Directional dependence in film dosimetry: radiographic and radiochromic film72
Quantitative ultrasound imaging detects degenerative changes in articular cartilage surface and subchondral bone72
Extraction of dielectric properties of multiple populations from dielectrophoretic collection spectrum data71
Commissioning stereotactic radiosurgery beams using both experimental and theoretical methods71
Ultrasonic characterization of human trabecular bone microstructure70
Charge collection efficiency in ionization chambers exposed to electron beams with high dose per pulse70
The IPEM code of practice for electron dosimetry for radiotherapy beams of initial energy from 4 to 25 MeV based on an absorbed dose to water calibration70
FIRST: Fast Iterative Reconstruction Software for (PET) tomography70
A multiple source model for 6 MV photon beam dose calculations using Monte Carlo70
Spatial fragment distribution from a therapeutic pencil-like carbon beam in water69
Absorbed doses for internal radiotherapy from 22 beta-emitting radionuclides: beta dosimetry of small spheres69
Fitting the linear–quadratic model to detailed data sets for different dose ranges69
Response functions for computing absorbed dose to skeletal tissues from photon irradiation—an update69
Image restoration from non-uniform magnetic field influence for direct Fourier NMR imaging69
Theoretical simulation of tumour oxygenation and results from acute and chronic hypoxia69
The relationship between radiation-induced chemical processes and transverse relaxation times in polymer gel dosimeters69
Characterization of female breast lesions from multi-wavelength time-resolved optical mammography68
Maximuma posteriorireconstruction of the Patlak parametric image from sinograms in dynamic PET68
Quantitative three-dimensional elasticity imaging from quasi-static deformation: a phantom study67
Configuration of the electron transport algorithm of PENELOPE to simulate ion chambers67
Investigation of tetrakis hydroxymethyl phosphonium chloride as an antioxidant for use in x-ray computed tomography polyacrylamide gel dosimetry67
Angiogenic response of locally advanced breast cancer to neoadjuvant chemotherapy evaluated with parametric histogram from dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI67
Evaluation of a new electromagnetic tracking system using a standardized assessment protocol67
Monte Carlo dose calculations for dynamic IMRT treatments66
Distributions of positron-emitting nuclei in proton and carbon-ion therapy studied with GEANT466
Proportion-corrected scaled voxel models for Japanese children and their application to the numerical dosimetry of specific absorption rate for frequencies from 30 MHz to 3 GHz66
Site-matched assessment of structural and tissue properties of cortical bone using scanning acoustic microscopy and synchrotron radiation μCT66
Use of border information in the classification of mammographic masses66
A unifying probabilistic Bayesian approach to derive electron density from MRI for radiation therapy treatment planning66
Breast composition measurements using retrospective standard mammogram form (SMF)66
Equivalent dose and effective dose from stray radiation during passively scattered proton radiotherapy for prostate cancer65
Adapting radiotherapy to hypoxic tumours65
Iterative image reconstruction for positron emission tomography based on a detector response function estimated from point source measurements65
A physical model of multiple-image radiography65
Investigating the accuracy of the FLUKA code for transport of therapeutic ion beams in matter64
Modelling the impact of blood flow on the temperature distribution in the human eye and the orbit: fixed heat transfer coefficients versus the Pennes bioheat model versus discrete blood vessels64
IMRT delivery to a moving target by dynamic MLC tracking: delivery for targets moving in two dimensions in the beam's eye view64
DAVID—a translucent multi-wire transmission ionization chamber forin vivoverification of IMRT and conformal irradiation techniques64
Uncertainties in alanine/ESR dosimetry at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt64
On the effectiveness of ion range determination from in-beam PET data64
Rapidly recomputable EEG forward models for realistic head shapes63
The inclusion of capillary distribution in the adiabatic tissue homogeneity model of blood flow63
Whole-body voxel phantoms of paediatric patients—UF Series B63
A focused ultrasound method for simultaneous diagnostic and therapeutic applications—a simulation study63
Assessing correlations between the spatial distribution of the dose to the rectal wall and late rectal toxicity after prostate radiotherapy: an analysis of data from the MRC RT01 trial (ISRCTN 477723962
Correction of scatter in megavoltage cone-beam CT62
Investigating the temporal resolution limits of scintillation detection from pixellated elements: comparison between experiment and simulation62
Characterization of monomer/crosslinker consumption and polymer formation observed in FT-Raman spectra of irradiated polyacrylamide gels62
In vivoassessment of trabecular bone structure at the distal radius from high-resolution computed tomography images61
Modelling of post-irradiation events in polymer gel dosimeters61
A model to simulate tumour oxygenation and dynamic [18F]-Fmiso PET data61
Accuracy of deconvolution analysis based on singular value decomposition for quantification of cerebral blood flow using dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging60
The calculations of dose from external photon exposures using reference and realistic human phantoms and Monte Carlo methods60
Calculation of stopping power ratios for carbon ion dosimetry60
Image reconstruction from limited angle Compton camera data60
A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved fluorescence from depth-dependent fluorophore concentrations60
Application of commercial MOSFET detectors forin vivodosimetry in the therapeutic x-ray range from 80 kV to 250 kV59
Whole-body-averaged SAR from 50 MHz to 4 GHz in the University of Florida child voxel phantoms59
MANTIS: combined x-ray, electron and optical Monte Carlo simulations of indirect radiation imaging systems59
Evaluation of a stochastic reconstruction algorithm for use in Compton camera imaging and beam range verification from secondary gamma emission during proton therapy59
On the accuracy and effectiveness of dose reconstruction for tomotherapy59
Analysis of recoverable current from one component of magnetic flux density in MREIT and MRCDI59
Coupling between elastic strain and interstitial fluid flow: ramifications for poroelastic imaging59
Evaluation of high performance data acquisition boards for simultaneous sampling of fast signals from PET detectors58
Simulations to design an online motion compensation system for scanned particle beams58
Left ventricular motion reconstruction from planar tagged MR images: a comparison58
Comparison of conventional, model-based quantitative planar, and quantitative SPECT image processing methods for organ activity estimation using In-111 agents58
Artefacts in multi-echoT2imaging for high-precision gel dosimetry: III. Effects of temperature drift during scanning58
Model-based compensation for quantitative123I brain SPECT imaging58
Measurement of charged particle yields from PMMA irradiated by a 220 MeV/u12Cbeam57
Computer-assisted selection of coplanar beam orientations in intensity-modulated radiation therapy*57
Classification of movement intention by spatially filtered electromagnetic inverse solutions57
A spectral approach to ultrasonic scattering from human tissue: methods, objectives and backscattering measurements57
Tumour oxygen dynamics measured simultaneously by near-infrared spectroscopy and19F magnetic resonance imaging in rats57
Characterization of the electromagnetic near-field absorption in layered biological tissue in the frequency range from 30 MHz to 6000 MHz57
Optimization-based image reconstruction from sparse-view data in offset-detector CBCT57
A practical approach to eliminate autocorrelation artefacts for volume-rate spectral domain optical coherence tomography57
Influence of CT contrast agents on dose calculations in a 3D treatment planning system56
Refractive index of carcinogen-induced rat mammary tumours56
Quantifying the effect of respiratory motion on lung tumour dosimetry with the aid of a breathing phantom with deforming lungs56
Local frequency dependence in transcranial ultrasound transmission56
Derivation of the tumor position from external respiratory surrogates with periodical updating of the internal/external correlation56
On dose distribution comparison56
Nuclear medicine dosimetry56
Severity assessment of COVID-19 using CT image features and laboratory indices55
Derivation of linear attenuation coefficients from CT numbers for low-energy photons55
An automated segmentation method for three-dimensional carotid ultrasound images55
Focusing optics of a parallel beam CCD optical tomography apparatus for 3D radiation gel dosimetry55
Inference of hysteretic respiratory tumor motion from external surrogates: a state augmentation approach55
On light sharing TOF-PET modules with depth of interaction and 157 ps FWHM coincidence time resolution55
Effect of optical property estimation accuracy on tomographic bioluminescence imaging: simulation of a combined optical–PET (OPET) system55
Specific absorbed fractions from the image-based VIP-Man body model and EGS4-VLSI Monte Carlo code: internal electron emitters55
Subharmonic generation from ultrasonic contrast agents55
Optimization of intensity modulated radiotherapy under constraints for static and dynamic MLC delivery55
Experimental validation of a simple model capable of predicting the phase contrast imaging capabilities of any x-ray imaging system55
Electron contamination from different materials in high energy photon beams54
Aspects of laser light scattering from skin tissue with application to laser Doppler blood flow measurement54
Changes in dielectric properties ofex vivobovine liver at 915 MHz during heating54
Measurement of the dielectric properties of the epidermis and dermis at frequencies from 0.5 GHz to 110 GHz54
Acoustic scattering from a contrast agent microbubble near an elastic wall of finite thickness53
Generalized head models for MEG/EEG: boundary element method beyond nested volumes53
Wobbled splatting—a fast perspective volume rendering method for simulation of x-ray images from CT53
A survey of computational frameworks for solving the acoustic inverse problem in three-dimensional photoacoustic computed tomography53
SAR variation study from 300 to 5000 MHz for 15 voxel models including different postures53
Narrow stereotactic beam profile measurements usingN-vinylpyrrolidone based polymer gels and magnetic resonance imaging53
Evaluation of texture parameters for the quantitative description of multimodal nonlinear optical images from atherosclerotic rabbit arteries52
Texture analysis of speckle in optical coherence tomography images of tissue phantoms52
Clinical comparison of head and neck and prostate IMRT plans using absorbed dose to medium and absorbed dose to water52
How spectroscopic x-ray imaging benefits from inter-pixel communication52
In vivomicro-CT lung imaging via a computer-controlled intermittent iso-pressure breath hold (IIBH) technique52
Radiation-induced second primary cancer risks from modern external beam radiotherapy for early prostate cancer: impact of stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR), volumetric modulated arc therapy (V52
Collimator scatter and 2D dosimetry in small proton beams52
Validation of a personalized dosimetric evaluation tool (Oedipe) for targeted radiotherapy based on the Monte Carlo MCNPX code52
Neutron production from beam-modifying devices in a modern double scattering proton therapy beam delivery system51
Brachytherapy technology and physics practice since 1950: a half-century of progress51
In vivo dielectric properties of human skin from 50 MHz to 2.0 GHz51
Fluorescence molecular tomography in the presence of background fluorescence51
Predicting standard-dose PET image from low-dose PET and multimodal MR images using mapping-based sparse representation51
Comparative behaviour of the Dynamically Penalized Likelihood algorithm in inverse radiation therapy planning51
Ultrasonic backscattering from human tissue: a realistic model50
First macro Monte Carlo based commercial dose calculation module for electron beam treatment planning—new issues for clinical consideration50
Exact quantification of time signals in Padé-based magnetic resonance spectroscopy50
Kinetic parameter estimation from SPECT cone-beam projection measurements50
Mechanical haemolysis in shock wave lithotripsy (SWL): II.In vitrocell lysis due to shear50
Application of dose compensation in image-guided radiotherapy of prostate cancer50
Generating positive contrast from off-resonant spins with steady-state free precession magnetic resonance imaging: theory and proof-of-principle experiments50
Simulation study on potential accuracy gains from dual energy CT tissue segmentation for low-energy brachytherapy Monte Carlo dose calculations50
Spatial reconstruction of coronary arteries from angiographic images50
Automated counting of mammalian cell colonies50
Monte Carlo calculations for absolute dosimetry to determine machine outputs for proton therapy fields50
Multi-dimensional respiratory motion tracking from markerless optical surface imaging based on deformable mesh registration50
Estimating cancer risk from dental cone-beam CT exposures based on skin dosimetry49
Automated bone segmentation from large field of view 3D MR images of the hip joint49
Absorbed dose from secondary electrons in high energy photon beams49
Spatial localization in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy49
Monte Carlo investigation of the low-dose envelope from scanned proton pencil beams49
Neutrons from fragmentation of light nuclei in tissue-like media: a study with the GEANT4 toolkit49
MR guided focused ultrasound: technical acceptance measures for a clinical system49
Measurement of characteristic prompt gamma rays emitted from oxygen and carbon in tissue-equivalent samples during proton beam irradiation49
Polyethylene-based water-equivalent phantom material for X-ray dosimetry at tube voltages from 10 to 100 kV49
An RF phased array applicator designed for hyperthermia breast cancer treatments49
The modified linear-quadratic model of Guerrero and Li can be derived from a mechanistic basis and exhibits linear-quadratic-linear behaviour48
Accuracy of device-specific 2D and 3D image distortion correction algorithms for magnetic resonance imaging of the head provided by a manufacturer48
Estimation of electrical conductivity distribution within the human head from magnetic flux density measurement48
Investigation of MR image distortion for radiotherapy treatment planning of prostate cancer48
Comparison of DVH data from multiple radiotherapy treatment planning systems48
A theoretical investigation into the role of tumour radiosensitivity, clonogen repopulation, tumour shrinkage and radionuclide RBE in permanent brachytherapy implants of125I and10348
Liver ablation guidance with acoustic radiation force impulse imaging: challenges and opportunities48
Comparison of blood flow models and acquisitions for quantitative myocardial perfusion estimation from dynamic CT47
Automatic online adaptive radiation therapy techniques for targets with significant shape change: a feasibility study47
Tolerance levels for quality assurance of electron density values generated from CT in radiotherapy treatment planning47
Analysis ofB1field profiles and SAR values for multi-strut transverse electromagnetic RF coils in high field MRI applications47
Positron follow-up in liquid water: I. A new Monte Carlo track-structure code47
The artefacts of radiochromic film dosimetry with flatbed scanners and their causation by light scattering from radiation-induced polymers47
Feasibility of automatic marker detection with an a-Si flat-panel imager47
Effects of geometry discretization aspects on the numerical solution of the bioheat transfer equation with the FDTD technique46
Generalization of a model of tissue response to radiation based on the idea of functional subunits and binomial statistics46
Derivative-free generation and interpolation of convex Pareto optimal IMRT plans46
Design of field-cycled magnetic resonance systems for small animal imaging46
The impact of uncertainties in the CT conversion algorithm when predicting proton beam ranges in patients from dose and PET-activity distributions46
The effect of increase in dielectric values on specific absorption rate (SAR) in eye and head tissues following 900, 1800 and 2450 MHz radio frequency (RF) exposure46
An assessment of bone marrow and bone endosteum dosimetry methods for photon sources46
Compact soft x-ray transmission microscopy with sub-50 nm spatial resolution46
Frequency-dependent complex modulus of the uterus: preliminary results46
The correlation between mass-averaged SAR and temperature elevation in the human head model exposed to RF near-fields from 1 to 6 GHz45
A study on the computerized fractal analysis of architectural distortion in screening mammograms45
Fully 4D motion-compensated reconstruction of cardiac SPECT images45
Monte Carlo simulation of dose distributions from a synchrotron-produced microplanar beam array using the EGS4 code system445
Temperature of the magnetic nanoparticle microenvironment: estimation from relaxation times45
Measurement of ion diffusion using magnetic resonance electrical impedance tomography45
Fluence-to-dose conversion coefficients from monoenergetic neutrons below 20 MeV based on the VIP-Man anatomical model45
Comparison of modelled and observedin vivotemperature elevations induced by focused ultrasound: implications for treatment planning45
The early years of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT): an anthology of selected reminiscences45
Dose variations with varying calculation grid size in head and neck IMRT44
Precise measurement of cerebral blood flow in newborn piglets from the bolus passage of indocyanine green44
The IPEMB code of practice for electron dosimetry for radiotherapy beams of initial energy from 2 to 50 MeV based on an air kerma calibration44
In vivoinvestigation of a new109Cd γ-ray induced K-XRF bone lead measurement system44
A combination-weighted Feldkamp-based reconstruction algorithm for cone-beam CT44
Design study of a high-resolution breast-dedicated PET system built from cadmium zinc telluride detectors44
Dosimetric impact of a CT metal artefact suppression algorithm for proton, electron and photon therapies44
Tilted angle CZT detector for photon counting/energy weighting x-ray and CT imaging44
A hyperspectral fluorescence system for 3Din vivooptical imaging44
Photothermal coagulation of blood vessels: a comparison of high-speed optical coherence tomography and numerical modelling43
A search model and figure of merit for observer data acquired according to the free-response paradigm43
Patient doses from fluoroscopically guided cardiac procedures in pediatrics43
Towards patient specific thermal modelling of the prostate43
Ion recombination correction in the Clatterbridge Centre of Oncology clinical proton beam43
A ferrous sulphate dosemeter independent of photon energy in the range from 25 keV up to 50 MeV43
A scattering phase function for blood with physiological haematocrit43
Development of radiobiology for oncology—a personal view43
Reconstruction of high-resolution 3D dose from matrix measurements: error detection capability of the COMPASS correction kernel method42
Time-resolved cardiac interventional cone-beam CT reconstruction from fully truncated projections using the prior image constrained compressed sensing (PICCS) algorithm42
Comparison of the IAEA TRS-398 and AAPM TG-51 absorbed dose to water protocols in the dosimetry of high-energy photon and electron beams42
A wide dynamic range, high-spatial-resolution scanning system for radiochromic dye films42
An experimental investigation into the radiation field offset of a dynamic multileaf collimator42
Validation of a method for measuring the volumetric breast density from digital mammograms42
Viscoelastic characterization of soft tissue from dynamic finite element models42
Regional hyperthermia applicator design using FDTD modelling42
Hybrid scatter correction applied to quantitative holmium-166 SPECT42
Studies of the cavitational effects of clinical ultrasound by sonoluminescence: 2. Thresholds for sonoluminescence from a therapeutic ultrasound beam and the effect of temperature and duty cycle42
Three-dimensional reconstruction from cone-beam data in O(N3logN) time42
An optimization method for importance factors and beam weights based on genetic algorithms for radiotherapy treatment planning42
Rapid dual-tracer PTSM+ATSM PET imaging of tumour blood flow and hypoxia: a simulation study42
Wide dynamic dose range of VIPAR polymer gel dosimetry41
Dose enhancement effects to the nucleus and mitochondria from gold nanoparticles in the cytosol41
Rapid dual-injection single-scan13N-ammonia PET for quantification of rest and stress myocardial blood flows41
Multi-objective radiomics model for predicting distant failure in lung SBRT41
Diffuse photon propagation in multilayered geometries41
Image reconstruction40
Relationship between cavitation and loss of echogenicity from ultrasound contrast agents40
Obtaining breathing patterns from any sequential thoracic x-ray image set40
A fast algorithm to find optimal controls of multiantenna applicators in regional hyperthermia40
Generation and modelling of megavoltage photon beams for contrast-enhanced radiation therapy40
Accuracy of inhomogeneity correction in photon radiotherapy from CT scans with different settings40
Exposure of Man to Ionizing Radiation arising from Medical Procedures40
Dose–volume objectives in multi-criteria optimization40
Energy imparted to the patient in diagnostic radiology: calculation of conversion factors for determining the energy imparted from measurements of the air collision kerma integrated over beam area40
Projection-based motion compensation for gated coronary artery reconstruction from rotational x-ray angiograms40
HeinzelCluster: accelerated reconstruction for FORE and OSEM3D40
Simultaneous reconstruction of emission activity and attenuation coefficient distribution from TOF data, acquired with external transmission source39
Dose and energy dependence of response of Gafchromic® XR-QA film for kilovoltage x-ray beams39
Effects of temporal modelling on the statistical uncertainty of spatiotemporal distributions estimated directly from dynamic SPECT projections39
A Formalism for Calculation of Absorbed Dose from Radionuclides39
Dual-energy mammography: simulation studies39
Fluid infusions from catheters into elastic tissue: I. Azimuthally symmetric backflow in homogeneous media39
Evaluation of the minimum iodine concentration for contrast-enhanced subtraction mammography39
Determination of the optical properties of semi-infinite turbid media from frequency-domain reflectance close to the source38
Experimental investigations of the response of films to heavy-ion irradiation38
Calculation of induced current densities for humans by magnetic fields from electronic article surveillance devices38
Personalized estimates of radiation dose from dedicated breast CT in a diagnostic population and comparison with diagnostic mammography38
Towards a metamaterial approach for fast timing in PET: experimental proof-of-concept38
Analysis of factors important for transurethral ultrasound prostate heating using MR temperature feedback38
Extracting respiratory signals from thoracic cone beam CT projections38
The value of the LA48 linear ion chamber array for characterization of intensity-modulated beams38
In vivomagnetic resonance spectroscopy by the fast Padé transform38
Effects of crosslinker fraction in polymer gel dosimeters using FT Raman spectroscopy37
Efficient schemes for robust IMRT treatment planning37
Data-driven event-by-event respiratory motion correction using TOF PET list-mode centroid of distribution37
Anin vitrostudy of magnetic particle targeting in small blood vessels37
A comparison of mammography spectral measurements with spectra produced using several different mathematical models37
Exponential convergence rate (the spectral convergence) of the fast Padé transform for exact quantification in magnetic resonance spectroscopy37
The Physical Measurements of Electron Beams from 6 to 18 Mev: Absorbed Dose and Energy Calibration37
Monte Carlo based treatment planning for modulated electron beam radiation therapy36
Magnetic resonance microscopy for monitoring osteogenesis in tissue-engineered constructin vitro36
Charged particle’s flux measurement from PMMA irradiated by 80 MeV/u carbon ion beam36
Ultrasonic characterization of cancellous bone using apparent integrated backscatter36
Investigation of Light Distribution from Scintillations in a Gamma Camera Crystal36
4D maximuma posteriorireconstruction in dynamic SPECT using a compartmental model-based prior36
Characterization of megavoltage electron beams delivered through a photon multi-leaf collimator (pMLC)36
Time constants for temperature elevation in human models exposed to dipole antennas and beams in the frequency range from 1 to 30 GHz36
Biological dose calculation with Monte Carlo physics simulation for heavy-ion radiotherapy36
Angular distribution and yield from bremsstrahlung targets (for radiation therapy)36
Melanin and blood concentration in human skin studied by multiple regression analysis: experiments36
In vitrocharacterization of the subharmonic ultrasound signal from Definity microbubbles at high frequencies36
The Absorption of Cobalt from the Gastro-intestinal Tract of the Rat35
A method of simulating dynamic multileaf collimators using Monte Carlo techniques for intensity-modulated radiation therapy35
Simultaneous MEG and EEG source analysis35
PET energy-based scatter estimation and image reconstruction with energy-dependent corrections35
Carotid artery wall motion analysis from B-mode ultrasound using adaptive block matching:in silicoevaluation andin vivoapplication35
Functional imaging of tumor vasculature using iodine and gadolinium-based nanoparticle contrast agents: a comparison of spectral micro-CT using energy integrating and photon counting detectors35
A novel EPID design for enhanced contrast and detective quantum efficiency35
Introduction to neutron stimulated emission computed tomography35
Fast, multiple optimizations of quadratic dose objective functions in IMRT35
Dielectric properties of human B and T lymphocytes at frequencies from 20 kHz to 100 MHz35
Melanin and blood concentration in a human skin model studied by multiple regression analysis: assessment by Monte Carlo simulation35
Experimental determination of beam quality factors,kQ, for two types of Farmer chamber in a 10 MV photon and a 175 MeV proton beam35
Investigation of patient, tumour and treatment variables affecting residual motion for respiratory-gated radiotherapy35
Small nodule detectability evaluation using a generalized scan-statistic model35