Archives of Disease in Childhood

(The median citation count of Archives of Disease in Childhood is 0. The table below lists those papers that are above that threshold based on CrossRef citation counts [max. 250 papers]. The publications cover those that have been published in the past four years, i.e., from 2020-04-01 to 2024-04-01.)
Why is COVID-19 less severe in children? A review of the proposed mechanisms underlying the age-related difference in severity of SARS-CoV-2 infections318
Children are not COVID-19 super spreaders: time to go back to school144
Longitudinal increases in childhood depression symptoms during the COVID-19 lockdown144
Where have all the children gone? Decreases in paediatric emergency department attendances at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic of 2020143
COVID-19 in children: analysis of the first pandemic peak in England141
Global incidence and mortality of neonatal sepsis: a systematic review and meta-analysis140
Clinical characteristics, treatment and outcomes of paediatric COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis135
Outbreak of anorexia nervosa admissions during the COVID-19 pandemic132
Rise in the incidence of abusive head trauma during the COVID-19 pandemic124
Delayed access to care and late presentations in children during the COVID-19 pandemic: a snapshot survey of 4075 paediatricians in the UK and Ireland120
Long COVID (post-COVID-19 condition) in children: a modified Delphi process112
Reopening schools during the COVID-19 pandemic: governments must balance the uncertainty and risks of reopening schools against the clear harms associated with prolonged closure108
Systematic review of reviews of symptoms and signs of COVID-19 in children and adolescents100
Disappearing act: COVID-19 and paediatric emergency department attendances91
COVID-19 related increase in childhood tics and tic-like attacks86
Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in children: a prospective multicentre cohort study84
New-onset type 1 diabetes in Finnish children during the COVID-19 pandemic83
Role of children in household transmission of COVID-1983
Should children be vaccinated against COVID-19?78
COVID-19 lockdown dropped the rate of paediatric asthma admissions73
Changing admission patterns in paediatric emergency departments during the COVID-19 pandemic65
Indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on paediatric healthcare use and severe disease: a retrospective national cohort study62
Vaccine hesitancy in low- and middle-income countries: potential implications for the COVID-19 response57
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and childhood obesity52
Lockdown: more domestic accidents than COVID-19 in children50
Young people’s advisory groups in health research: scoping review and mapping of practices49
Association between suicide behaviours in children and adolescents and the COVID-19 lockdown in Paris, France: a retrospective observational study48
Examining the interseasonal resurgence of respiratory syncytial virus in Western Australia48
Reduced PICU respiratory admissions during COVID-1943
COVID-19 in children treated with immunosuppressive medication for kidney diseases39
Should children be vaccinated against COVID-19 now?37
School-aged neurodevelopmental outcomes for children born extremely preterm35
Paediatric tic-like presentations during the COVID-19 pandemic35
Promoting and supporting children’s health and healthcare during COVID-19 – International Paediatric Association Position Statement35
Young people’s views on their role in the COVID-19 pandemic and society’s recovery from it34
Examining the entire delayed respiratory syncytial virus season in Western Australia34
SARS-CoV-2 infection in ambulatory and hospitalised Spanish children33
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on routine childhood immunisation in Colombia33
‘Do I, don’t I?’ A qualitative study addressing parental perceptions about seeking healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic30
Priorities for the child public health response to the COVID-19 pandemic recovery in England29
Differentiating multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children: a single-centre retrospective cohort study29
Intimate partner violence and child outcomes at age 10: a pregnancy cohort28
COVID-19 pandemic: health inequities in children and youth27
Noonan syndrome: improving recognition and diagnosis26
Who has been missed? Dramatic decrease in numbers of children seen for child protection assessments during the pandemic26
Achondroplasia Foramen Magnum Score: screening infants for stenosis25
Breaking bad news: what parents would like you to know24
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the paediatric emergency department attendances in Argentina24
Racial discrimination and socioemotional and sleep problems in a cross-sectional survey of Australian school students24
Impact of COVID-19 on diagnosis and management of paediatric inflammatory bowel disease during lockdown: a UK nationwide study24
Sharing a household with children and risk of COVID-19: a study of over 300 000 adults living in healthcare worker households in Scotland24
Cyberbullying and post-traumatic stress symptoms in UK adolescents22
Paediatric snakebite envenoming: recognition and management of cases22
Prevalence of thrombotic complications in children with SARS-CoV-222
Use of rituximab in paediatric nephrology21
Benefits of dietary fibre for children in health and disease21
Challenges in clinical trials for children and young people21
Paediatric critical care referrals of children with diabetic ketoacidosis during the COVID-19 pandemic21
Ultrasound for the diagnosis of malrotation and volvulus in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis20
Stop, think SCORTCH: rethinking the traditional ‘TORCH’ screen in an era of re-emerging syphilis20
Social communication skill attainment in babies born during the COVID-19 pandemic: a birth cohort study20
Extreme prematurity, growth and neurodevelopment at 8 years: a cohort study19
Caring for critically ill adults in paediatric intensive care units in England during the COVID-19 pandemic: planning, implementation and lessons for the future19
Children and young people’s concerns and needs relating to their use of health technology to self-manage long-term conditions: a scoping review19
Place of death of children and young adults with a life-limiting condition in England: a retrospective cohort study19
Oxygen uptake efficiency slope: a reliable surrogate parameter for exercise capacity in healthy and cardiac children?19
Thiamine-responsive acute severe pulmonary hypertension in exclusively breastfeeding infants: a prospective observational study19
RSV bronchiolitis season 2021 has arrived, so be prepared!19
Changes in the UK baby food market surveyed in 2013 and 2019: the rise of baby snacks and sweet/savoury foods18
Legacy of COVID-19 infection in children: long-COVID will have a lifelong health/economic impact18
Prioritising paediatric surveillance during the COVID-19 pandemic18
Development of an international standard set of patient-centred outcome measures for overall paediatric health: a consensus process18
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: an overview of current evidence and activities in the UK18
Waning infant pertussis during COVID-19 pandemic18
Singapore Undiagnosed Disease Program: Genomic Analysis aids Diagnosis and Clinical Management17
Child mortality in England during the COVID-19 pandemic17
Pharmacokinetics and safety/tolerability of isoniazid, rifampicin and pyrazinamide in children and adolescents treated for tuberculous meningitis16
Bronchiolitis and SARS-CoV-216
First-line oxygen therapy with high-flow in bronchiolitis is not cost saving for the health service16
Cardiac-associated biliary atresia (CABA): a prognostic subgroup16
Neurodevelopment in normocephalic children with and without prenatal Zika virus exposure15
Height of fever and invasive bacterial infection15
Unravelling the role of the mandatory use of face covering masks for the control of SARS-CoV-2 in schools: a quasi-experimental study nested in a population-based cohort in Catalonia (Spain)15
Accuracy of PECARN rule for predicting serious bacterial infection in infants with fever without a source15
COVID-19 in children with haematological malignancies14
Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on paediatric services at a referral centre in Pakistan: lessons from a low-income and middle-income country setting14
Primary adjunctive corticosteroid therapy is associated with improved outcomes for patients with Kawasaki disease with coronary artery aneurysms at diagnosis14
Experiences of healthcare, including palliative care, of children with life-limiting and life-threatening conditions and their families: a longitudinal qualitative investigation14
Risk factors for asthma attacks and poor control in children: a prospective observational study in UK primary care14
Predictive value of indicators for identifying child maltreatment and intimate partner violence in coded electronic health records: a systematic review and meta-analysis14
CLABSI reduction using evidence based interventions and nurse empowerment: a quality improvement initiative from a tertiary care NICU in Pakistan13
Post-COVID-19 paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome: association of ethnicity, key worker and socioeconomic status with risk and severity13
Health of mothers of children with a life-limiting condition: a comparative cohort study13
Increased admissions to paediatric wards with a primary mental health diagnosis: results of a survey of a network of eating disorder paediatricians in England13
Social distancing measures for COVID-19 are changing winter season13
Paediatric care in the time of COVID-19 in countries with under-resourced healthcare systems12
Development and validation of a prediction model for invasive bacterial infections in febrile children at European Emergency Departments: MOFICHE, a prospective observational study12
School academic performance of children hospitalised with a chronic condition12
National rates and disparities in childhood vaccination and vaccine-preventable disease during the COVID-19 pandemic: English sentinel network retrospective database study12
Improvement in time to treatment, but not time to diagnosis, in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type I12
COVID-19: lessons to date from China12
Solar-powered oxygen, quality improvement and child pneumonia deaths: a large-scale effectiveness study12
Social and ethnic group differences in healthcare use by children aged 0–14 years: a population-based cohort study in England from 2007 to 201712
Cross-sectional study of population-specific streptococcal antibody titres in Uganda12
Paediatric snakebite envenoming: the world’s most neglected ‘Neglected Tropical Disease’?12
Self-administration of adrenaline for anaphylaxis during in-hospital food challenges improves health-related quality of life12
Clinical features to distinguish meningitis among young infants at a rural Kenyan hospital12
Outcomes at five to eight years of age for children with Hirschsprung’s disease12
Low-dose or no aspirin administration in acute-phase Kawasaki disease: a meta-analysis and systematic review12
Recovery from chronic fatigue syndrome: a systematic review—heterogeneity of definition limits study comparison12
Paediatric severe asthma biologics service: from hospital to home12
Paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 (PIMS-TS): the Evelina Experience12
Addendum to: Children are not COVID-19 super spreaders: time to go back to school12
Review and future directions for PIMS-TS (MIS-C)11
Cystic fibrosis newborn screening: the importance of bloodspot sample quality11
CONservative TReatment of Appendicitis in Children: a randomised controlled feasibility Trial (CONTRACT)11
Friedreich’s ataxia-associated childhood hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a national cohort study11
COVID-19 in children with chronic kidney disease: findings from the UK renal registry11
Decision to reject screening for familial hypercholesterolaemia is flawed11
Gestational age at birth and child special educational needs: a UK representative birth cohort study11
Discharge outcome analysis of 1089 transgender young people referred to paediatric endocrine clinics in England 2008–202111
Continuous positive airway pressure for children in resource-limited settings, effect on mortality and adverse events: systematic review and meta-analysis11
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on global child health: joint statement of the International Child Health Group and the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health11
The paediatrician workforce and its role in addressing neonatal, child and adolescent healthcare in Kenya11
Is opioid analgesia superior to NSAID analgesia in children with musculoskeletal trauma?10
Clinical management of sickle cell liver disease in children and young adults10
Child poverty and health inequalities in the UK: a guide for paediatricians10
Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 positivity in infants with bronchiolitis: a multicentre international study10
Factors associated with severe respiratory syncytial virus disease in hospitalised children: a retrospective analysis10
Unlocking children’s voices during SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic lockdown10
Initial experience of the safety and tolerability of the BNT162b2 (Pfizer-Bio-N-Tech) vaccine in extremely vulnerable children aged 12–15 years10
Daytime urotherapy in nocturnal enuresis: a randomised, controlled trial10
Child mortality in England during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic10
Antibiotic exposure during pregnancy and childhood asthma: a national birth cohort study investigating timing of exposure and mode of delivery10
Dexmedetomidine improves success of paediatric MRI sedation9
Caring about caregivers: the role of paediatricians in supporting the mental health of parents of children with high caregiving needs9
COVID-19 in Malawi: lessons in pandemic preparedness from a tertiary children’s hospital9
First do no harm: practitioners’ ability to ‘diagnose’ system weaknesses and improve safety is a critical initial step in improving care quality9
Tics, TikTok and COVID-199
Adjuvant corticosteroids for prevention of kidney scarring in children with acute pyelonephritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis9
Hyponatraemia despite isotonic maintenance fluid therapy: a time series intervention study9
Use of oximetry to screen for paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea: is one night enough and is 6 hours too much?9
Antibiotic use in ambulatory care for acutely ill children in high-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis9
Household economic burden of childhood severe pneumonia in Bangladesh: a cost-of-illness study9
Observational study to define reference ranges for the 3% oxygen desaturation index during sleep in healthy children under 12 years using oximetry motion-resistant technology9
Did children ‘stay safe’? Evaluation of burns presentations to a children’s emergency department during the period of COVID-19 school closures9
Neurodevelopmental status and follow-up in preschool children with heart disease in London, UK8
School absence and achievement in children with isolated orofacial clefts8
Acute kidney injury in paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 (PIMS-TS) is not associated with progression to chronic kidney disease8
Clinical impact of a gastrointestinal PCR panel in children with infectious diarrhoea8
Neonatal cardiac surgery in low resource settings: implications of birth weight8
Characteristics and predictors of persistent symptoms post-COVID-19 in children and young people: a large community cross-sectional study in England8
Acceptability of different oral dosage forms in paediatric patients in hospital setting8
Respiratory pathogens and acute chest syndrome in children with sickle cell disease8
Influence of epidemics and pandemics on paediatric ED use: a systematic review8
Description and evaluation of a pathway for unaccompanied asylum-seeking children8
Biliary atresia screening in Shenzhen: implementation and achievements8
COVID-19 infections following physical school reopening8
Epidemiological surveillance study of female genital mutilation in the UK8
Case for change: a standardised inpatient paediatric early warning system in England8
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator modulators for cystic fibrosis: a new dawn?8
Critical paediatric COVID-19: varied presentations but good outcomes8
Graves’ disease: moving forwards8
Reducing negative emotions in children using social robots: systematic review8
What is new in migraine management in children and young people?8
Rise in children presenting with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis syndrome during the COVID-19 pandemic8
Foreign body ingestion in children: a magnet epidemic within a pandemic8
Validating clinical practice guidelines for the management of febrile infants presenting to the emergency department in the UK and Ireland8
Retinal nerve fibre layer and ganglion cell layer changes in children who recovered from COVID-19: a cohort study8
Randomised controlled trial of fosfomycin in neonatal sepsis: pharmacokinetics and safety in relation to sodium overload8
Implications of a highly transmissible variant of SARS-CoV-2 for children8
Cause-specific child and adolescent mortality in the UK and EU15+ countries8
Emergency and perioperative management of adrenal insufficiency in children and young people: British Society for Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes consensus guidance8
Impact of oral corticosteroids on respiratory outcomes in acute preschool wheeze: a randomised clinical trial8
General population screening for childhood type 1 diabetes: is it time for a UK strategy?8
Population child health: understanding and addressing complex health needs7
Incidence and aetiology of infant Gram-negative bacteraemia and meningitis: systematic review and meta-analysis7
Call for a universal PIMS-TS/MIS-C case definition7
Growth rate of coeliac children is compromised before the onset of the disease7
Five-year follow-up of new cases after a coeliac disease mass screening7
Venipuncture activates the cerebral cortex in children with intellectual disability7
Ethical issues in treatment of babies born at 22 weeks of gestation7
Feeding disorders in children with oesophageal atresia: a cross-sectional study7
Association of childhood tracheomalacia with bronchiectasis: a case–control study7
Pierre Robin sequence causes position-dependent obstructive sleep apnoea in infants7
Genetic landscape of congenital disorders in patients from Southeast Asia: results from sequencing using a gene panel for Mendelian phenotypes7
Morphine or hydromorphone: which should be preferred? A systematic review7
Future of machine learning in paediatrics7
Gastrostomy and quality of life in children with intellectual disability: a qualitative study7
Disability and visual outcomes following suspected abusive head trauma in children under 2 years7
Perinatal outcomes among births to women with infection during pregnancy7
Female genital mutilation (FGM) in UK children: a review of a dedicated paediatric service for FGM7
Keeping young people connected during COVID-19: the role of online groups7
Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on emergency department attendances for young people7
Paediatric olfactory dysfunction: a chance to detect COVID-19?7
COVID-19 is not a driver of clinically significant viral wheeze and asthma7
Management of fluids in paediatric diabetic ketoacidosis: concerns over new guidance6
New treatments in spinal muscular atrophy6
Haemoglobin and red blood cell reference intervals during infancy6
Vulval (Lipschütz) ulcers in young females associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 vaccination: case series6
Acute kidney injury following intravenous acyclovir in children6
Reduction of ileocolic intussusception under sedation or anaesthesia: a systematic review of complications6
Experiences of adolescents living with Silver-Russell syndrome6
World Health Organization and knowledge translation in maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health and nutrition6
Digital tools to improve parenting behaviour in low-income settings: a mixed-methods feasibility study6
Gestational age and risk of intellectual disability: a population-based cohort study6
Children living with disabilities are neglected in severe malnutrition protocols: a guideline review6
Treating nontuberculous mycobacteria in children with cystic fibrosis: a multicentre retrospective study6
Epidemiology, clinical features and outcomes of incident tuberculosis in children in Canada in 2013–2016: results of a national surveillance study6
Postnatal impact of a prenatally diagnosed double aortic arch6
WHO essential medicines for children 2011–2019: age-appropriateness of enteral formulations6
Impact of expanding a paediatric OPAT programme with an antimicrobial stewardship intervention6
Paediatric narcolepsy: a review of diagnosis and management6
Low-level laser therapy for oral mucositis in children with cancer6
Robustness of reported postacute health outcomes in children with SARS-CoV-2 infection: a systematic review6
The ‘Nutmeg Challenge’: a dangerous social media trend6
Postoperative morbidities with infant cardiac surgery and toddlers’ neurodevelopment6
Prompt diagnosis of biliary atresia: education has not succeeded, time to move to universal screening6
Pulse oximetry respiratory monitoring for assessment of acute childhood wheeze6
Serum amoxicillin levels in young infants (0–59 days) with sepsis treated with oral amoxicillin6
Birth prevalence of anorectal malformations in England and 5-year survival: a national birth cohort study6
Recurrent sudden unexpected death in infancy: a case series of sibling deaths6
Use of peripheral vasoactive drug infusions during the critical care transport of children with paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection6
‘Growth hormone deficiency’ or rather ‘short stature unresponsive to stimulation tests’?6
Extensive use of on-pack promotional claims on commercial baby foods in the UK6
Vitamin D deficiency in South-East Asian children: a systematic review6
A preimplementation survey for a standardised approach to paediatric early warning systems6
Community seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in children and adolescents in England, 2019–20216
Perceptions of non-successful families attending a weight-management clinic6
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome in the British Isles6
Bibliography of published COVID-19 in children literature6
Diagnostic test accuracy of dipstick urinalysis for diagnosing urinary tract infection in febrile infants attending the emergency department6
High-flow oxygen therapy in moderate to severe bronchiolitis: a randomised controlled trial6
Changes in UK paediatric long-term ventilation practice over 10 years6
Fraudulent participants in qualitative child health research: identifying and reducing bot activity6
Features of the transposed seasonality of the 2021 RSV epidemic in the UK and Ireland: analysis of the first 10 000 patients5
Is there an association between having asthma and being bullied?5
Paediatric health-related quality of life in congenital cytomegalovirus5
‘Next Generation Sequencing’ as a diagnostic tool in paediatrics5
How to do no harm: empowering local leaders to make care safer in low-resource settings5
SARS-CoV-2 transmission in schools in Korea: nationwide cohort study5
Feasibility of developing children’s Pill School within a UK hospital5
Work of a paediatric bioethics centre during the COVID-19 pandemic first phase5
Assessment of parental decision making in congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy and heart transplantation: an observational study analysing decisional characteristics and preferences5
Palliative care for children with complex cardiac conditions: survey results5
Clinical ethics: consent for vaccination in children5
Monkeypox and children5
How many children with severe neurodisability are being sent home on parenteral nutrition?5
How young children learn independent asthma self-management: a qualitative study in Malaysia5
Facilitators and barriers to the delivery of palliative care to children with life-limiting and life-threatening conditions: a qualitative study of the experiences and perceptions of healthcare profes5