Nuclear Fusion

(The TQCC of Nuclear Fusion is 22. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2019-06-01 to 2023-06-01.)
Overview of the RF source development programme at IPP Garching328
Fusion energy production from a deuterium-tritium plasma in the JET tokamak311
Energy confinement scaling from the international stellarator database258
Collisional losses of electrons from an adiabatic trap in a plasma with a positive potential218
Progress of the CFETR design203
High fusion performance from deuterium-tritium plasmas in JET193
Progress on the application of ELM control schemes to ITER scenarios from the non-active phase to DT operation176
Blister bursting and deuterium bursting release from tungsten exposed to high fluences of high flux and low energy deuterium plasma175
Velocity–space structures of distribution function in toroidal ion temperature gradient turbulence173
Electron and photon production from relativistic laser–plasma interactions169
Investigating behaviours of hydrogen in a tungsten grain boundary by first principles: from dissolution and diffusion to a trapping mechanism166
Physics aspects of negative ion sources153
Spectroscopy—a powerful diagnostic tool in source development152
Overview of first Wendelstein 7-X high-performance operation145
Development and application of HINT2 to helical system plasmas143
Explanation of the JETn= 0 chirping mode140
Cross–machine benchmarking for ITER of neoclassical tearing mode stabilization by electron cyclotron current drive134
Resistive wall stabilized operation in rotating high beta NSTX plasmas129
Overview of the DEMO staged design approach in Europe126
First results from MAST125
Full-f gyrokinetic particle simulation of centrally heated global ITG turbulence from magnetic axis to edge pedestal top in a realistic tokamak geometry123
TOPICA: an accurate and efficient numerical tool for analysis and design of ICRF antennas116
Scaling laws for edge plasma parameters in ITER from two-dimensional edge modelling113
Benchmarking of the mono-energetic transport coefficients—results from the International Collaboration on Neoclassical Transport in Stellarators (ICNTS)112
Major results from the first plasma campaign of the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator112
Screening of a high-density plasma from neutral gas penetration110
Gyrokinetic projection of the divertor heat-flux width from present tokamaks to ITER107
Physics of island divertors as highlighted by the example of W7-AS106
Neoclassical diffusion arising from magnetic-field ripples in Tokamaks102
Physics of runaway electrons in tokamaks97
Study of runaway electron generation during major disruptions in JET94
Observation of the interaction between the geodesic acoustic mode and ambient fluctuation in the JFT-2M tokamak92
High-power and long-pulse injection with negative-ion-based neutral beam injectors in the Large Helical Device90
The ITER blanket system design challenge90
Cyclotron radiation from a rarefied inhomogeneous magnetoplasma90
Transition from Pastukhov to collisional confinement in a magnetic and electrostatic well89
Problems and methods of self-consistent reconstruction of tokamak equilibrium profiles from magnetic and polarimetric measurements86
High-power gyrotrons for electron cyclotron heating and current drive86
On measuring the electron heat diffusion coefficient in atokamak from sawtooth oscillation observations85
First results from the START experiment84
Overview of material re-deposition and fuel retention studies at JET with the Gas Box divertor84
Three-dimensional fast electron transport for ignition-scale inertial fusion capsules83
Results from recent detachment experiments in alternative divertor configurations on TCV83
Field reversed configuration lifetime scaling based on measurements from the Large s Experiment81
Observations on core turbulence transitions in ASDEX Upgrade using Doppler reflectometry79
Spectral broadening of lower hybrid waves produced by parametric instability in current drive experiments of tokamak plasmas79
Loss of alpha-like MeV fusion products from TFTR77
Recent advances in EAST physics experiments in support of steady-state operation for ITER and CFETR77
Fluctuation spectra and velocity profile from Doppler backscattering on Tore Supra76
Overview of the JET preparation for deuterium–tritium operation with the ITER like-wall75
Initial results from the TST-2 spherical tokamak74
Observation of infrared synchrotron radiation from tokamak runaway electrons in TEXTOR73
Vibrational kinetics, electron dynamics and elementary processes in H2and D2plasmas for negative ion production: modelling aspects73
Transition from weak to strong energetic ion transport in burning plasmas72
Dependence of the threshold for perturbation field generatedm/n= 2/1 tearing modes on the plasma fluid rotation71
Experimental observations of enhanced radial transport of energetic particles with Alfvén eigenmode on the LHD71
A model for electron transport barriers in tokamaks, tested against experimental data from RTP70
Nonlinear ICRF-plasma interactions70
Performance of the ITER ICRH system as expected from TOPICA and ANTITER II modelling69
H-mode energy confinement scaling from the DIII-D and JET tokamaks66
Comparison of transient electron heat transport in LHD helical and JT-60U tokamak plasmas65
The radial electric field and its associated shear in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak64
A study of the effect of impurity radiation from the peripheral plasma of a tokamak reactor64
Transient electron heat diffusivity obtained from trace impurity injection on TFTR63
Gyrokinetic analysis and simulation of pedestals to identify the culprits for energy losses using ‘fingerprints’63
Overview of the recent experimental research on the J-TEXT tokamak61
Radiation losses from oxygen and iron impurities in a high-temperature plasma61
Integrated operation of steady-state long-pulse H-mode in Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak59
Experimental study of particle transport and density fluctuations in LHD58
Microstructural development and irradiation hardening of W and W–(3–26) wt%Re alloys after high-temperature neutron irradiation to 0.15 dpa58
Status and prospects for mm-wave reflectometry in ITER57
Heat loads on JET plasma facing components from ICRF and LH wave absorption in the SOL56
Comparison of theoretical models for scrape-off layer widths with data from COMPASS-D, JET and Alcator C-Mod56
Innovative ignition scheme for ICF—impact fast ignition55
Plasma shape control on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) using real-time equilibrium reconstruction55
Far SOL ELM ion energies in JET55
Present status of the negative ion based NBI system for long pulse operation on JT-60U54
Experiments on the release of tritium from the first wall of JET54
Tomography of fast-ion velocity-space distributions from synthetic CTS and FIDA measurements54
Predictions on heat transport and plasma rotation from global gyrokinetic simulations53
Properties of a new quasi-axisymmetric configuration53
Fast-ion distributions from third harmonic ICRF heating studied with neutron emission spectroscopy51
Progress toward ITER’s First Plasma51
A real-time machine learning-based disruption predictor in DIII-D51
Progress of the ELISE test facility: results of caesium operation with low RF power51
Comparison of deuterium pellet injection from different locations on the DIII-D tokamak50
Overview of physics results from the conclusive operation of the National Spherical Torus Experiment50
Fundamental issues in fast ignition physics: from relativistic electron generation to proton driven ignition50
Modelling of Kelvin–Helmholtz instability and splashing of melt layers from plasma-facing components in tokamaks under plasma impact50
Comparison of turbulent transport models of L- and H-mode plasmas49
Erosion, screening, and migration of tungsten in the JET divertor49
Integrated physics optimization of a quasi-isodynamic stellarator with poloidally closed contours of the magnetic field strength49
Energy confinement scaling in the low aspect ratio National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX)48
First results from H-mode plasmas generated by ICRF heating in the EAST48
Machine learning for disruption warnings on Alcator C-Mod, DIII-D, and EAST48
Protection of walls from hard disruptions in large tokamaks47
Alfvénic instabilities driven by fusion generated alpha particles in ITER scenarios47
Engineering prospects of negative-ion-based neutral beam injection system from high power operation for the large helical device47
Electromagnetic turbulence suppression by energetic particle driven modes47
Development of an efficient real-time disruption predictor from scratch on JET and implications for ITER47
Quench protection of the poloidal field superconducting coil system for the EAST tokamak47
Gas jet disruption mitigation studies on Alcator C-Mod46
Perturbative and non-perturbative modes in START and MAST46
Overview of results from the Large Helical Device46
A dual source D-band reflectometer for density profile and fluctuations measurements in Tore-Supra46
Feedback control of the safety factor profile evolution during formation of an advanced tokamak discharge46
The effect of toroidal plasma rotation on sawteeth in MAST46
MeV-range velocity-space tomography from gamma-ray and neutron emission spectrometry measurements at JET45
On the origin of ‘fuzz’ formation in plasma-facing materials45
Progress in disruption prevention for ITER45
Determination of the tolerable impurity concentrations in a fusion reactor using a consistent set of cooling factors45
Formation of hot, stable, long-lived field-reversed configuration plasmas on the C-2W device45
First results from the LIDAR Thomson Scattering System on JET45
Temperature oscillating regimes in Tore Supra diagnosed by MHD activity45
Ion beam analysis of fusion plasma-facing materials and components: facilities and research challenges44
A global simulation study of ICRF heating in the LHD44
Electron thermal conductivity from heat wave propagation in Wendelstein 7-AS44
Anisotropic pressure bi-Maxwellian distribution function model for three-dimensional equilibria44
The European approach to the fusion-like neutron source: the IFMIF-DONES project44
RF start-up and sustainment experiments on the TST-2@K spherical tokamak43
Observation and modelling of fast ion loss in JET and ASDEX Upgrade43
Physics research on the TCV tokamak facility: from conventional to alternative scenarios and beyond43
A numerical investigation of the effects of impurity penetration depth on disruption mitigation by massive high-pressure gas jet43
Direct gyrokinetic comparison of pedestal transport in JET with carbon and ITER-like walls42
Plasma formation in START and MAST spherical tokamaks41
Recent results from divertor and scrape-off layer studies at JET40
Key results of long pulse ICRH operation in Tore Supra40
Waste implications from minor impurities in European DEMO materials40
Overview of recent physics results from the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX)39
High fusion performance in Super H-mode experiments on Alcator C-Mod and DIII-D39
Overview of DT results from TFTR39
Beryllium melting and erosion on the upper dump plates in JET during three ITER-like wall campaigns39
First experimental tests of a new small angle slot divertor on DIII-D39
Progress of the JT-60SA project39
Influence of massive material injection on avalanche runaway generation during tokamak disruptions38
Inferring divertor plasma properties from hydrogen Balmer and Paschen series spectroscopy in JET-ILW38
Alfvén cascades in JET discharges with NBI-heating38
Overview of results from the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX)38
Adaptive high learning rate probabilistic disruption predictors from scratch for the next generation of tokamaks38
Fast ion loss in a ‘sea-of-TAE’38
Progress in the ITER neutral beam test facility38
Gamma ray emission profile measurements from JET ICRF-heated discharges37
Optimisation of stellarator equilibria with ROSE37
Interplay between turbulence, neoclassical and zonal flows during the transition from low to high confinement mode at ASDEX Upgrade37
Role of the pedestal position on the pedestal performance in AUG, JET-ILW and TCV and implications for ITER37
Impact of arcing on carbon and tungsten: from the observations in JT-60U, LHD and NAGDIS-II37
Initial results from the Coaxial Slow Source FRC device37
Energetic ion confinement studies using comprehensive neutron diagnostics in the Large Helical Device36
Acceleration and deceleration model of indirect drive ICF capsules36
Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: research in the frame of International Tokamak Physics Activity36
Shattered pellet injection technology design and characterization for disruption mitigation experiments36
Sawtooth oscillations in ion cyclotron emission from JET36
Magnetic field structure and confinement of energetic particles in the LHD36
L-mode-edge negative triangularity tokamak reactor35
Development of a dc 1 MV power supply technology for NB injectors35
Overview of physics results from MAST35
Studies of fast-ion transport induced by energetic particle modes using fast-particle diagnostics with high time resolution in CHS35
Scenario development for D–T operation at JET35
Internal Alfvén eigenmode observations on DIII-D35
Observation of anomalous impurity transport during low-density experiments in W7-X with laser blow-off injections of iron34
ECRH power deposition from a quasi-optical point of view34
The upgraded Pegasus Toroidal Experiment34
Review of data processing techniques for density profile evaluation from broadband FM-CW reflectometry on ASDEX Upgrade34
Verification and validation of integrated simulation of energetic particles in fusion plasmas34
H-mode physics of near double null plasmas in MAST and its applications to other tokamaks34
Observation of compressional Alfvén eigenmodes (CAE) in a conventional tokamak34
Advances in plasma–wall interaction control for H-mode operation over 100 s with ITER-like tungsten divertor on EAST34
Quasi-linear transport inferred from density fluctuation spectra34
Fully predictive time-dependent transport simulations of ITB plasmas in JET, JT-60U and DIII-D34
Superdiffusion and multifractal statistics of edge plasma turbulence in fusion devices34
Overview of physics studies on ASDEX Upgrade33
Electron cyclotron resonance heating beam broadening in the edge turbulent plasma of fusion machines33
Simulations of tokamak boundary plasma turbulence transport in setting the divertor heat flux width33
Morphological and structural effects on tungsten targets produced by fusion plasma pulses from a table top plasma focus33
Overview of results from the MST reversed field pinch experiment33
Burn control resulting from toroidal field ripple33
Real-time capable modeling of neutral beam injection on NSTX-U using neural networks33
ECRF experiments for local heating and current drive by fundamental O-mode launch from the low-field side on JT-60U33
End losses from a theta pinch33
Fast automated analysis of high-resolution reflectometer density profiles on DIII-D33
Scrape-off layer transport and filament characteristics in high-density tokamak regimes32
First principles and integrated modelling achievements towards trustful fusion power predictions for JET and ITER32
Experimental progress of inertial confinement fusion based at the ShenGuang-III laser facility in China32
Hydrogen plasmas with ICRF inverted minority and mode conversion heating regimes in the JET tokamak32
Effects of fibre-form nanostructures on particle emissions from a tungsten surface in plasmas32
Development of fabrication technology for low activation vanadium alloys as fusion blanket structural materials32
Global-wave solutions with self-consistent velocity distributions in ion cyclotron heated plasmas31
A 3D dynamic model to assess the impacts of low-mode asymmetry, aneurysms and mix-induced radiative loss on capsule performance across inertial confinement fusion platforms31
$\langle 0\,0\,{\rm 1}\rangle $ edge dislocation nucleation mechanism of surface blistering in tungsten exposed to deuterium plasma31
Characterisation of highly radiating neon seeded plasmas in JET-ILW31
On ion cyclotron current drive for sawtooth control31
The national ignition facility: laser performance status and performance quad results at elevated energy31
ITER operation window determined from mutually consistent core–SOL–divertor simulations: definition and application31
Endloss from a linear θ- pinch31
The origin of beam non-uniformity in a large Cs-seeded negative ion source31
Dependence on plasma shape and plasma fueling for small edge-localized mode regimes in TCV and ASDEX Upgrade31
An improved understanding of the roles of atomic processes and power balance in divertor target ion current loss during detachment31
3D modelling of negative ion extraction from a negative ion source31
Overview of recent experimental results from the Aditya tokamak30
Upgrades of the RFX-mod reversed field pinch and expected scenario improvements30
Application of Gaussian process regression to plasma turbulent transport model validation via integrated modelling30
First divertor physics studies in Wendelstein 7-X30
Overview of KSTAR research progress and future plans toward ITER and K-DEMO30
1 MeV, ampere class accelerator R&D for ITER30
Neutron emission from TFTR supershots30
Design of a distributed radiator target for inertial fusion driven from two sides with heavy ion beams30
Ion cyclotron emission from fusion products and beam ions in the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor29
Inertial electrostatic confinement fusion device with an ion source using a magnetron discharge29
Current design and R&D progress of the Chinese helium cooled ceramic breeder test blanket system29
Effect of the isotope mass on the turbulent transport at the edge of L-mode plasmas in ASDEX Upgrade and JET-ILW29
Quasi-optical Gaussian beam tracing to evaluate Doppler backscattering conditions29
Effect of magnetic configuration on frequency of NBI-driven Alfvén modes in TJ-II29
Kinetic modelling of the interaction of rotating magnetic fields with a radially inhomogeneous plasma29
Influence of stochastic magnetic fields on relativistic electrons29
Measurements of charged particle beams from plasma focus discharges28
Characterization of the W7-X scrape-off layer using reciprocating probes28
Penetration of supersonic gas jets into a tokamak28
Progress of indirect drive inertial confinement fusion in the United States28
Laser implosion of microballoons: study of the transition from exploding-pusher to ablative regime28
Interpretation of cyclotron radiation spectra from runaway discharges in TFR28
Reversed field pinch operation with intelligent shell feedback control in EXTRAP T2R28
Retention and release of hydrogen isotopes in tungsten plasma-facing components: the role of grain boundaries and the native oxide layer from a joint experiment-simulation integrated approach28
Active conditioning of ASDEX Upgrade tungsten plasma-facing components and discharge enhancement through boron and boron nitride particulate injection28
A machine learning approach based on generative topographic mapping for disruption prevention and avoidance at JET28
Simulation of ion cyclotron heating of tokamak plasmas using coupled Maxwell and quasilinear-Fokker–Planck solvers28
Overview of new MAST physics in anticipation of first results from MAST Upgrade28
H trapping and mobility in nanostructured tungsten grain boundaries: a combined experimental and theoretical approach27
Spatially resolved measurement of alpha particle emission from PLT plasmas heated by ICRH27
Figure of merit for divertor protection in the preliminary design of the EU-DEMO reactor27
Prediction of divertor heat flux width for ITER using BOUT++ transport and turbulence module27
Results from an improved flowing liquid lithium limiter with increased flow uniformity in high power plasmas in EAST27
Repetitive pellet fuelling for high-density/steady-state operation on LHD27
Prediction of the fusion alpha density profile in ITER from local marginal stability to Alfvén eigenmodes27
The role of the source versus the collisionality in predicting a reactor density profile as observed on ASDEX Upgrade discharges27
Helium flux effects on bubble growth and surface morphology in plasma-facing tungsten from large-scale molecular dynamics simulations27
Transition from L mode to high ion temperature mode in CHS heliotron/torsatron plasmas26
Refuelling performance improvement by high speed pellet launch from the magnetic high field side26
Determination of the safety factor profile in TORE SUPRA from the largest striations observed during pellet ablation26
Caesium and tungsten behaviour in the filamented arc driven Kamaboko-III negative ion source26
Overview of physics results from MAST26
Tokamak plasma high field side response to ann= 3 magnetic perturbation: a comparison of 3D equilibrium solutions from seven different codes26
3D two-temperature magnetohydrodynamic modeling of fast thermal quenches due to injected impurities in tokamaks26
Effect of radial particle transport on radiation from light impurities26
A time resolved study of the mitigation of graphite chemical erosion in deuterium plasmas containing beryllium26
Mitigation of plasma–material interactions via passive Li efflux from the surface of a flowing liquid lithium limiter in EAST26
Transition from the L-mode to the H-mode by electron cyclotron heating of a tokamak edge plasma26
Quiescent H-mode operation using torque from non-axisymmetric, non-resonant magnetic fields26
Validation of the ICRF antenna coupling code RAPLICASOL against TOPICA and experiments26
Recent developments in ICRF antenna modelling26
New capabilities and results for the National Spherical Torus Experiment25
Boundary modulation effects on MHD instabilities in heliotrons25
I-mode investigation on the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak25
Achievement of ITER-relevant accelerated negative hydrogen ion current densities over 1000 s at the ELISE test facility25
LH transition by a biased hot cathode in the Tohoku University Heliac25
Effects of toroidal plasma current on divertor power depositions on Wendelstein 7-X25
Critical issues highlighted by collective Thomson scattering below electron cyclotron resonance in FTU25
Density fluctuation measurements using X-mode fast sweep reflectometry on Tore Supra25
Magnetic configuration and plasma parameter dependence of the energy confinement time in ECR heated plasmas from the TJ-II stellarator25
Simulation of neutron emission spectra from neutral beam-heated plasmas in the EAST tokamak25
Displacement damage stabilization by hydrogen presence under simultaneous W ion damage and D ion exposure24
Stochastization as a possible cause for fast reconnection during MHD mode activity in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak24
Gamma-ray emission spectrum from thermonuclear fusion reactions without intrinsic broadening24
Heat transport driven by the ion temperature gradient and electron temperature gradient instabilities in ASDEX Upgrade H-modes24
ITER breakdown and plasma initiation revisited24
Losses of runaway electrons during ergodization24
Overview of physics results from MAST24
Heavy ion beam probe wavenumber measurements from the TEXT Tokamak edge24
Role ofTe/Tiand ∇vtorin ion heat transport of ASDEX Upgrade H-mode plasmas24
Ion heating and current drive from relaxation in decaying spheromaks in mesh flux conservers24
TF-ripple losses from a non-circular tokamak24
Tokamak plasma response to droplet spraying from melted plasma-facing components23
The effect of plasma shape and neutral beam mix on the rotation threshold for RMP-ELM suppression23
Adaptive learning for disruption prediction in non-stationary conditions23
Study of global wall saturation mechanisms in long-pulse ELMy H-mode discharges on JT-60U23
Mappings of stochastic field lines in poloidal divertor tokamaks23
Experimental results from the Cadarache 1 MV test bed with SINGAP accelerators23
The evolution of He nanobubbles in tungsten under fusion-relevant He ion irradiation conditions23
Resonant interaction of tearing modes with energetic-ions resulting in fishbone activities on HL-2A23
Progress in understanding the role of hot electrons for the shock ignition approach to inertial confinement fusion23
Impact of wall saturation on particle control in long and high-power-heated discharges in JT-60U23
Modelling of negative ion transport in caesium-seeded volume negative ion sources23
Determination of current distribution in JET from soft X-ray measurements23
Collisional merging formation of a field-reversed configuration in the FAT-CM device23
Vertical forces during vertical displacement events in an ITER plasma and the role of halo currents23
Fusion reactivity of the pB11 plasma revisited23
Magnetic divertor design in GAMMA10 central cell23
Microwave reflectometry for fusion plasma diagnosis23
Central ion cyclotron emission in the DIII-D tokamak22
Confinement degradation with beta for ELMyH-mode plasmas in JT-60U tokamak22
Control of stochasticity in magnetic field lines22
An overview of results from the TCV tokamak22
Overview of operation and experiments in the ADITYA-U tokamak22
Sensitivity of a stripping analyser for neutral hydrogen atoms in the energy range from 50 to 300 eV22
Expanding the operating space of ICRF on JET with a view to ITER22
Isotope identity experiments in JET-ILW with H and D L-mode plasmas22
The performance of first CORC cable solenoid insert for development of CFETR high-field magnet22
Design of the PROTO-SPHERA experiment and of its first step (MULTI-PINCH)22
Surface coverage dependent mechanisms for the absorption and desorption of hydrogen from the W(1 1 0) and W(1 0 0) surfaces: a density functional theory investigation22
Neutron emission from beryllium reactions in JET deuterium plasmas with 3He minority22
Modeling and projecting implosion performance for the National Ignition Facility22
Inference of electron heat conductivity from the propagation of a temperature perturbation in the outer confinement region of a Tokamak22
Novel states of pre-transition edge turbulence emerging from shearing mode competition22
Methods for quantitative study of divertor heat loads on W7-X22
Simulations of source and anomalous pinch effects on the density profile peaking of JET H-mode plasmas22
2D reflectometer modelling for optimizing the ITER low-field side X-mode reflectometer system22
Increased understanding of the dynamics and transport in ITB plasmas from multi-machine comparisons22
Measurement and control of turbulence spreading in the scrape-off layer of TJ-II stellarator22
Initial results from the Tokapole-II poloidal divertor device22
Divertor detachment and asymmetry in H-mode operation with an ITER-like tungsten divertor in EAST22
Ion losses from end-stoppered mirror trap22