Physics in Medicine and Biology

(The TQCC of Physics in Medicine and Biology is 6. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 250 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2020-06-01 to 2024-06-01.)
Large-scale screening to distinguish between COVID-19 and community-acquired pneumonia using infection size-aware classification197
Physics and biology of ultrahigh dose-rate (FLASH) radiotherapy: a topical review140
The silicon photomultiplier: fundamentals and applications of a modern solid-state photon detector122
Photon-counting x-ray detectors for CT117
Harmonization strategies for multicenter radiomics investigations98
Advanced Monte Carlo simulations of emission tomography imaging systems with GATE88
Another decade of photoacoustic imaging79
Tissue mimicking materials for imaging and therapy phantoms: a review75
Roadmap: proton therapy physics and biology74
Physics and technology of time-of-flight PET detectors74
Severity assessment of COVID-19 using CT image features and laboratory indices67
Super-resolution ultrasound localization microscopy based on a high frame-rate clinical ultrasound scanner: an in-human feasibility study63
Interpretation and visualization techniques for deep learning models in medical imaging61
Full field-of-view, high-resolution, photon-counting detector CT: technical assessment and initial patient experience61
Pushing Cherenkov PET with BGO via coincidence time resolution classification and correction59
Simulating NEMA characteristics of the modular total-body J-PET scanner—an economic total-body PET from plastic scintillators51
Small animal PET: a review of what we have done and where we are going48
4D deep image prior: dynamic PET image denoising using an unsupervised four-dimensional branch convolutional neural network47
Evaluation of CBCT scatter correction using deep convolutional neural networks for head and neck adaptive proton therapy47
Human exposure to radiofrequency energy above 6 GHz: review of computational dosimetry studies45
CTformer: convolution-free Token2Token dilated vision transformer for low-dose CT denoising43
Multi-level multi-modality (PET and CT) fusion radiomics: prognostic modeling for non-small cell lung carcinoma43
Adaptive proton therapy43
A physics-guided modular deep-learning based automated framework for tumor segmentation in PET43
Characterization of a preclinical PET insert in a 7 tesla MRI scanner: beyond NEMA testing39
Quantitative PET in the 2020s: a roadmap37
The impact of training sample size on deep learning-based organ auto-segmentation for head-and-neck patients37
Measurement and image-based estimation of dielectric properties of biological tissues —past, present, and future—36
Modeling the effect of oxygen on the chemical stage of water radiolysis using GPU-based microscopic Monte Carlo simulations, with an application in FLASH radiotherapy36
Design and performance of SIAT aPET: a uniform high-resolution small animal PET scanner using dual-ended readout detectors36
Anatomy-aided deep learning for medical image segmentation: a review35
Elastography imaging: the 30 year perspective35
Automatic detection and segmentation of multiple brain metastases on magnetic resonance image using asymmetric UNet architecture34
Roadmap: helium ion therapy34
Self-channel-and-spatial-attention neural network for automated multi-organ segmentation on head and neck CT images33
Motion estimation and correction in SPECT, PET and CT33
Reference dosimetry in MRI-linacs: evaluation of available protocols and data to establish a Code of Practice32
A vision transformer for emphysema classification using CT images32
FBP-Net for direct reconstruction of dynamic PET images32
Deep learning for improving the spatial resolution of magnetic particle imaging31
A review of advances in imaging methodology in fluorescence molecular tomography31
Al2O3:C optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLDs) for ultra-high dose rate proton dosimetry31
Assessment of absorbed power density and temperature rise for nonplanar body model under electromagnetic exposure above 6 GHz31
Prediction of the Ki-67 marker index in hepatocellular carcinoma based on CT radiomics features30
Attenuation correction for human PET/MRI studies30
A dual-domain deep learning-based reconstruction method for fully 3D sparse data helical CT30
Vacuum ultraviolet silicon photomultipliers applied to BaF2 cross-luminescence detection for high-rate ultrafast timing applications30
Intensity non-uniformity correction in MR imaging using residual cycle generative adversarial network30
Head-and-neck organs-at-risk auto-delineation using dual pyramid networks for CBCT-guided adaptive radiotherapy30
Low-dose spectral CT reconstruction based on image-gradient L0-norm and adaptive spectral PICCS29
OpenFL: the open federated learning library29
2D medical image synthesis using transformer-based denoising diffusion probabilistic model29
Comparison of weekly and daily online adaptation for head and neck intensity-modulated proton therapy29
Neural networks-based regularization for large-scale medical image reconstruction29
Advances in heterostructured scintillators: toward a new generation of detectors for TOF-PET29
Microdosimetry of a therapeutic proton beam with a mini-TEPC and a MicroPlus-Bridge detector for RBE assessment28
Characterization of noise and background signals in a magnetic particle imaging system28
Pancreas segmentation with probabilistic map guided bi-directional recurrent UNet28
Deep learning-based medical image segmentation with limited labels27
3D Compton image reconstruction method for whole gamma imaging27
Development of a new microdosimetric biological weighting function for the RBE10 assessment in case of the V79 cell line exposed to ions from 1H to 238U27
Synthetic CT generation from CBCT images via unsupervised deep learning27
A comparison of methods for fully automatic segmentation of tumors and involved nodes in PET/CT of head and neck cancers26
Deep learning-based real-time volumetric imaging for lung stereotactic body radiation therapy: a proof of concept study26
Diffusion MRI tractography for neurosurgery: the basics, current state, technical reliability and challenges26
Towards a safe and efficient clinical implementation of machine learning in radiation oncology by exploring model interpretability, explainability and data-model dependency25
Prediction of breast cancer molecular subtypes using DCE-MRI based on CNNs combined with ensemble learning25
Multi-task autoencoder based classification-regression model for patient-specific VMAT QA25
DAN-Net: Dual-domain adaptive-scaling non-local network for CT metal artifact reduction25
Towards label-efficient automatic diagnosis and analysis: a comprehensive survey of advanced deep learning-based weakly-supervised, semi-supervised and self-supervised techniques in histopathological 24
Assessing cardiac stiffness using ultrasound shear wave elastography24
Quantitative accuracy in total-body imaging using the uEXPLORER PET/CT scanner24
Automatic segmentation of brain metastases using T1 magnetic resonance and computed tomography images24
The OpenGATE ecosystem for Monte Carlo simulation in medical physics24
A neural network-based algorithm for simultaneous event positioning and timestamping in monolithic scintillators24
Determining the parameter space for effective oxygen depletion for FLASH radiation therapy24
Considerations for shoot-through FLASH proton therapy24
HEDOS—a computational tool to assess radiation dose to circulating blood cells during external beam radiotherapy based on whole-body blood flow simulations23
A roadmap for sole Cherenkov radiators with SiPMs in TOF-PET23
Comparison of the suitability of CBCT- and MR-based synthetic CTs for daily adaptive proton therapy in head and neck patients23
A comparison of Monte Carlo dropout and bootstrap aggregation on the performance and uncertainty estimation in radiation therapy dose prediction with deep learning neural networks23
Review on biophysical modelling and simulation studies for transcranial magnetic stimulation23
Scalable electronic readout design for a 100 ps coincidence time resolution TOF-PET system23
Design of a head coil for high resolution mouse brain perfusion imaging using magnetic particle imaging23
A heterogenous, time harmonic, nearly incompressible transverse isotropic finite element brain simulation platform for MR elastography23
Data-driven dose calculation algorithm based on deep U-Net22
Iterative material decomposition for spectral CT using self-supervised Noise2Noise prior22
An unsupervised deep learning method for multi-coil cine MRI22
DeepMC: a deep learning method for efficient Monte Carlo beamlet dose calculation by predictive denoising in magnetic resonance-guided radiotherapy22
Noise2Void: unsupervised denoising of PET images22
Dark-field signal extraction in propagation-based phase-contrast imaging22
Effect of dataset size, image quality, and image type on deep learning-based automatic prostate segmentation in 3D ultrasound22
Recent advances in psychoradiology22
Dual-energy CT imaging with limited-angular-range data22
First experimental exploration of real-time cardiorespiratory motion management for future stereotactic arrhythmia radioablation treatments on the MR-linac21
Proton therapy monitoring: spatiotemporal emission reconstruction with prompt gamma timing and implementation with PET detectors21
Dual-energy CT based mass density and relative stopping power estimation for proton therapy using physics-informed deep learning21
Low-dose PET image noise reduction using deep learning: application to cardiac viability FDG imaging in patients with ischemic heart disease21
Deep learning fetal ultrasound video model match human observers in biometric measurements21
Proof-of-concept delivery of intensity modulated arc therapy on the Elekta Unity 1.5 T MR-linac21
Unsupervised contrastive learning based transformer for lung nodule detection21
Artificial neural networks for positioning of gamma interactions in monolithic PET detectors20
DeepDose: a robust deep learning-based dose engine for abdominal tumours in a 1.5 T MRI radiotherapy system20
Computer-aided diagnosis of ground glass pulmonary nodule by fusing deep learning and radiomics features20
Robust treatment planning with 4D intensity modulated carbon ion therapy for multiple targets in stage IV non-small cell lung cancer20
Towards real-time 4D radiation dosimetry on an MRI-Linac20
Synthetic dual-energy CT for MRI-only based proton therapy treatment planning using label-GAN20
Performance comparison of dual-ended readout depth-encoding PET detectors based on BGO and LYSO crystals20
Active contour regularized semi-supervised learning for COVID-19 CT infection segmentation with limited annotations20
Fast super-resolution ultrasound microvessel imaging using spatiotemporal data with deep fully convolutional neural network20
Metal artifact reduction in 2D CT images with self-supervised cross-domain learning20
Comparison of deep learning synthesis of synthetic CTs using clinical MRI inputs20
SDDRO-joint: simultaneous dose and dose rate optimization with the joint use of transmission beams and Bragg peaks for FLASH proton therapy19
A GPU-accelerated fully 3D OSEM image reconstruction for a high-resolution small animal PET scanner using dual-ended readout detectors19
GroupRegNet: a groupwise one-shot deep learning-based 4D image registration method19
UNet retinal blood vessel segmentation algorithm based on improved pyramid pooling method and attention mechanism19
High-resolution monolithic LYSO detector with 6-layer depth-of-interaction for clinical PET19
Fast robust optimization of proton PBS arc therapy plans using early energy layer selection and spot assignment19
Verification of KURBUC-based ion track structure mode for proton and carbon ions in the PHITS code19
Evaluation of conventional and deep learning based image harmonization methods in radiomics studies19
Comparison of 11 automated PET segmentation methods in lymphoma19
A review of simulation codes and approaches for radiation chemistry19
Acousto-elasticity of transversely isotropic incompressible soft tissues: characterization of skeletal striated muscle19
Response of diamond detectors in ultra-high dose-per-pulse electron beams for dosimetry at FLASH radiotherapy19
Source-detector trajectory optimization in cone-beam computed tomography: a comprehensive review on today’s state-of-the-art19
Effect of microdistribution of alpha and beta-emitters in targeted radionuclide therapies on delivered absorbed dose in a GATE model of bone marrow18
Proton RBE models: commonalities and differences18
Advances in modelling gold nanoparticle radiosensitization using new Geant4-DNA physics models18
Characterizing blood clots using acoustic radiation force optical coherence elastography and ultrasound shear wave elastography18
Measuring anisotropy of elastic wave velocity with ultrasound imaging and an autofocus method: application to cortical bone18
Technical feasibility of magnetic resonance fingerprinting on a 1.5T MRI-linac17
Simultaneous imaging of widely differing particle concentrations in MPI: problem statement and algorithmic proposal for improvement17
Assessing the advantages of CFR-PEEK over titanium spinal stabilization implants in proton therapy—a phantom study17
Experimental validation of daily adaptive proton therapy17
TOPAS-nBio validation for simulating water radiolysis and DNA damage under low-LET irradiation17
High-frame-rate volume imaging using sparse-random-aperture compounding17
Effects of frequency on bubble-cloud behavior and ablation efficiency in intrinsic threshold histotripsy17
A study of scalar optically-pumped magnetometers for use in magnetoencephalography without shielding17
An unsupervised learning approach to ultrasound strain elastography with spatio-temporal consistency17
Individual pulse monitoring and dose control system for pre-clinical implementation of FLASH-RT17
Ultra-fast prompt gamma detection in single proton counting regime for range monitoring in particle therapy17
Towards automated ultrasound imaging—robotic image acquisition in liver and prostate for long-term motion monitoring17
High-resolution time-of-flight PET detector with 100 ps coincidence time resolution using a side-coupled phoswich configuration17
MD-NDNet: a multi-dimensional convolutional neural network for false-positive reduction in pulmonary nodule detection17
Millisecond speed deep learning based proton dose calculation with Monte Carlo accuracy16
RegQCNET: Deep quality control for image-to-template brain MRI affine registration16
Monte Carlo implementation of new algorithms for the evaluation of averaged-dose and -track linear energy transfers in 62 MeV clinical proton beams16
Automated detection of skeletal metastasis of lung cancer with bone scans using convolutional nuclear network16
Normalization of multicenter CT radiomics by a generative adversarial network method16
Offline and online LSTM networks for respiratory motion prediction in MR-guided radiotherapy16
Generative models improve radiomics reproducibility in low dose CTs: a simulation study16
Populational and individual information based PET image denoising using conditional unsupervised learning16
Imaging and dosimetric characteristics of 67 Cu16
DOI estimation through signal arrival time distribution: a theoretical description including proof of concept measurements16
Subregional radiomics analysis for the detection of the EGFR mutation on thoracic spinal metastases from lung cancer16
PET image reconstruction with deep progressive learning16
Patient’s body composition can significantly affect RF power deposition in the tissue around DBS implants: ramifications for lead management strategies and MRI field-shaping techniques16
Deep learning-based inverse mapping for fluence map prediction16
Integrating intratumoral and peritumoral features to predict tumor recurrence in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma16
Deep multimodal learning for lymph node metastasis prediction of primary thyroid cancer16
Generative adversarial network-based sinogram super-resolution for computed tomography imaging16
3D printing methods for radiological anthropomorphic phantoms16
Male pelvic multi-organ segmentation using token-based transformer Vnet16
Enhancing digital tomosynthesis (DTS) for lung radiotherapy guidance using patient-specific deep learning model16
Real-time liver tumor localization via a single x-ray projection using deep graph neural network-assisted biomechanical modeling16
Dedicated convolutional neural network for noise reduction in ultra-high-resolution photon-counting detector computed tomography16
H-SegNet: hybrid segmentation network for lung segmentation in chest radiographs using mask region-based convolutional neural network and adaptive closed polyline searching method16
Magnetic separation of iron oxide nanoparticles to improve their application for magnetic particle imaging15
Spatial descriptions of radiotherapy dose: normal tissue complication models and statistical associations15
The Mayo Clinic Florida microdosimetric kinetic model of clonogenic survival: formalism and first benchmark against in vitro and in silico data15
A digital phoswich detector using time-over-threshold for depth of interaction in PET15
Improving mammography lesion classification by optimal fusion of handcrafted and deep transfer learning features15
A hierarchical deep reinforcement learning framework for intelligent automatic treatment planning of prostate cancer intensity modulated radiation therapy15
Ultrahigh dose-rate (FLASH) x-ray irradiator for pre-clinical laboratory research15
Consistent and invertible deformation vector fields for a breathing anthropomorphic phantom: a post-processing framework for the XCAT phantom15
Lead-free MCP to improve coincidence time resolution and reduce MCP direct interactions15
Rapid rotational magneto-acousto-electrical tomography with filtered back-projection algorithm based on plane waves15
Comparative study of the methodologies used for subjective medical image quality assessment15
Gradient coil and radiofrequency induced heating of orthopaedic implants in MRI: influencing factors15
Porcine lung phantom-based validation of estimated 4D-MRI using orthogonal cine imaging for low-field MR-Linacs15
Iterative time-reversal for multi-frequency hyperthermia15
Development of crosshair light sharing PET detector with TOF and DOI capabilities using fast LGSO scintillator15
Iterative metal artifact reduction on a clinical photon counting system—technical possibilities and reconstruction selection for optimal results dependent on the metal scenario15
Modeling of cellular response after FLASH irradiation: a quantitative analysis based on the radiolytic oxygen depletion hypothesis14
Computational modelling of modern cancer immunotherapy14
Alanine dosimetry in strong magnetic fields: use as a transfer standard in MRI-guided radiotherapy14
Performance evaluation of the PennPET explorer with expanded axial coverage14
A personalized deep learning denoising strategy for low-count PET images14
Microwave thermoacoustic tomographic (MTT) imaging14
Anisotropic diffusion of Fe ions in Fricke-XO-Pluronic F-127 and Fricke-XO-gelatine 3D radiotherapy dosimeters14
CoT-XNet: contextual transformer with Xception network for diabetic retinopathy grading14
Prospectively-validated deep learning model for segmenting swallowing and chewing structures in CT14
A dynamic blood flow model to compute absorbed dose to circulating blood and lymphocytes in liver external beam radiotherapy14
A Bayesian approach to tissue-fraction estimation for oncological PET segmentation14
Theoretical aspects on the use of single-time-point dosimetry for radionuclide therapy14
Deep learning method for reducing metal artifacts in dental cone-beam CT using supplementary information from intra-oral scan14
MRI super-resolution via realistic downsampling with adversarial learning14
A comparative study of trabecular bone micro-structural measurements using different CT modalities14
Computational model for detector timing effects in Compton-camera based prompt-gamma imaging for proton radiotherapy14
Deformable motion compensation for interventional cone-beam CT14
EFNet: evidence fusion network for tumor segmentation from PET-CT volumes14
Physical characterization of 3He ion beams for radiotherapy and comparison with 4He14
Validation of a deep learning-based material estimation model for Monte Carlo dose calculation in proton therapy14
Monte Carlo calculation of beam quality correction factors in proton beams using FLUKA14
A time-of-flight-based reconstruction for real-time prompt-gamma imaging in proton therapy14
H2RSPET: a 0.5 mm resolution high-sensitivity small-animal PET scanner, a simulation study14
Multimodal guided wave inversion for arterial stiffness: methodology and validation in phantoms14
Fat and fibrosis as confounding cofactors in viscoelastic measurements of the liver14
An unsupervised 2D–3D deformable registration network (2D3D-RegNet) for cone-beam CT estimation14
Training low dose CT denoising network without high quality reference data14
U-net architecture with embedded Inception-ResNet-v2 image encoding modules for automatic segmentation of organs-at-risk in head and neck cancer radiation therapy based on computed tomography scans14
Improving depth-of-interaction resolution in pixellated PET detectors using neural networks14
Out-of-field doses for scanning proton radiotherapy of shallowly located paediatric tumours—a comparison of range shifter and 3D printed compensator14
Inter-crystal scattering recovery of light-sharing PET detectors using convolutional neural networks13
An approach for estimating dosimetric uncertainties in deformable dose accumulation in pencil beam scanning proton therapy for lung cancer13
Pulse-echo speed-of-sound imaging using convex probes13
Effect of skin conductivity on the electric field induced by transcranial stimulation techniques in different head models13
Animal tissue-based quantitative comparison of dual-energy CT to SPR conversion methods using high-resolution gel dosimetry13
Segmentation and classification of thyroid follicular neoplasm using cascaded convolutional neural network13
Deep learning-based image reconstruction for TOF PET with DIRECT data partitioning format13
Inclusion of quasi-vertex views in a brain-dedicated multi-pinhole SPECT system for improved imaging performance13
Performance evaluation of a staggered three-layer DOI PET detector using a 1 mm LYSO pitch with PETsys TOFPET2 ASIC: comparison of HAMAMATSU and KETEK SiPMs13
On the robustness of deep learning-based lung-nodule classification for CT images with respect to image noise13
Noninvasive estimation of local speed of sound by pulse-echo ultrasound in a rat model of nonalcoholic fatty liver13
Relative stopping power measurements and prosthesis artifacts reduction in proton CT13
A novel proton counting detector and method for the validation of tissue and implant material maps for Monte Carlo dose calculation13
Characterization of magnetic interference and image artefacts during simultaneous in-beam MR imaging and proton pencil beam scanning13
Deep learning of mammary gland distribution for architectural distortion detection in digital breast tomosynthesis13
Generalized deep iterative reconstruction for sparse-view CT imaging13
Long-length tomosynthesis and 3D-2D registration for intraoperative assessment of spine instrumentation13
Fibro-CoSANet: pulmonary fibrosis prognosis prediction using a convolutional self attention network13
Modeling complex particles phase space with GAN for Monte Carlo SPECT simulations: a proof of concept13
Proton FLASH: passive scattering or pencil beam scanning?13
A novel procedure for determining the optimal MLC configuration parameters in treatment planning systems based on measurements with a Farmer chamber13
Polaroid-PET: a PET scanner with detectors fitted with Polaroid for filtering unpolarized optical photons—a Monte Carlo simulation study13
Deep residual-convolutional neural networks for event positioning in a monolithic annular PET scanner12
Validation of a 4D-MRI guided liver stereotactic body radiation therapy strategy for implementation on the MR-linac12
Physical performance of adaptive axial FOV PET scanners with a sparse detector block rings or a checkerboard configuration12
Deep learning-based synthetic dose-weighted LET map generation for intensity modulated proton therapy12
Radioactive 3D printing for the production of molecular imaging phantoms12
DeepUCT: Complex cascaded deep learning network for improved ultrasound tomography12
Preliminary dosimetric analysis of DOTA-folate radiopharmaceutical radiolabelled with 47Sc produced through natV(p,x)47Sc cyclotron irradiation12
DaNet: dose-aware network embedded with dose-level estimation for low-dose CT imaging12
Development of robustness evaluation strategies for enabling statistically consistent reporting12
CT radiomic features of photodynamic priming in clinical pancreatic adenocarcinoma treatment12
Position estimation using neural networks in semi-monolithic PET detectors12
Automatic attenuation map estimation from SPECT data only for brain perfusion scans using convolutional neural networks12
A feature invariant generative adversarial network for head and neck MRI/CT image synthesis12
Low power implementation of high frequency SiPM readout for Cherenkov and scintillation detectors in TOF-PET12
A validated Geant4 model of a whole-body PET scanner with four-layer DOI detectors12